Abstract

An unusual concept for a simple and inexpensive terahertz source is presented: unpeeling adhesive tape. The observed spectrum of this terahertz radiation exhibits a peak at 2THz and a broader peak at 18THz. The radiation is not polarized. The mechanism of terahertz radiation is tribocharging of the adhesive tape and subsequent discharge, possibly bremsstrahlung with absorption or energy density focusing during the dielectric breakdown of a gas. The accompanying optical emission is also a consequence of tribocharging.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Ferguson and X. C. Zhang, Nature Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. H. Siegel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 910 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, Nature 432, 376 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Kröll, J. Darmo, S. S. Dhillon, X. Marcadet, M. Calligaro, C. Sirtori, and K. Unterrainer, Nature 449, 698 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. E. Harvey, Science 89, 460 (1939).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. V. Karasev, N. A. Krotova, and B. W. Deryagin, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 88, 777 (1953).
  8. A. J. Walton, Adv. Phys. 26, 887 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Zhenyi, J. Fan, and J. T. Dickinson, J. Adhes. 25, 63 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. G. Camara, J. V. Escobar, J. R. Hird, and S. J. Putterman, Nature 455, 1089 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. L. Smith, R. Mendis, R. E. M. Vickers, and R. A. Lewis, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 063109 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. S. McCarty and G. M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 47, 2188 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. R. Harper, Contact and Frictional Electrification (Clarendon, 1967).
  14. H. A. Mizes, E. M. Conwell, and D. P. Salamida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1597 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  15. V. G. Molinari, D. Mostacci, F. Rocchi, and M. Sumini, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 457 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. B. Gelfreikh, in Solar and Space Weather Radiophysics, D.E.Gary, and C.U.Keller, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 2004), Vol. 9, Chap. 6.
  17. H. Riege, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 340, 80 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. B. Rosenblum, P. Bräunlich, and J. P. Carrico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 17 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. J. Puttermann and K. R. Weninger, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 32, 445 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. L. Smith, R. Mendis, R. E. M. Vickers, and R. A. Lewis, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 063109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

L. S. McCarty and G. M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 47, 2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Camara, J. V. Escobar, J. R. Hird, and S. J. Putterman, Nature 455, 1089 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. Kröll, J. Darmo, S. S. Dhillon, X. Marcadet, M. Calligaro, C. Sirtori, and K. Unterrainer, Nature 449, 698 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, Nature 432, 376 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Molinari, D. Mostacci, F. Rocchi, and M. Sumini, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Ferguson and X. C. Zhang, Nature Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Siegel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 910 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. J. Puttermann and K. R. Weninger, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 32, 445 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

H. Riege, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 340, 80 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

H. A. Mizes, E. M. Conwell, and D. P. Salamida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1597 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

M. Zhenyi, J. Fan, and J. T. Dickinson, J. Adhes. 25, 63 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

A. J. Walton, Adv. Phys. 26, 887 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

B. Rosenblum, P. Bräunlich, and J. P. Carrico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 17 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

V. V. Karasev, N. A. Krotova, and B. W. Deryagin, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 88, 777 (1953).

1939 (1)

N. E. Harvey, Science 89, 460 (1939).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beere, H. E.

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Beltram, F.

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bräunlich, P.

B. Rosenblum, P. Bräunlich, and J. P. Carrico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 17 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Calligaro, M.

J. Kröll, J. Darmo, S. S. Dhillon, X. Marcadet, M. Calligaro, C. Sirtori, and K. Unterrainer, Nature 449, 698 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Camara, C. G.

C. G. Camara, J. V. Escobar, J. R. Hird, and S. J. Putterman, Nature 455, 1089 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carrico, J. P.

B. Rosenblum, P. Bräunlich, and J. P. Carrico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 17 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Conwell, E. M.

H. A. Mizes, E. M. Conwell, and D. P. Salamida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1597 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Darmo, J.

