Abstract

The field of transparent ceramics is enjoying a renaissance, as refractory oxides are being developed as alternatives to single crystals in high-performance laser systems. However, a significant challenge remains regarding the reduction of the grain size to sufficiently subwavelength dimensions in order to achieve the same degree of optical transparency as the single-crystal analog. Here we report transparent yttria (Y2O3) ceramics that were synthesized by a pressure-assisted, two-step, low-temperature sintering process with an average grain size of 300nm. These nanograined ceramics exhibit equivalent transmission to single crystalline yttria for wavelengths greater than about 1200nm. The single-crystal-like transmittance of the nanograined yttria ceramics in the visible and IR region is an important advancement for the use of these materials in more-extreme environments, including high-energy laser systems where reduction of scattering is paramount.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009

J. Mouzon, A. Maitre, L. Frisk, N. Lehto, and M. Odén, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

J. Li, Y. Wu, Y. Pan, W. Liu, L. Huang, and J. Guo, Opt. Mater. 31, 6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Hinklin, S. Rand, and R. Laine, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 20, 1270 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Pazik, Opt. Mater. 30, 714 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

R. Fedyk, D. Hreniak, W. Lojkowski, W. Strek, H. Matysiak, E. Grzanka, S. Gierlotka, and P. Mazur, Opt. Mater. 29, 1252 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitami, T. Numazawa, and K. Ueda, Ceram. Int. 33, 711 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Eilers, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27, 4711 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Granger and C. Guizard, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 2698 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

L. Wen, X. Sun, Q. Lu, G. Xu, and X. Hu, Opt. Mater. 29, 239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

Z. Huang, X. Sun, Z. Xiu, S. Chen, and C. Tsai, Mater. Lett. 58, 2137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

I. Chen and X. Wang, Nature 404, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

N. Saito, S. Matsuda, and T. Ikegami, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81, 2023 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1969

M. Mendelson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52, 443 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968

Y. Nigara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 7, 404 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1967

R. Lefever and T. Matsko, Mater. Res. Bull. 2, 865 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Chen, I.

I. Chen and X. Wang, Nature 404, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

Z. Huang, X. Sun, Z. Xiu, S. Chen, and C. Tsai, Mater. Lett. 58, 2137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eilers, H.

H. Eilers, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27, 4711 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fedyk, R.

R. Fedyk, D. Hreniak, W. Lojkowski, W. Strek, H. Matysiak, E. Grzanka, S. Gierlotka, and P. Mazur, Opt. Mater. 29, 1252 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Frisk, L.

J. Mouzon, A. Maitre, L. Frisk, N. Lehto, and M. Odén, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gierlotka, S.

R. Fedyk, D. Hreniak, W. Lojkowski, W. Strek, H. Matysiak, E. Grzanka, S. Gierlotka, and P. Mazur, Opt. Mater. 29, 1252 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Granger, G.

G. Granger and C. Guizard, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 2698 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grzanka, E.

R. Fedyk, D. Hreniak, W. Lojkowski, W. Strek, H. Matysiak, E. Grzanka, S. Gierlotka, and P. Mazur, Opt. Mater. 29, 1252 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guizard, C.

G. Granger and C. Guizard, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 2698 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J.

J. Li, Y. Wu, Y. Pan, W. Liu, L. Huang, and J. Guo, Opt. Mater. 31, 6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hinklin, T.

T. Hinklin, S. Rand, and R. Laine, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 20, 1270 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hreniak, D.

R. Fedyk, D. Hreniak, W. Lojkowski, W. Strek, H. Matysiak, E. Grzanka, S. Gierlotka, and P. Mazur, Opt. Mater. 29, 1252 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

L. Wen, X. Sun, Q. Lu, G. Xu, and X. Hu, Opt. Mater. 29, 239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

J. Li, Y. Wu, Y. Pan, W. Liu, L. Huang, and J. Guo, Opt. Mater. 31, 6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z.

Z. Huang, X. Sun, Z. Xiu, S. Chen, and C. Tsai, Mater. Lett. 58, 2137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ikegami, T.

N. Saito, S. Matsuda, and T. Ikegami, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81, 2023 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laine, R.

T. Hinklin, S. Rand, and R. Laine, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 20, 1270 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lefever, R.

R. Lefever and T. Matsko, Mater. Res. Bull. 2, 865 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Lehto, N.

J. Mouzon, A. Maitre, L. Frisk, N. Lehto, and M. Odén, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, Y. Wu, Y. Pan, W. Liu, L. Huang, and J. Guo, Opt. Mater. 31, 6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

J. Li, Y. Wu, Y. Pan, W. Liu, L. Huang, and J. Guo, Opt. Mater. 31, 6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lojkowski, W.

R. Fedyk, D. Hreniak, W. Lojkowski, W. Strek, H. Matysiak, E. Grzanka, S. Gierlotka, and P. Mazur, Opt. Mater. 29, 1252 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Q.

