Abstract

It is shown that nonsingular light beams can generate singular birefringent patterns in homogeneous birefringent elastic media. These orientational defects of the optical-axis spatial distribution originate from an optical torque driven by a nonzero longitudinal field component. Singular radial and spin-dependent azimuthal light-induced elastic distortion patterns are described and experimentally observed in a uniform liquid-crystal film in the course of a focused circularly polarized Gaussian beam.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  7. A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 251, 306 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (5)

I. Jánossy, Opt. Lett. 33, 2371 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Brasselet, N. Murazawa, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. E 77, 041704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Nieminen, A. B. Stilgoe, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. McEldowney, D. M. Shemo, R. A. Chipman, and P. K. Smith, Opt. Lett. 33, 134 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

Y. Zhao, J. S. Edgar, G. D. M. Jeffries, D. McGloin, and D. T. Chiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 073901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

Z. Bomzon, M. Gu, and J. Shamir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Schwartz and A. Dogariu, Opt. Express 14, 8425 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 251, 306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2001 (1)

1992 (1)

V. S. Liberman and B. Y. Zeldovich, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5199 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

N. V. Tabiryan, A. V. Sukhov, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 136, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, S. M. Barnet, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (IoP Publishing, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Barnet, S. M.

L. Allen, S. M. Barnet, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (IoP Publishing, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Biener, G.

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 251, 306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bomzon, Z.

Z. Bomzon, M. Gu, and J. Shamir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brasselet, E.

Chipman, R. A.

Chiu, D. T.

Y. Zhao, J. S. Edgar, G. D. M. Jeffries, D. McGloin, and D. T. Chiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 073901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ciattoni, A.

Cincotti, G.

Crosignani, B.

Desyatnikov, A. S.

Di Porto, P.

Dogariu, A.

Edgar, J. S.

Y. Zhao, J. S. Edgar, G. D. M. Jeffries, D. McGloin, and D. T. Chiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 073901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fadeyeva, T.

A. Volyar and T. Fadeyeva, Opt. Spectrosc. 94, 235 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetski, Y.

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, M.

Z. Bomzon, M. Gu, and J. Shamir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hasman, E.

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 251, 306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heckenberg, N. R.

T. A. Nieminen, A. B. Stilgoe, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Izdebskaya, Y.

Jánossy, I.

Jeffries, G. D. M.

Y. Zhao, J. S. Edgar, G. D. M. Jeffries, D. McGloin, and D. T. Chiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 073901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Juodkazis, S.

E. Brasselet, N. Murazawa, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. E 77, 041704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Kleiner, V.

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 251, 306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

Liberman, V. S.

V. S. Liberman and B. Y. Zeldovich, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5199 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, Y.-H.

H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marrucci, L.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McEldowney, S. C.

McGloin, D.

Y. Zhao, J. S. Edgar, G. D. M. Jeffries, D. McGloin, and D. T. Chiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 073901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Misawa, H.

E. Brasselet, N. Murazawa, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. E 77, 041704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Murazawa, N.

E. Brasselet, N. Murazawa, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. E 77, 041704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nieminen, T. A.

T. A. Nieminen, A. B. Stilgoe, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Niv, A.

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 251, 306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

L. Allen, S. M. Barnet, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (IoP Publishing, 2003).
[CrossRef]

Palma, C.

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, H.

H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

T. A. Nieminen, A. B. Stilgoe, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, C.

Shamir, J.

Z. Bomzon, M. Gu, and J. Shamir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shemo, D. M.

Shvedov, V.

Smith, P. K.

Stilgoe, A. B.

T. A. Nieminen, A. B. Stilgoe, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sukhov, A. V.

N. V. Tabiryan, A. V. Sukhov, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 136, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tabiryan, N. V.

N. V. Tabiryan, A. V. Sukhov, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 136, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Volyar, A.

A. Volyar and T. Fadeyeva, Opt. Spectrosc. 94, 235 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ya. Zel'dovich, B.

N. V. Tabiryan, A. V. Sukhov, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 136, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Zeldovich, B. Y.

V. S. Liberman and B. Y. Zeldovich, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5199 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, J. S. Edgar, G. D. M. Jeffries, D. McGloin, and D. T. Chiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 073901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bomzon, M. Gu, and J. Shamir, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

T. A. Nieminen, A. B. Stilgoe, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 115005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

N. V. Tabiryan, A. V. Sukhov, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 136, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Commun. 251, 306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

A. Volyar and T. Fadeyeva, Opt. Spectrosc. 94, 235 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

V. S. Liberman and B. Y. Zeldovich, Phys. Rev. A 46, 5199 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

E. Brasselet, N. Murazawa, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Phys. Rev. E 77, 041704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

Y. Zhao, J. S. Edgar, G. D. M. Jeffries, D. McGloin, and D. T. Chiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 073901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

L. Allen, S. M. Barnet, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (IoP Publishing, 2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration of the radial and azimuthal components of the optical dielectric torque density exerted on a c-cut optically uniaxial medium (optical axis along z).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Light-induced elastic distortion patterns: (a) Total amplitude, and (b) total, (c) radial, and (d) azimuthal transverse patterns at z = L 2 (see text for details).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup: BS, beam splitter; O i , microscope objectives; NLC, nematic liquid crystal; F i , interference filters; QWP, quarter-wave plate; PBS, polarization beam splitter; P, polarizer. Inset, spiraling fringe patterns (see text for details).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) c ± components of the output pump beam associated with l = 0 , 2 . (b) Dislocation ring diameter of the l = 0 output pump beam component versus input power. (c) Output probe beam for c ± incident pump beam. Inset, angle θ d associated with the first dislocation ring versus power.

Equations (8)

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Γ ϵ a E z * ( E ϕ e r + E r e ϕ ) + c.c. ,
δ n = δ n r e r + δ n ϕ e ϕ
E ± = E 0 G [ cos Δ c ± + i sin Δ e ± 2 i ϕ c r Z 2 e ± i ϕ e z ] ,
δ n α ( r , z ) = r w 0 exp ( 2 r 2 w 0 2 ) m A α ( m ) sin ( m q z ) .
M n n = π L ̃ 32 ( 8 + q ̃ 2 θ 0 2 ) 4 ϵ P ̃ 0 L ̃ f ( z ̃ ) × [ L 3 , 3 + ( 1 ) n ϵ 4 ̃ z 2 ( 1 + z ̃ 2 ) 2 L 5 , 3 ] d z ̃ ,
M 12 = M 21 = 8 ϵ 2 P ̃ 0 L ̃ g ( z ̃ ) L 5 , 3 d z ̃ ,
V 1 = 4 ϵ θ 0 P ̃ 0 L ̃ h ( z ̃ ) [ z ̃ L 3 , 2 ϵ z ̃ 1 + z ̃ 2 L 5 , 2 ] d z ̃ ,
V 2 = 4 ϵ θ 0 P ̃ 0 L ̃ h ( z ̃ ) [ L 3 , 2 + ϵ z ̃ 2 1 + z ̃ 2 L 5 , 2 ] d z ̃ ,

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