Abstract

We demonstrate distribution of a 2850MHz rf signal over stabilized optical fiber links. For a 2.2km link we measure an rms drift of 19.4fs over 60h, and for a 200m link an rms drift of 8.4fs over 20h. The rf signals are transmitted as amplitude modulation on a continuous optical carrier. Variations in the delay length are sensed using heterodyne interferometry and used to correct the rf phase. The system uses standard fiber telecommunications components.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (4)

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Williams, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1284 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kiuchi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 56, 1493 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

1998 (1)

Amy-Klein, A.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

Arie, A.

Bergquist, J. C.

Bize, S.

Bruner, A.

Byrd, J. M.

J. W. Staples, J. M. Byrd, L. Doolittle, G. Huang, and R. Wilcox, in Proceedings of the 2008 Linear Accelerator Conference, M.Comryn, ed. (IEEE, 2008).

Byun, H.

F. X. Kartner, H. Byun, J. Chen, F. J. Grawert, F. O. Ilday, J. Kim, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, C.Horak, ed. (IEEE, 2005).

Chardonnet, Ch.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kartner, H. Byun, J. Chen, F. J. Grawert, F. O. Ilday, J. Kim, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, C.Horak, ed. (IEEE, 2005).

Cox, J. A.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

Daussy, C.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

Doolittle, L.

J. W. Staples, J. M. Byrd, L. Doolittle, G. Huang, and R. Wilcox, in Proceedings of the 2008 Linear Accelerator Conference, M.Comryn, ed. (IEEE, 2008).

Fejer, M. M.

Foreman, S. M.

Grawert, F. J.

F. X. Kartner, H. Byun, J. Chen, F. J. Grawert, F. O. Ilday, J. Kim, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, C.Horak, ed. (IEEE, 2005).

Hall, J. L.

Holberg, L. W.

Holman, K. W.

Huang, G.

J. W. Staples, J. M. Byrd, L. Doolittle, G. Huang, and R. Wilcox, in Proceedings of the 2008 Linear Accelerator Conference, M.Comryn, ed. (IEEE, 2008).

Hudson, D. D.

Ilday, F. O.

F. X. Kartner, H. Byun, J. Chen, F. J. Grawert, F. O. Ilday, J. Kim, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, C.Horak, ed. (IEEE, 2005).

Jason-Jones, R.

Jones, D. J.

Kartner, F. X.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kartner, H. Byun, J. Chen, F. J. Grawert, F. O. Ilday, J. Kim, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, C.Horak, ed. (IEEE, 2005).

Kim, J.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kartner, H. Byun, J. Chen, F. J. Grawert, F. O. Ilday, J. Kim, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, C.Horak, ed. (IEEE, 2005).

Kiryuschev, I.

Kitching, J.

Kiuchi, H.

H. Kiuchi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 56, 1493 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, O.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lours, M.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L. S.

Mahal, V.

Masuda, S.

Narbonneau, F.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

Niki, S.

Pellegrini, C.

C. Pellegrini, inProceedings of the 10th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC'06), Edinburgh, Scotland, June 26-30, 2006.

Peng, J.-L.

Robertsson, L.

Santarelli, G.

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seki, A.

Staples, J. W.

J. W. Staples, J. M. Byrd, L. Doolittle, G. Huang, and R. Wilcox, in Proceedings of the 2008 Linear Accelerator Conference, M.Comryn, ed. (IEEE, 2008).

Swann, W. C.

Wilcox, R.

J. W. Staples, J. M. Byrd, L. Doolittle, G. Huang, and R. Wilcox, in Proceedings of the 2008 Linear Accelerator Conference, M.Comryn, ed. (IEEE, 2008).

Williams, P. A.

Winter, A.

F. X. Kartner, H. Byun, J. Chen, F. J. Grawert, F. O. Ilday, J. Kim, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, C.Horak, ed. (IEEE, 2005).

Ye, J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

H. Kiuchi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 56, 1493 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

C. Pellegrini, inProceedings of the 10th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC'06), Edinburgh, Scotland, June 26-30, 2006.

J. W. Staples, J. M. Byrd, L. Doolittle, G. Huang, and R. Wilcox, in Proceedings of the 2008 Linear Accelerator Conference, M.Comryn, ed. (IEEE, 2008).

F. X. Kartner, H. Byun, J. Chen, F. J. Grawert, F. O. Ilday, J. Kim, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, C.Horak, ed. (IEEE, 2005).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic layout of a single-channel rf transmission over an optical link. The rf frequency is 2850 MHz . AM, amplitude modulator; FRM, Faraday rotator mirror; FS, optical frequency shifter. Dotted rectangles indicate components temperature controlled to ± 0.01 ° C .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dual-channel transmission experiment. The frequency is 2850 MHz .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative drift of a 2850 MHz signal transmitted over a long and short ( 2 m ) fiber. (a) 2.2 - km -long fiber. The relative time difference has an rms deviation of 19.4 fsec over 60 h . The relative time difference (/1000) without the correction is also shown. (b) A 200 m fiber has an 8.4 fsec rms deviation over 20   h .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Allan deviation of the relative timing of a 2 m and a 2.2 km link. Dotted line, uncorrected rf delay. Solid line, corrected rf delay.

Equations (4)

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E long = cos ( ω op ( t t 1 t 1 t 2 ) + 2 ( ω FS ( t t 1 t 2 ) + ϕ FS ) ) ,
E short = cos ( ω op ( t t 2 ) ) ,
ϕ det = 2 ω op t 1 2 ω FS ( t 1 + t 2 ) + 2 ϕ FS .
ϕ rf ̱ out ( t ) = ω rf t ω rf t 1 + ω rf ω op ϕ FS k group ̱ phase .

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