Abstract

Emission-enhancing effects from a electrochemiluminescence (ECL) device of a 9,10-diphenylanthracene (DPA) dye solution containing a mixture of highly scattering TiO2 nanoparticles were observed. We confirmed experimentally that there exists an optimum quantity of the highly scattering TiO2 nanoparticles assisting the emission enhancement in the ECL device of the DPA solution.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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1999 (1)

S. C. Chang, Y. Yang, and Q. Pei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. Horiuchi, O. Niwa, and N. Hatakenaka, Nature 394, 659 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 33, 1797 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (4)

H. Taniguchi, M. Nishiya, S. Tanosaki, and H. Inaba, Opt. Lett. 21, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1864 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 32, 1484 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Genack and J. M. Drake, Nature 368, 400 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

Chang, S. C.

S. C. Chang, Y. Yang, and Q. Pei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Devaraj, B.

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 33, 1797 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 32, 1484 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Drake, J. M.

A. Z. Genack and J. M. Drake, Nature 368, 400 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Genack, A. Z.

A. Z. Genack and J. M. Drake, Nature 368, 400 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hatakenaka, N.

T. Horiuchi, O. Niwa, and N. Hatakenaka, Nature 394, 659 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Horiuchi, T.

T. Horiuchi, O. Niwa, and N. Hatakenaka, Nature 394, 659 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 33, 1797 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 32, 1484 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1864 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Taniguchi, M. Nishiya, S. Tanosaki, and H. Inaba, Opt. Lett. 21, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Long, M. B.

Nishiya, M.

Niwa, O.

T. Horiuchi, O. Niwa, and N. Hatakenaka, Nature 394, 659 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pei, Q.

S. C. Chang, Y. Yang, and Q. Pei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, H.

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 33, 1797 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 32, 1484 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1864 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Taniguchi, M. Nishiya, S. Tanosaki, and H. Inaba, Opt. Lett. 21, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanosaki, S.

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 33, 1797 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 32, 1484 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1864 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Taniguchi, M. Nishiya, S. Tanosaki, and H. Inaba, Opt. Lett. 21, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsujita, K.

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1864 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 32, 1484 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tzeng, H. M.

Wall, K. F.

Yang, Y.

S. C. Chang, Y. Yang, and Q. Pei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. C. Chang, Y. Yang, and Q. Pei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2081 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 32, 1484 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, B. Devaraj, and H. Inaba, Electron. Lett. 33, 1797 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1864 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

T. Horiuchi, O. Niwa, and N. Hatakenaka, Nature 394, 659 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Genack and J. M. Drake, Nature 368, 400 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Construction of ECL cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission spectra from neat (without scatterers) DPA ECL with different applied voltage Va. Background level is offset for easy comparison. Inset, emission peak intensity–Va characteristics. C = 5 × 10 3 mol l , d = 2.5 μ m , Va = 5 (a), 10 (b), 15 (c), 20 (d), and 25 V (e).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of ECL emission intensity. (a) Neat and (b) with scatterers, N c = 10 13 ml , DPA–DMF ECLs. C = 5 × 10 3 mol l , Va = 20 V , and d = 2.5 μ m .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Visual comparison of ECL emission. (a) Neat and (b) with scatterers, N c = 10 13 ml , DPA–DMF ECLs. C = 5 × 10 3 mol l , Va = 20 V , and d = 2.5 μ m .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of ECL emission-intensity with scatterers: solid circles, C = 5 × 10 3 mol l ; solid squares, C = 10 2 mol l , DPA–DMF ECLs. Va = 20 V and d = 2.5 μ m . Horizontal dotted lines correspond to the intensity from the neat (without Ti O 2 nanoparticles) ECL.

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