Abstract

The emission characteristics and the dynamics of laterally coupled diode lasers have been theoretically studied by many authors. However, little experimental work has been done on the locking and nonlinear dynamics of coupled lasers. An experimental characterization of the emission and dynamic characteristics is made by means of the spectrally resolved far field and of the relative intensity noise (RIN) spectrum. It was observed that by varying the bias conditions applied to the device it operates in: (1) locking (lasing both out-of-phase and in-phase lateral modes) or in (2) unlocking. Also it was found that, when the device is lateral locked, several nonlinear and chaotic operation regimes may occur and that the amplitude of the RIN spectrum is highly dependent on the locking conditions.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Botez, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Scifres, R. Bumham, and W. Streifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 1015 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. S. Scifres, R. D. Burnham, and W. Sreifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1030 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. A. Wilson, R. K. Defreez, and H. G. Winful, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1696 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Lamela, B. Roycroft, P. Acedo, R. Santos, and G. Carpintero, Opt. Lett. 27, 303 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Kapon, J. Katz, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 9, 125 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. K. Butler, D. E. Ackley, and D. Botez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 293 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. F. Welch, B. Chan, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 24, 113 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J.-M. Verdiell, H. Rajbenbach, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1466 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Th. Wolf, F. Kappeler, B. Stegmuller, and M. C. Amann, IEE Proc. J. 135, 5 (1988).
  11. G. Carpintero, R. Santos, and H. Lamela, Opt. Lett. 34, 1267 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. G. Winful and S. S. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1894 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. Hess and E. Scholl, Physica D 70, 165 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. F. Glova, Quantum Electron. 33, 283 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Santos and H. Lamela, Proc. SPIE 6889, 68890B (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. S. Jackson, N. Holonyak, Jr., D. C. Hall, J. E. Epler, R. D. Burnham, and T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 381 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, and T. B. Simpson, Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 575 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

R. Santos and H. Lamela, Proc. SPIE 6889, 68890B (2008).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. F. Glova, Quantum Electron. 33, 283 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, and T. B. Simpson, Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

O. Hess and E. Scholl, Physica D 70, 165 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

G. A. Wilson, R. K. Defreez, and H. G. Winful, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1696 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J.-M. Verdiell, H. Rajbenbach, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1466 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

Th. Wolf, F. Kappeler, B. Stegmuller, and M. C. Amann, IEE Proc. J. 135, 5 (1988).

H. G. Winful and S. S. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Welch, B. Chan, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 24, 113 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

G. S. Jackson, N. Holonyak, Jr., D. C. Hall, J. E. Epler, R. D. Burnham, and T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 381 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

E. Kapon, J. Katz, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 9, 125 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Butler, D. E. Ackley, and D. Botez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 293 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

D. S. Scifres, R. D. Burnham, and W. Sreifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1030 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

D. Scifres, R. Bumham, and W. Streifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 1015 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Acedo, P.

Ackley, D. E.

J. K. Butler, D. E. Ackley, and D. Botez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 293 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Alsing, P. M.

A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, and T. B. Simpson, Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

Th. Wolf, F. Kappeler, B. Stegmuller, and M. C. Amann, IEE Proc. J. 135, 5 (1988).

Botez, D.

J. K. Butler, D. E. Ackley, and D. Botez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 293 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Bumham, R.

D. Scifres, R. Bumham, and W. Streifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 1015 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, R. D.

G. S. Jackson, N. Holonyak, Jr., D. C. Hall, J. E. Epler, R. D. Burnham, and T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 381 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Scifres, R. D. Burnham, and W. Sreifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1030 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Butler, J. K.

J. K. Butler, D. E. Ackley, and D. Botez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 293 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Carpintero, G.

Chan, B.

D. F. Welch, B. Chan, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 24, 113 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Defreez, R. K.

G. A. Wilson, R. K. Defreez, and H. G. Winful, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1696 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Epler, J. E.

G. S. Jackson, N. Holonyak, Jr., D. C. Hall, J. E. Epler, R. D. Burnham, and T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 381 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Erneux, T.

A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, and T. B. Simpson, Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gavrielides, A.

A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, and T. B. Simpson, Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Glova, A. F.

