Abstract

We present a high-power optical-parametric-oscillator (OPO) based frequency comb in the mid-IR wavelength region. The system employs periodically poled lithium niobate and is singly resonant for the signal. It is synchronously pumped by a 10W femtosecond Yb:fiber laser centered at 1.07μm. The idler (signal) wavelength can be continuously tuned from 2.8to4.8μm (1.76to1.37μm) with a simultaneous bandwidth as high as 0.3μm and a maximum average idler output power of 1.50W. We also demonstrate the performance of the stabilized comb by recording the heterodyne beat with a narrow-linewidth diode laser. This OPO is an ideal source for frequency comb spectroscopy in the mid-IR.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Thorpe and J. Ye, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 91, 397 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Thorpe, D. Balslev-Clausen, M. S. Kirchner, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 16, 2387 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Gebs, T. Dekorsy, S. A. Diddams, and A. Bartels, Opt. Express 16, 5397 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, Science 306, 2063 (2004).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

S. M. Foreman, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 28, 370 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

Adler, F.

Andres, T.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Balslev-Clausen, D.

Bartels, A.

Beigang, R.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

Borsutzky, A.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. T. A.

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Natale, P.

P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, New J. Phys. 8, 262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, T.

Diddams, S. A.

Erny, C.

Felinto, D.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, Science 306, 2063 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fermann, M. E.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Foreman, S. M.

Gagliardi, G.

P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, New J. Phys. 8, 262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gale, B. J. S.

Gebs, R.

Gohle, C.

Haag, P.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

Jones, D. J.

Jones, R. J.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keilmann, F.

Keller, U.

Kirchner, M. S.

Kühlke, D.

Lawall, J. R.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, Science 306, 2063 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitenstorfer, A.

Lopez-Alvarez, P.

Maddaloni, P.

P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, New J. Phys. 8, 262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Malara, P.

P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, New J. Phys. 8, 262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marcinkevicius, A.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marian, A.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, Science 306, 2063 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, M. J.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mbele, V.

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyn, J.-P.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Missey, M.

Moll, K. D.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moutzouris, K.

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reid, D. T.

Safdi, B.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schibli, T. R.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

Sibbett, W.

Stowe, M. C.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, Science 306, 2063 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, J. H.

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thorpe, M. J.

M. J. Thorpe and J. Ye, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 91, 397 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Thorpe, D. Balslev-Clausen, M. S. Kirchner, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 16, 2387 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wallenstein, R.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Thorpe and J. Ye, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 91, 397 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Thorpe, D. Balslev-Clausen, M. S. Kirchner, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 16, 2387 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, Science 306, 2063 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Foreman, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 28, 370 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yost, D. C.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zelt, S.

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. (2)

M. J. Thorpe and J. Ye, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 91, 397 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Andres, P. Haag, S. Zelt, J.-P. Meyn, A. Borsutzky, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 76, 241 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, New J. Phys. 8, 262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, Science 306, 2063 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the OPO setup: M1–M5, OPO cavity mirrors; DM, dichroic mirrors; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; PD1 and PD2, Si photodiodes; PCF, photonic crystal fiber; DDS, rf synthesizer; PZT, piezo. (b) Snapshot of all emitted wavelengths (intensity not to scale); the arrows indicate the spectral shift for increasing crystal poling period.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Idler output power (triangles) and photon conversion efficiency (circles) of the OPO for different idler wavelengths. The gray dashed curve represents the trend for the conversion efficiency expected from the mirror reflectivities. The inset shows the idler power versus pump power characteristics at λ idler = 3.01 μ m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Collection of typical idler spectra (normalized and vertically offset for clarity).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup and rf signals for stabilization of the OPO and measurement of the idler-comb linewidth. NPRO, nonplanar ring oscillator; YFL, Yb:fiber pump laser; ECDL, external-cavity diode laser; PD2-PD4, photodiodes; SHG, second-harmonic-generation crystal (GaSe). (a) In-loop signal for stabilization of f rep , 1 kHz resolution bandwidth (RBW). (b) In-loop signal for stabilization of 2 f 0 i f 0 s , 3 kHz RBW. (c) Out-of-loop beat note between 2 i and ECDL, with locked OPO (black; 2 s sweep time, 3 kHz RBW) and unlocked OPO (gray; 0.5 s sweep time, 10 kHz RBW); the traces are vertically offset for clarity

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