Abstract

The bandwidth and performance of optical phase-lock loops (OPLLs) using single-section semiconductor lasers (SCLs) are severely limited by the nonuniform frequency modulation response of the lasers. It is demonstrated that this restriction is eliminated by the sideband locking of a single-section distributed-feedback SCL to a master laser in a heterodyne OPLL, thus enabling a delay-limited loop bandwidth. The lineshape of the phase-locked SCL output is characterized using a delayed self-heterodyne measurement.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Ramos and A. Seeds, Electron. Lett. 26, 389 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, and L. A. Johansson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPB3.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. D. R. Stephens, Phase-Locked Loops for Wireless Communications: Digital and Analog Implementation (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998), Chap. 12.
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

1999 (1)

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. Seeds, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1217 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. Corrc, O. Girad, and I. F. de Faria, Jr., IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2485 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

R. Ramos and A. Seeds, Electron. Lett. 26, 389 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. Steele, Electron. Lett. 19, 69 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Barros, D. J. F.

Bhardwaj, A.

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, and L. A. Johansson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPB3.

Bordonalli, A.

A. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. Seeds, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1217 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, and L. A. Johansson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPB3.

Corrc, P.

P. Corrc, O. Girad, and I. F. de Faria, Jr., IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2485 (1994).
[CrossRef]

de Faria, I. F.

P. Corrc, O. Girad, and I. F. de Faria, Jr., IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2485 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Edge, C.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elkin, M.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, F.

F. Gardner, Phaselock Techniques, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2005).
[CrossRef]

Girad, O.

P. Corrc, O. Girad, and I. F. de Faria, Jr., IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2485 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gliese, U.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ip, E.

Johansson, L. A.

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, and L. A. Johansson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPB3.

Kahn, J. M.

Kewitsch, A.

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Langley, L.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lau, A. P. T.

Liang, W.

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rakuljic, G.

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, R.

R. Ramos and A. Seeds, Electron. Lett. 26, 389 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ristic, S.

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, and L. A. Johansson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPB3.

Rodwell, M. J.

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, and L. A. Johansson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPB3.

Satyan, N.

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. Seeds, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1217 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Ramos and A. Seeds, Electron. Lett. 26, 389 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Steele, R.

R. Steele, Electron. Lett. 19, 69 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Stephens, D. R.

D. R. Stephens, Phase-Locked Loops for Wireless Communications: Digital and Analog Implementation (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998), Chap. 12.
[CrossRef]

Wale, M.

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Walton, C.

A. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. Seeds, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1217 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

R. Ramos and A. Seeds, Electron. Lett. 26, 389 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Steele, Electron. Lett. 19, 69 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. Corrc, O. Girad, and I. F. de Faria, Jr., IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2485 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. Satyan, W. Liang, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 240 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. Seeds, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1217 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

L. Langley, M. Elkin, C. Edge, M. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, and A. Seeds, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 1257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (3)

D. R. Stephens, Phase-Locked Loops for Wireless Communications: Digital and Analog Implementation (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998), Chap. 12.
[CrossRef]

F. Gardner, Phaselock Techniques, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, and L. A. Johansson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPB3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a heterodyne OPLL. The optical path is denoted by thick lines.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of a heterodyne sideband-locked OPLL.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured FM response of the DFB SCL.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Beat spectrum between the locked sideband and the master laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Lineshape measurements using a delayed self-heterodyne interferometer with a frequency shift of 290 MHz .

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G ( ω ) = K F FM SCL ( ω ) F f ( ω ) F PD ( ω ) F M ( ω ) e j ω τ d j ω ,
P n = | J n ( | F FM SCL ( ω V ) | A V ω V ) | 2 ,
G 1 ( ω ) = K 1 F FM VCO ( ω ) F f ( ω ) F PD ( ω ) F M ( ω ) e j ω τ d j ω ,
F f ( ω ) = ( 1 + j ω τ z 1 ) ( 1 + j ω τ z 2 ) ( 1 + j ω τ p 1 ) ( 1 + j ω τ p 2 )

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