Abstract

We design and numerically simulate an on-chip photonic device that integrates both optical manipulation and detection functionalities for a single nanoparticle or macromolecule. A unique combination of a photonic crystal waveguide cavity and a nanoslot structure leads to a 1300 times enhancement of the optical gradient trapping force compared with a conventional waveguide trapping device. Numerical simulations indicate that the designed device is capable of stably trapping a single nanoparticle inside the nanoslot cavity, and thus provides an ideal platform for single particle detection and analysis using cavity-enhanced spectroscopic technologies.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009

V. Passaro, F. Dell'Ollio, C. Ciminelli, and M. N. Armenise, Sensors 9, 1012 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

A. Rahmani and P. C. Chaumet, Opt. Express 14, 6353 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 253114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2003

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

S. K. Mohanty, A. Rapp, S. Monajembashi, P. K. Gupta, and K. O. Greulich, Radiat. Res. 157, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
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Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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V. Passaro, F. Dell'Ollio, C. Ciminelli, and M. N. Armenise, Sensors 9, 1012 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
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Ashkin, A.

Barth, M.

M. Barth and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 253114 (2006).
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Benson, O.

M. Barth and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 253114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Chatelain, F.

Chaumet, P. C.

Chu, S.

Ciminelli, C.

V. Passaro, F. Dell'Ollio, C. Ciminelli, and M. N. Armenise, Sensors 9, 1012 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Colas, G.

Dell'Ollio, F.

V. Passaro, F. Dell'Ollio, C. Ciminelli, and M. N. Armenise, Sensors 9, 1012 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Derouard, J.

Dziedzic, J. M.

Erickson, D.

Fan, S.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fauchet, P.

Fedeli, J. M.

Ferrera, J.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Foresi, J. S.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, A.

Gaugiran, S.

Geti, S.

Greulich, K. O.

S. K. Mohanty, A. Rapp, S. Monajembashi, P. K. Gupta, and K. O. Greulich, Radiat. Res. 157, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gupta, P. K.

S. K. Mohanty, A. Rapp, S. Monajembashi, P. K. Gupta, and K. O. Greulich, Radiat. Res. 157, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

Kimerling, L. C.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.

Lipson, M.

Mohanty, S. K.

S. K. Mohanty, A. Rapp, S. Monajembashi, P. K. Gupta, and K. O. Greulich, Radiat. Res. 157, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monajembashi, S.

S. K. Mohanty, A. Rapp, S. Monajembashi, P. K. Gupta, and K. O. Greulich, Radiat. Res. 157, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Passaro, V.

V. Passaro, F. Dell'Ollio, C. Ciminelli, and M. N. Armenise, Sensors 9, 1012 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rahmani, A.

Rapp, A.

S. K. Mohanty, A. Rapp, S. Monajembashi, P. K. Gupta, and K. O. Greulich, Radiat. Res. 157, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, B. S.

Smith, H. I.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Song, B.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tani, T.

Thoen, E. R.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yang, A. H. J.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Barth and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 253114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, Nature 390, 143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Radiat. Res.

S. K. Mohanty, A. Rapp, S. Monajembashi, P. K. Gupta, and K. O. Greulich, Radiat. Res. 157, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sensors

V. Passaro, F. Dell'Ollio, C. Ciminelli, and M. N. Armenise, Sensors 9, 1012 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

After acceptance of this Letter, we learned that related work has been submitted by Sudeep Mandal, Xavier Serey, and David Erickson (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY), who are preparing a paper to be called “Nanomanipulation using silicon photonic crystal resonators.”

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of a nanoslot waveguide photonic crystal cavity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cavity Q factor and corresponding optical gradient force along the y axis in a waveguide, a waveguide PhC cavity, a waveguide PhC cavity with a taper only, and a waveguide PhC cavity with both a taper and a nanoslot.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

E x field distribution in the plane z = 0 , showing strong field confinement in the nanoslot.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Trapping potential well along the y axis normalized to kT. The dashed line indicates the criterion of stable trapping (trapping potential > 10 kT ). The potential is calculated by integrating the work done by the optical force on a nanoparticle with a refractive index of 1.59 and a radius of 10 nm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission spectra with a nanoparticle centered above the nanoslot. The high field concentration inside the nanoslot leads to the large 0.5 nm resonance spectral shift.

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