Abstract

In the optical tweezers technique a microdielectric object with a higher refractive index than a surrounding liquid is trapped near the focal point of a laser beam, whereas an object with a lower refractive index is subjected to a repulsive force from the focused beam. We demonstrate that the optical repulsive forces are generated with a focused-beam array dynamically formed by a computer-generated hologram displayed on a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator. We also demonstrate that the optical repulsive forces perform a size selection and flow control of hollow glass microspheres.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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M. Reicherter, T. Haist, E. U. Wagemann, and H. J. Tiziani, Opt. Lett. 24, 608 (1999).
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V. R. Daria, P. J. Rodrigo, and J. Glückstad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 323 (2004).
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R. L. Eriksen, P. C. Mogensen, and J. Glückstad, Opt. Lett. 27, 267 (2002).
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Golovchenko, J. A.

M. M. Burns, J.-M. Fournier, and J. A. Golovchenko, Science 249, 749 (1990).
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Grier, D. G.

K. Ladavac, K. Kasza, and D. G. Grier, Phys. Rev. E 70, 010901(R) (2004).
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Hara, T.

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[CrossRef]

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Y. Igasaki, F. Li, N. Yoshida, H. Toyoda, T. Inoue, N. Mukohzaka, Y. Kobayashi, and T. Hara, Opt. Rev. 6, 339 (1999).
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[CrossRef]

Nishida, N.

Y. Hayasaki, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, and N. Nishida, Opt. Rev. 6, 24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ogura, Y.

Paterson, L.

Prentice, P. A.

Reicherter, M.

Rodrigo, P. J.

V. R. Daria, P. J. Rodrigo, and J. Glückstad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 323 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Spalding, G. C.

Swartzlander, G. A.

Tanida, J.

Tiziani, H. J.

Toyoda, H.

Y. Igasaki, F. Li, N. Yoshida, H. Toyoda, T. Inoue, N. Mukohzaka, Y. Kobayashi, and T. Hara, Opt. Rev. 6, 339 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wagemann, E. U.

Yatagai, T.

Y. Hayasaki, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, and N. Nishida, Opt. Rev. 6, 24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, N.

Y. Igasaki, F. Li, N. Yoshida, H. Toyoda, T. Inoue, N. Mukohzaka, Y. Kobayashi, and T. Hara, Opt. Rev. 6, 339 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

V. R. Daria, P. J. Rodrigo, and J. Glückstad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 323 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, M. Koshioka, H. Misawa, N. Kitamura, and H. Masuhara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Biophys. J. (1)

A. Ashkin, Biophys. J. 61, 569 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, Nature 426, 421 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Rev. (2)

Y. Hayasaki, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, and N. Nishida, Opt. Rev. 6, 24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Igasaki, F. Li, N. Yoshida, H. Toyoda, T. Inoue, N. Mukohzaka, Y. Kobayashi, and T. Hara, Opt. Rev. 6, 339 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. T. Korda, G. C. Spalding, and D. G. Grier, Phys. Rev. B 66, 024504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

K. Ladavac, K. Kasza, and D. G. Grier, Phys. Rev. E 70, 010901(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

E. R. Dufresne and D. G. Grier, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1974 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. M. Burns, J.-M. Fournier, and J. A. Golovchenko, Science 249, 749 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: L, lens; M, mirror; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; SFF, spatial frequency filter; HL, halogen lamp; DM, dichroic mirror; BA, barrier filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Motion of a hollow glass microsphere caused by the optical repulsive force when using a (a) 1.25 and (b) 0.55 NA objective lens.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Separation of hollow glass microspheres with different diameters using a focused-beam array.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical repulsive force versus laser power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Guiding of a hollow glass microsphere using an inclined focused-beam array.

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