Abstract

A waveguide structure capable of aggressive bends (r00) and long-range propagation (1.2dBmm) is described here. The structure uses a step-index slab to create the vertical confinement and a pair of metallic parallel plates on either side of the core for lateral confinement. The parallel plates are dimensioned to ensure that all modes that would cause radiation loss in a bend are cut off.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

A. Degiron, S. Y. Cho, C. Harrison, N. M. Jokerst, C. Dellagiacoma, O. J. F. Martin, and D. R. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

T. Yoneyama, H. Sawada, and T. Shimizu, IEICE Trans. Electron. E90C, 2170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

2005 (2)

F. Kusunoki, T. Yotsuya, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Veronis and S. H. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

2000 (2)

1996 (1)

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

T. Yoneyama and S. Nishida, Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 4, 439 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

T. Yoneyama and S. Nishida, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 29, 1188 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).

Ahmad, R. U.

Akiyama, S.

Baba, T.

A. Sakai, G. Hara, and T. Baba, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 40, L383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breukelaar, I.

Charbonneau, R.

Chen, C.

Chen, J. C.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, S. Y.

A. Degiron, S. Y. Cho, C. Harrison, N. M. Jokerst, C. Dellagiacoma, O. J. F. Martin, and D. R. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

A. Degiron, S. Y. Cho, C. Harrison, N. M. Jokerst, C. Dellagiacoma, O. J. F. Martin, and D. R. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dellagiacoma, C.

A. Degiron, S. Y. Cho, C. Harrison, N. M. Jokerst, C. Dellagiacoma, O. J. F. Martin, and D. R. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Espinola, R. L.

Fafard, S.

Fan, S.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S. H.

G. Veronis and S. H. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Feng, D. Z.

Gramotnev, D. K.

Hara, G.

A. Sakai, G. Hara, and T. Baba, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 40, L383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, C.

A. Degiron, S. Y. Cho, C. Harrison, N. M. Jokerst, C. Dellagiacoma, O. J. F. Martin, and D. R. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jokerst, N. M.

A. Degiron, S. Y. Cho, C. Harrison, N. M. Jokerst, C. Dellagiacoma, O. J. F. Martin, and D. R. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

F. Kusunoki, T. Yotsuya, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krasavin, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurland, I.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kusunoki, F.

F. Kusunoki, T. Yotsuya, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lahoud, N.

Laluet, J. Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, J.

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).

Martin, O. J. F.

A. Degiron, S. Y. Cho, C. Harrison, N. M. Jokerst, C. Dellagiacoma, O. J. F. Martin, and D. R. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mattiussi, G.

Mekis, A.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michel, J.

Nishida, S.

T. Yoneyama and S. Nishida, Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 4, 439 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoneyama and S. Nishida, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 29, 1188 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Pile, D. F. P.

Pizzuto, F.

Popovic, M.

Sakai, A.

A. Sakai, G. Hara, and T. Baba, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 40, L383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sawada, H.

T. Yoneyama, H. Sawada, and T. Shimizu, IEICE Trans. Electron. E90C, 2170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scales, C.

Shimizu, T.

T. Yoneyama, H. Sawada, and T. Shimizu, IEICE Trans. Electron. E90C, 2170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

A. Degiron, S. Y. Cho, C. Harrison, N. M. Jokerst, C. Dellagiacoma, O. J. F. Martin, and D. R. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

Takahara, J.

F. Kusunoki, T. Yotsuya, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanev, S.

Tzolov, V. P.

Veronis, G.

G. Veronis and S. H. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wada, K.

Yoneyama, T.

T. Yoneyama, H. Sawada, and T. Shimizu, IEICE Trans. Electron. E90C, 2170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoneyama and S. Nishida, Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 4, 439 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoneyama and S. Nishida, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 29, 1188 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Yotsuya, T.

F. Kusunoki, T. Yotsuya, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

G. Veronis and S. H. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Kusunoki, T. Yotsuya, J. Takahara, and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

T. Yoneyama and S. Nishida, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 29, 1188 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

T. Yoneyama, H. Sawada, and T. Shimizu, IEICE Trans. Electron. E90C, 2170 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves (1)

T. Yoneyama and S. Nishida, Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 4, 439 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 (1)

A. Sakai, G. Hara, and T. Baba, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 40, L383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 440, 508 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Degiron, S. Y. Cho, C. Harrison, N. M. Jokerst, C. Dellagiacoma, O. J. F. Martin, and D. R. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 77, 021804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. Berini, Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

COMSOL, Electromagnetic Module (2005). V3.2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Cross-sectional view of the NRD waveguide, along with the metallo-dielectric waveguide (MDW) design shown in (b) cross-sectional view, (c) top view with an arbitrary radius of curvature r 0 , and (d) top view for r 0 = 0 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Effective index as a function of core thickness s for two 1D slab waveguides. The slab waveguide represented by the solid curves is made up of n 2 n 1 n 2 , region I in Fig. 1b, while the dashed–dotted curves represent an Au n 1 Au parallel plate waveguide, region II in Fig. 1b (the n 2 and Au layers extend to infinity). The (a) TE and (b) TM modes are shown here.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

E 11 ρ mode fields with the waveguide outline drawn in white. (a) Main TE field E ρ for a straight waveguide ( s = 300 nm , r 0 = ). (b) E ρ and (c) E z for a bent waveguide ( s = 300 nm , r 0 = 400 nm ) having s such that all parallel plate modes are cut off, except the s b 0 mode. (d) E ρ and (e) E z for a bent waveguide ( s = 500 nm , r 0 = 5.15 μ m ) with s chosen such that the a b 0 and s b 1 modes are not cut off. w = 1.7 μ m and t = 100 nm for all.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Insertion loss through a 90° bend and (b) effective index, Re { n eff } , as a function of the radius of curvature, r 0 . The dashed and solid curves represent MDW with different core thicknesses s, and the dashed-dotted curve represents a rectangular dielectric waveguide with thickness s and width w, for comparison.

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