A. F. Glova, Quantum Electron. 33, 283 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. C.

G. S. Jackson, N. Holonyak, Jr., D. C. Hall, J. E. Epler, R. D. Burnham, and T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 381 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hess, O.

O. Hess and E. Scholl, Physica D 70, 165 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Holonyak, N.

G. S. Jackson, N. Holonyak, Jr., D. C. Hall, J. E. Epler, R. D. Burnham, and T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 381 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. -P.

J.-M. Verdiell, H. Rajbenbach, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1466 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, G. S.

G. S. Jackson, N. Holonyak, Jr., D. C. Hall, J. E. Epler, R. D. Burnham, and T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 381 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kapon, E.

Kappeler, F.

Th. Wolf, F. Kappeler, B. Stegmuller, and M. C. Amann, IEE Proc. J. 135, 5 (1988).

Katz, J.

Kovanis, V.

A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, and T. B. Simpson, Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lamela, H.

Paoli, T. L.

G. S. Jackson, N. Holonyak, Jr., D. C. Hall, J. E. Epler, R. D. Burnham, and T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 381 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rajbenbach, H.

J.-M. Verdiell, H. Rajbenbach, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1466 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Roycroft, B.

Santos, R.

Scholl, E.

O. Hess and E. Scholl, Physica D 70, 165 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Scifres, D.

D. F. Welch, B. Chan, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 24, 113 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Scifres, R. Bumham, and W. Streifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 1015 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Scifres, D. S.

D. S. Scifres, R. D. Burnham, and W. Sreifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1030 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, T. B.

A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, and T. B. Simpson, Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sreifer, W.

D. S. Scifres, R. D. Burnham, and W. Sreifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1030 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Stegmuller, B.

Th. Wolf, F. Kappeler, B. Stegmuller, and M. C. Amann, IEE Proc. J. 135, 5 (1988).

Streifer, W.

D. F. Welch, B. Chan, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 24, 113 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Scifres, R. Bumham, and W. Streifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 1015 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Verdiell, J. -M.

J.-M. Verdiell, H. Rajbenbach, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1466 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. S.

H. G. Winful and S. S. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D. F.

D. F. Welch, B. Chan, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 24, 113 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, G. A.

G. A. Wilson, R. K. Defreez, and H. G. Winful, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1696 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

G. A. Wilson, R. K. Defreez, and H. G. Winful, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1696 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful and S. S. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, Th.

Th. Wolf, F. Kappeler, B. Stegmuller, and M. C. Amann, IEE Proc. J. 135, 5 (1988).

Yariv, A.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

D. Scifres, R. Bumham, and W. Streifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 1015 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Scifres, R. D. Burnham, and W. Sreifer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1030 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Butler, D. E. Ackley, and D. Botez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 293 (1984).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful and S. S. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1894 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. F. Welch, B. Chan, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, Electron. Lett. 24, 113 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. J. (1)

Th. Wolf, F. Kappeler, B. Stegmuller, and M. C. Amann, IEE Proc. J. 135, 5 (1988).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. A. Wilson, R. K. Defreez, and H. G. Winful, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1696 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J.-M. Verdiell, H. Rajbenbach, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1466 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Jackson, N. Holonyak, Jr., D. C. Hall, J. E. Epler, R. D. Burnham, and T. L. Paoli, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 381 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Physica D (1)

O. Hess and E. Scholl, Physica D 70, 165 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Santos and H. Lamela, Proc. SPIE 6889, 68890B (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. F. Glova, Quantum Electron. 33, 283 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. (1)

A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, and T. B. Simpson, Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. Botez, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SRFF (right) and RIN spectrum (left) in locking region. Bias applied to ridge 2 of 60 mA and to ridge 1 of (a) 30 mA, only out-of-phase lateral mode; (b) 33 mA, onset of the in-phase lateral mode; and (c) 36 mA both in-phase and out-of-phase lateral modes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SRFF (right) and RIN spectrum (left) in locking region with nonlinear regimes. Bias condition applied to ridge 2 of 60 mA and to ridge 1 of (a) 40 mA, period quadrupling, and (b) 42 mA, chaotic regime.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SRFF (right) and RIN spectrum (left) in the unlocking region. Bias condition applied to ridge 2 of 60 mA and to ridge 1 of 58 mA.

Metrics