L. Wen, X. Sun, Q. Lu, G. Xu, and X. Hu, Opt. Mater. 29, 239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maitre, A.

J. Mouzon, A. Maitre, L. Frisk, N. Lehto, and M. Odén, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matsko, T.

R. Lefever and T. Matsko, Mater. Res. Bull. 2, 865 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Matsuda, S.

N. Saito, S. Matsuda, and T. Ikegami, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81, 2023 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Matysiak, H.

R. Fedyk, D. Hreniak, W. Lojkowski, W. Strek, H. Matysiak, E. Grzanka, S. Gierlotka, and P. Mazur, Opt. Mater. 29, 1252 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, P.

R. Fedyk, D. Hreniak, W. Lojkowski, W. Strek, H. Matysiak, E. Grzanka, S. Gierlotka, and P. Mazur, Opt. Mater. 29, 1252 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mendelson, M.

M. Mendelson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52, 443 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Mouzon, J.

J. Mouzon, A. Maitre, L. Frisk, N. Lehto, and M. Odén, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nigara, Y.

Y. Nigara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 7, 404 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Numazawa, T.

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitami, T. Numazawa, and K. Ueda, Ceram. Int. 33, 711 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Odén, M.

J. Mouzon, A. Maitre, L. Frisk, N. Lehto, and M. Odén, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Y.

J. Li, Y. Wu, Y. Pan, W. Liu, L. Huang, and J. Guo, Opt. Mater. 31, 6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pazik, R.

R. Pazik, Opt. Mater. 30, 714 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rand, S.

T. Hinklin, S. Rand, and R. Laine, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 20, 1270 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Saito, N.

N. Saito, S. Matsuda, and T. Ikegami, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81, 2023 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Strek, W.

R. Fedyk, D. Hreniak, W. Lojkowski, W. Strek, H. Matysiak, E. Grzanka, S. Gierlotka, and P. Mazur, Opt. Mater. 29, 1252 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

L. Wen, X. Sun, Q. Lu, G. Xu, and X. Hu, Opt. Mater. 29, 239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Huang, X. Sun, Z. Xiu, S. Chen, and C. Tsai, Mater. Lett. 58, 2137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C.

Z. Huang, X. Sun, Z. Xiu, S. Chen, and C. Tsai, Mater. Lett. 58, 2137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitami, T. Numazawa, and K. Ueda, Ceram. Int. 33, 711 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

I. Chen and X. Wang, Nature 404, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, L.

L. Wen, X. Sun, Q. Lu, G. Xu, and X. Hu, Opt. Mater. 29, 239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

J. Li, Y. Wu, Y. Pan, W. Liu, L. Huang, and J. Guo, Opt. Mater. 31, 6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xiu, Z.

Z. Huang, X. Sun, Z. Xiu, S. Chen, and C. Tsai, Mater. Lett. 58, 2137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, G.

L. Wen, X. Sun, Q. Lu, G. Xu, and X. Hu, Opt. Mater. 29, 239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitami, T. Numazawa, and K. Ueda, Ceram. Int. 33, 711 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitami, T.

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitami, T. Numazawa, and K. Ueda, Ceram. Int. 33, 711 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.)

T. Hinklin, S. Rand, and R. Laine, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 20, 1270 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ceram. Int.

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitami, T. Numazawa, and K. Ueda, Ceram. Int. 33, 711 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

N. Saito, S. Matsuda, and T. Ikegami, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81, 2023 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Granger and C. Guizard, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90, 2698 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Mendelson, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52, 443 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.

J. Mouzon, A. Maitre, L. Frisk, N. Lehto, and M. Odén, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Eilers, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27, 4711 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Nigara, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 7, 404 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett.

Z. Huang, X. Sun, Z. Xiu, S. Chen, and C. Tsai, Mater. Lett. 58, 2137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull.

R. Lefever and T. Matsko, Mater. Res. Bull. 2, 865 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Nature

I. Chen and X. Wang, Nature 404, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater.

L. Wen, X. Sun, Q. Lu, G. Xu, and X. Hu, Opt. Mater. 29, 239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, Y. Wu, Y. Pan, W. Liu, L. Huang, and J. Guo, Opt. Mater. 31, 6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Fedyk, D. Hreniak, W. Lojkowski, W. Strek, H. Matysiak, E. Grzanka, S. Gierlotka, and P. Mazur, Opt. Mater. 29, 1252 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Pazik, Opt. Mater. 30, 714 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Photograph of polished, 1 - mm -thick transparent yttria ceramic. (b) Field-emission scanning electron microscope micrograph of the microstructure of the transparent yttria ceramic.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical transmission spectra of nanograined yttria, macrograined yttria, and yttria single crystal. The single-crystal curve was computed from the data provided in [14].

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