J. Kröll, J. Darmo, S. S. Dhillon, X. Marcadet, M. Calligaro, C. Sirtori, and K. Unterrainer, Nature 449, 698 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davies, A. G.

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Deryagin, B. W.

V. V. Karasev, N. A. Krotova, and B. W. Deryagin, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 88, 777 (1953).

Dhillon, S. S.

J. Kröll, J. Darmo, S. S. Dhillon, X. Marcadet, M. Calligaro, C. Sirtori, and K. Unterrainer, Nature 449, 698 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dickinson, J. T.

M. Zhenyi, J. Fan, and J. T. Dickinson, J. Adhes. 25, 63 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Escobar, J. V.

C. G. Camara, J. V. Escobar, J. R. Hird, and S. J. Putterman, Nature 455, 1089 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J.

M. Zhenyi, J. Fan, and J. T. Dickinson, J. Adhes. 25, 63 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, B.

B. Ferguson and X. C. Zhang, Nature Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gelfreikh, G. B.

G. B. Gelfreikh, in Solar and Space Weather Radiophysics, D.E.Gary, and C.U.Keller, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 2004), Vol. 9, Chap. 6.

Harper, W. R.

W. R. Harper, Contact and Frictional Electrification (Clarendon, 1967).

Harvey, N. E.

N. E. Harvey, Science 89, 460 (1939).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hird, J. R.

C. G. Camara, J. V. Escobar, J. R. Hird, and S. J. Putterman, Nature 455, 1089 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Iotti, R. C.

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kahler, R.

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Karasev, V. V.

V. V. Karasev, N. A. Krotova, and B. W. Deryagin, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 88, 777 (1953).

Kröll, J.

J. Kröll, J. Darmo, S. S. Dhillon, X. Marcadet, M. Calligaro, C. Sirtori, and K. Unterrainer, Nature 449, 698 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krotova, N. A.

V. V. Karasev, N. A. Krotova, and B. W. Deryagin, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 88, 777 (1953).

Lewis, R. A.

M. L. Smith, R. Mendis, R. E. M. Vickers, and R. A. Lewis, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 063109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Linfield, E. H.

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marcadet, X.

J. Kröll, J. Darmo, S. S. Dhillon, X. Marcadet, M. Calligaro, C. Sirtori, and K. Unterrainer, Nature 449, 698 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCarty, L. S.

L. S. McCarty and G. M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 47, 2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mendis, R.

M. L. Smith, R. Mendis, R. E. M. Vickers, and R. A. Lewis, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 063109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, Nature 432, 376 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizes, H. A.

H. A. Mizes, E. M. Conwell, and D. P. Salamida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1597 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Molinari, V. G.

V. G. Molinari, D. Mostacci, F. Rocchi, and M. Sumini, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mostacci, D.

V. G. Molinari, D. Mostacci, F. Rocchi, and M. Sumini, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Putterman, S. J.

C. G. Camara, J. V. Escobar, J. R. Hird, and S. J. Putterman, Nature 455, 1089 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Puttermann, S. J.

S. J. Puttermann and K. R. Weninger, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 32, 445 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Riege, H.

H. Riege, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 340, 80 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ritchie, D. A.

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rocchi, F.

V. G. Molinari, D. Mostacci, F. Rocchi, and M. Sumini, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rosenblum, B.

B. Rosenblum, P. Bräunlich, and J. P. Carrico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 17 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Rossi, F.

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Salamida, D. P.

H. A. Mizes, E. M. Conwell, and D. P. Salamida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1597 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, P. H.

P. H. Siegel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 910 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sirtori, C.

J. Kröll, J. Darmo, S. S. Dhillon, X. Marcadet, M. Calligaro, C. Sirtori, and K. Unterrainer, Nature 449, 698 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, M. L.

M. L. Smith, R. Mendis, R. E. M. Vickers, and R. A. Lewis, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 063109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sumini, M.

V. G. Molinari, D. Mostacci, F. Rocchi, and M. Sumini, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tredicucci, A.

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Unterrainer, K.

