Abstract

We describe a cw Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr2+:ZnSe laser pumped by a 1800 nm thulium fiber laser. The astigmatically compensated asymmetric x cavity contained a 2.4-mm-long Cr2+:ZnSe sample with a pump absorption coefficient of 11.6cm1 and was operated with a 1% output coupler. The dispersion compensation was achieved by using a MgF2 prism pair. During Kerr-lens mode-locked operation, we could generate 95 fs pulses at a pulse repetition rate of 94.3 MHz and with 40 mW of output power. The center wavelength of the pulses was 2420 nm. The pulses had a spectral width of 69 nm and a time–bandwidth product of 0.335, which is close to the transform limit for hyperbolic secant pulses.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar'kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, Quantum Electron. 38, 1113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Moskalev, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, Opt. Express 16, 4145 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

A. Sennaroglu, U. Demirbas, A. Kurt, and M. Somer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 823 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2000

1999

1997

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987

Alford, W. J.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brilliant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (2005).

Bass, M.

M. Bass, Handbook of Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1994), Vol. 2.

Becker, P. C.

Brilliant, N. A.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brilliant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (2005).

Burger, A.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. Ndap, X. Ma, and A. Burger, Opt. Lett. 24, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carrig, T.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, and T. Carrig, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CM22.

Carrig, T. J.

T. J. Carrig, G. J. Wagner, A. Sennaroglu, J. Y. Jeong, and C. R. Pollock, Opt. Lett. 25, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. Ndap, X. Ma, and A. Burger, Opt. Lett. 24, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, T. J. Carrig, and K. I. Scaffers, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper TuA4.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brilliant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (2005).

Chen, K. -T.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, C. H. B.

DeLoach, L. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Demirbas, U.

A. Sennaroglu, U. Demirbas, A. Kurt, and M. Somer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 823 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. Demirbas and A. Sennaroglu, Opt. Lett. 31, 2293 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedorov, V. V.

Fork, R. L.

Frolov, M. P.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar'kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, Quantum Electron. 38, 1113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, A.

Gwin, D.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brilliant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (2005).

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Heroux, J. B.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brilliant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (2005).

Jeong, J. Y.

Kartner, F. X.

Kelly, S. M. J.

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Korostelin, Yu. V.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar'kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, Quantum Electron. 38, 1113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, V. I.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar'kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, Quantum Electron. 38, 1113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kurt, A.

A. Sennaroglu, U. Demirbas, A. Kurt, and M. Somer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 823 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Landman, A. I.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar'kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, Quantum Electron. 38, 1113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X.

Meyer, J. R.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brilliant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (2005).

Mirov, S. B.

Moskalev, I. S.

Ndap, J.

Page, R. H.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. Ndap, X. Ma, and A. Burger, Opt. Lett. 24, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Patel, F. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Podmar'kov, Yu. P.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar'kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, Quantum Electron. 38, 1113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pollock, C. R.

T. J. Carrig, G. J. Wagner, A. Sennaroglu, J. Y. Jeong, and C. R. Pollock, Opt. Lett. 25, 168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brilliant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (2005).

Scaffers, K. I.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, T. J. Carrig, and K. I. Scaffers, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper TuA4.

Schaffers, K. I.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. Ndap, X. Ma, and A. Burger, Opt. Lett. 24, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sennaroglu, A.

Shank, C. V.

Skasyrsky, Ya. K.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar'kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, Quantum Electron. 38, 1113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Somer, M.

A. Sennaroglu, U. Demirbas, A. Kurt, and M. Somer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 823 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, and T. Carrig, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CM22.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, T. J. Carrig, and K. I. Scaffers, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper TuA4.

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, T. J. Carrig, and K. I. Scaffers, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper TuA4.

I. T. Sorokina and K. L. Vodopyanov, Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources (Springer, 2003), Vol. 89.
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, and T. Carrig, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CM22.

Tassano, J. B.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

I. T. Sorokina and K. L. Vodopyanov, Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources (Springer, 2003), Vol. 89.
[CrossRef]

Voronov, A. A.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar'kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, Quantum Electron. 38, 1113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vurgaftman, I.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brilliant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (2005).

Wagner, G. J.

Wang, W. I.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brilliant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (2005).

Wilke, G. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

S. M. J. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 885 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, Jr., S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Sennaroglu, U. Demirbas, A. Kurt, and M. Somer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 823 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Quantum Electron.

A. A. Voronov, V. I. Kozlovsky, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, Yu. P. Podmar'kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and M. P. Frolov, Quantum Electron. 38, 1113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Bass, Handbook of Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1994), Vol. 2.

C. R. Pollock, N. A. Brilliant, D. Gwin, T. J. Carrig, W. J. Alford, J. B. Heroux, W. I. Wang, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (2005).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, and T. Carrig, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CM22.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, T. J. Carrig, and K. I. Scaffers, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper TuA4.

I. T. Sorokina and K. L. Vodopyanov, Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources (Springer, 2003), Vol. 89.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup: L1, focusing lens; M1 and M2, curved high reflectors with R = 10   cm ; P1 and P2, MgF 2 prisms; OC, output coupler; HR, high reflector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation in the output power as a function of the incident pump power for three configurations: (1) with 1% OC, (2) with 6% OCr, and (3) with 1% OC and MgF 2 prism pair.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Autocorrelation trace of the femtosecond pulses recorded with no averaging. The pulse width was measured to be 95 fs by assuming a sech 2 pulse profile. (b) Spectrum of the mode-locked pulses and the calculated variation in the cavity dispersion over the same spectral range. The spectral width of the pulses was measured to be 69 nm.

Equations (2)

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τ = 4 | D | W δ .
δ = 2 π λ n 2 L A eff .

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