Abstract

We have successfully demonstrated cavity ring-down spectroscopy in a fiber ring with a long-period grating cavity. The cavity couples >99% of light from core to cladding, interacts with the environment surrounding the fiber, and then couples unabsorbed light back into the fiber core. This design provides a relatively large evanescent wave absorption area while maintaining a very low loss for the fiber ring. The effectiveness of this cavity as a sensitive chemical sensor is also demonstrated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Vallance, New J. Chem. 29, 867 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Stewart and B. Culshaw, Opt. Quantum Electron. 26249 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Gupta, H. Jiao, and A. O'Keefe, Opt. Lett. 27, 1878 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Andachi, T. Nakayama, M. Kawasaki, S. Kurokawa, and H.-P. Loock, Appl. Phys. B 88, 131 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Barnes, M. Dreher, K. Plett, R. S. Brown, C. M. Crudden, and H.-P. Loock, Analyst (London) 133, 1541 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008

J. Barnes, M. Dreher, K. Plett, R. S. Brown, C. M. Crudden, and H.-P. Loock, Analyst (London) 133, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

M. Andachi, T. Nakayama, M. Kawasaki, S. Kurokawa, and H.-P. Loock, Appl. Phys. B 88, 131 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. Vallance, New J. Chem. 29, 867 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

1994

G. Stewart and B. Culshaw, Opt. Quantum Electron. 26249 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Andachi, M.

M. Andachi, T. Nakayama, M. Kawasaki, S. Kurokawa, and H.-P. Loock, Appl. Phys. B 88, 131 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, J.

J. Barnes, M. Dreher, K. Plett, R. S. Brown, C. M. Crudden, and H.-P. Loock, Analyst (London) 133, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brown, R. S.

J. Barnes, M. Dreher, K. Plett, R. S. Brown, C. M. Crudden, and H.-P. Loock, Analyst (London) 133, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Crudden, C. M.

J. Barnes, M. Dreher, K. Plett, R. S. Brown, C. M. Crudden, and H.-P. Loock, Analyst (London) 133, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw, B.

G. Stewart and B. Culshaw, Opt. Quantum Electron. 26249 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dreher, M.

J. Barnes, M. Dreher, K. Plett, R. S. Brown, C. M. Crudden, and H.-P. Loock, Analyst (London) 133, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, M.

Jiao, H.

Kawasaki, M.

M. Andachi, T. Nakayama, M. Kawasaki, S. Kurokawa, and H.-P. Loock, Appl. Phys. B 88, 131 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, S.

M. Andachi, T. Nakayama, M. Kawasaki, S. Kurokawa, and H.-P. Loock, Appl. Phys. B 88, 131 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, K. K.

P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loock, H.-P.

J. Barnes, M. Dreher, K. Plett, R. S. Brown, C. M. Crudden, and H.-P. Loock, Analyst (London) 133, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Andachi, T. Nakayama, M. Kawasaki, S. Kurokawa, and H.-P. Loock, Appl. Phys. B 88, 131 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, T.

M. Andachi, T. Nakayama, M. Kawasaki, S. Kurokawa, and H.-P. Loock, Appl. Phys. B 88, 131 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O'Keefe, A.

Plett, K.

J. Barnes, M. Dreher, K. Plett, R. S. Brown, C. M. Crudden, and H.-P. Loock, Analyst (London) 133, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rabinowitz, P.

P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, G.

G. Stewart and B. Culshaw, Opt. Quantum Electron. 26249 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tarsa, P. B.

P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vallance, C.

C. Vallance, New J. Chem. 29, 867 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Analyst (London)

J. Barnes, M. Dreher, K. Plett, R. S. Brown, C. M. Crudden, and H.-P. Loock, Analyst (London) 133, 1541 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

M. Andachi, T. Nakayama, M. Kawasaki, S. Kurokawa, and H.-P. Loock, Appl. Phys. B 88, 131 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

P. B. Tarsa, P. Rabinowitz, and K. K. Lehmann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 297 (2004).
[CrossRef]

New J. Chem.

C. Vallance, New J. Chem. 29, 867 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

G. Stewart and B. Culshaw, Opt. Quantum Electron. 26249 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of experimental setup for fiber loop cavity ring-down spectroscopy with a pair of LPGs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of the LPG cavity in air (---) and in decane (—)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ring-down pulse train of the fiber loop with the LPG cavity immersed in 100% decane.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Ring-down pulse train measured when the LPG cavity was immersed in the solution of 40% 1-octyne in decane. The decay time was reduced to 0.57 μ s .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorption of 1-octyne measured as the reduction of ring-down pulse decay time in a fiber loop with an LPG cavity.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( t ) = I O exp ( t / τ ) ,
t = t R L t + c L ,
Δ c = α t R t 2 Δ t ,

Metrics