J. Kröll, J. Darmo, S. S. Dhillon, X. Marcadet, M. Calligaro, C. Sirtori, and K. Unterrainer, Nature 449, 698 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vickers, R. E. M.

M. L. Smith, R. Mendis, R. E. M. Vickers, and R. A. Lewis, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 063109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walton, A. J.

A. J. Walton, Adv. Phys. 26, 887 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, Nature 432, 376 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weninger, K. R.

S. J. Puttermann and K. R. Weninger, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 32, 445 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Whitesides, G. M.

L. S. McCarty and G. M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 47, 2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. C.

B. Ferguson and X. C. Zhang, Nature Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhenyi, M.

M. Zhenyi, J. Fan, and J. T. Dickinson, J. Adhes. 25, 63 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Phys. (1)

A. J. Walton, Adv. Phys. 26, 887 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (1)

L. S. McCarty and G. M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 47, 2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (1)

S. J. Puttermann and K. R. Weninger, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 32, 445 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. Rosenblum, P. Bräunlich, and J. P. Carrico, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 17 (1974).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Mizes, E. M. Conwell, and D. P. Salamida, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1597 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR (1)

V. V. Karasev, N. A. Krotova, and B. W. Deryagin, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 88, 777 (1953).

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

P. H. Siegel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 50, 910 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Adhes. (1)

M. Zhenyi, J. Fan, and J. T. Dickinson, J. Adhes. 25, 63 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Anal. At. Spectrom. (1)

V. G. Molinari, D. Mostacci, F. Rocchi, and M. Sumini, J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 457 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. L. Smith, R. Mendis, R. E. M. Vickers, and R. A. Lewis, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 063109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (4)

C. G. Camara, J. V. Escobar, J. R. Hird, and S. J. Putterman, Nature 455, 1089 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, Nature 432, 376 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kahler, A. Tredicucci, F. Beltram, H. E. Beere, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, D. A. Ritchie, R. C. Iotti, and F. Rossi, Nature 417, 156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Kröll, J. Darmo, S. S. Dhillon, X. Marcadet, M. Calligaro, C. Sirtori, and K. Unterrainer, Nature 449, 698 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Mater. (1)

B. Ferguson and X. C. Zhang, Nature Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

H. Riege, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 340, 80 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

N. E. Harvey, Science 89, 460 (1939).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G. B. Gelfreikh, in Solar and Space Weather Radiophysics, D.E.Gary, and C.U.Keller, eds. (Kluwer Academic, 2004), Vol. 9, Chap. 6.

W. R. Harper, Contact and Frictional Electrification (Clarendon, 1967).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Apparatus for investigating terahertz emission from peeling adhesive tape. (a) Tape unwinds from the spool in the right foreground to the other spool. Radiation from the peeling vertex traverses a rotating optical chopper before entering the detector cryostat through a semitransparent white polyethylene vacuum window. A Winston cone concentrates the radiation onto the silicon bolometer element. (b) Glow of bluish light as the tape unwinds. Two images are superposed: one in daylight for stationary tape, the other in darkness for unwinding tape. The exposure time for the glow was 20 s , lens aperture f 2.8 , and sensor sensitivity ISO1600.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time evolution of the terahertz signal on unwinding single-sided adhesive tape. (a) Bolometer signal as a function of time for different tape speeds. At 8 s the adhesive tape begins unwinding. The oscillations from 8 to 18 s are in phase with the spool rotation. At 18 s , unwinding stops. A small drift of the background signal is sometimes evident. (b) Passing the terahertz radiation through a polarizer oriented either horizontally or vertically does not change its amplitude. This amplitude is about half of that without the polarizer. (c) Terahertz radiation from double-sided sticky tape for different tape speeds.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of emitted radiation from peeling tape relative to blackbody radiation emitted from stationary tape. The three spectra were taken using different combinations of beam splitters and optical filters for the three frequency ranges concerned. The sharp peaks above 10 THz are an experimental artefact.

Metrics