Abstract

We demonstrate Doppler-free, purely optical detection of laser-excited rubidium Rydberg atoms in a room-temperature gas cell. The Rydberg atoms are excited with a frequency-doubled dye laser at 297nm in a single-excitation step from the ground state; the detection is performed with a 780nm diode laser in a scheme similar to electron shelving. Laser spectroscopy of Rydberg transitions is demonstrated, and a frequency-doubled dye is stabilized to one Rydberg transition in the UV. The performance of this stabilization is measured with an atomic-beam apparatus and a time of flight experiment.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. F. Gallagher, Rydberg Atoms (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).
  2. S. Haroche and J. M. Raimond, Exploring the Quantum (Oxford U. Press, 2006).
  3. Th. Becker, B. Varcoe, B. G. Englert, and H. Walther, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325 (2006).
  4. J. H. Choi, B. Knuffman, T. Cubel Liebisch, A. Reinhard, and G. Raithel, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 54, 131 (2007).
  5. G. M. Lankhuijzen and L. D. Noordam, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 38, 121 (1998).
  6. D. J. Bradley, P. Ewart, J. V. Nicholas, and J. R. D. Shaw, J. Phys. B 6, 1594 (1973).
  7. J. R. Rubbmark, S. A. Borgström, and K. Bockasten, J. Phys. B 10, 421 (1977).
  8. M. Auzinsh, K. Blushs, R. Ferber, F. Gahbauer, A. Jarmola, and M. Tamanis, Opt. Commun. 264, 333 (2006).
  9. A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113003 (2007).
    [PubMed]
  10. S. Mauger, J. Millen, and M. P. A. Jones, J. Phys. B 40, F319 (2007).
  11. R. P. Abel, A. K. Moahpatra, M. G. Bason, J. D. Pritchard, K. J. Weatherill, U. Raitzsch, and Ch. Adams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071107 (2009).
  12. H. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 31, 83 (1982).
  13. B. P. Stoicheff and E. Weinberger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 733 (1980).

2009 (1)

R. P. Abel, A. K. Moahpatra, M. G. Bason, J. D. Pritchard, K. J. Weatherill, U. Raitzsch, and Ch. Adams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071107 (2009).

2007 (3)

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113003 (2007).
[PubMed]

S. Mauger, J. Millen, and M. P. A. Jones, J. Phys. B 40, F319 (2007).

J. H. Choi, B. Knuffman, T. Cubel Liebisch, A. Reinhard, and G. Raithel, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 54, 131 (2007).

2006 (2)

Th. Becker, B. Varcoe, B. G. Englert, and H. Walther, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325 (2006).

M. Auzinsh, K. Blushs, R. Ferber, F. Gahbauer, A. Jarmola, and M. Tamanis, Opt. Commun. 264, 333 (2006).

1998 (1)

G. M. Lankhuijzen and L. D. Noordam, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 38, 121 (1998).

1982 (1)

H. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 31, 83 (1982).

1980 (1)

B. P. Stoicheff and E. Weinberger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 733 (1980).

1977 (1)

J. R. Rubbmark, S. A. Borgström, and K. Bockasten, J. Phys. B 10, 421 (1977).

1973 (1)

D. J. Bradley, P. Ewart, J. V. Nicholas, and J. R. D. Shaw, J. Phys. B 6, 1594 (1973).

Abel, R. P.

R. P. Abel, A. K. Moahpatra, M. G. Bason, J. D. Pritchard, K. J. Weatherill, U. Raitzsch, and Ch. Adams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071107 (2009).

Adams, C. S.

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113003 (2007).
[PubMed]

Adams, Ch.

R. P. Abel, A. K. Moahpatra, M. G. Bason, J. D. Pritchard, K. J. Weatherill, U. Raitzsch, and Ch. Adams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071107 (2009).

Auzinsh, M.

M. Auzinsh, K. Blushs, R. Ferber, F. Gahbauer, A. Jarmola, and M. Tamanis, Opt. Commun. 264, 333 (2006).

Bason, M. G.

R. P. Abel, A. K. Moahpatra, M. G. Bason, J. D. Pritchard, K. J. Weatherill, U. Raitzsch, and Ch. Adams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071107 (2009).

Becker, Th.

Th. Becker, B. Varcoe, B. G. Englert, and H. Walther, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325 (2006).

Blushs, K.

M. Auzinsh, K. Blushs, R. Ferber, F. Gahbauer, A. Jarmola, and M. Tamanis, Opt. Commun. 264, 333 (2006).

Bockasten, K.

J. R. Rubbmark, S. A. Borgström, and K. Bockasten, J. Phys. B 10, 421 (1977).

Borgström, S. A.

J. R. Rubbmark, S. A. Borgström, and K. Bockasten, J. Phys. B 10, 421 (1977).

Bradley, D. J.

D. J. Bradley, P. Ewart, J. V. Nicholas, and J. R. D. Shaw, J. Phys. B 6, 1594 (1973).

Choi, J. H.

J. H. Choi, B. Knuffman, T. Cubel Liebisch, A. Reinhard, and G. Raithel, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 54, 131 (2007).

Cubel Liebisch, T.

J. H. Choi, B. Knuffman, T. Cubel Liebisch, A. Reinhard, and G. Raithel, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 54, 131 (2007).

Dehmelt, H.

H. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 31, 83 (1982).

Englert, B. G.

Th. Becker, B. Varcoe, B. G. Englert, and H. Walther, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325 (2006).

Ewart, P.

D. J. Bradley, P. Ewart, J. V. Nicholas, and J. R. D. Shaw, J. Phys. B 6, 1594 (1973).

Ferber, R.

M. Auzinsh, K. Blushs, R. Ferber, F. Gahbauer, A. Jarmola, and M. Tamanis, Opt. Commun. 264, 333 (2006).

Gahbauer, F.

M. Auzinsh, K. Blushs, R. Ferber, F. Gahbauer, A. Jarmola, and M. Tamanis, Opt. Commun. 264, 333 (2006).

Gallagher, T. F.

T. F. Gallagher, Rydberg Atoms (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).

Haroche, S.

S. Haroche and J. M. Raimond, Exploring the Quantum (Oxford U. Press, 2006).

Jackson, T. R.

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113003 (2007).
[PubMed]

Jarmola, A.

M. Auzinsh, K. Blushs, R. Ferber, F. Gahbauer, A. Jarmola, and M. Tamanis, Opt. Commun. 264, 333 (2006).

Jones, M. P. A.

S. Mauger, J. Millen, and M. P. A. Jones, J. Phys. B 40, F319 (2007).

Knuffman, B.

J. H. Choi, B. Knuffman, T. Cubel Liebisch, A. Reinhard, and G. Raithel, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 54, 131 (2007).

Lankhuijzen, G. M.

G. M. Lankhuijzen and L. D. Noordam, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 38, 121 (1998).

Mauger, S.

S. Mauger, J. Millen, and M. P. A. Jones, J. Phys. B 40, F319 (2007).

Millen, J.

S. Mauger, J. Millen, and M. P. A. Jones, J. Phys. B 40, F319 (2007).

Moahpatra, A. K.

R. P. Abel, A. K. Moahpatra, M. G. Bason, J. D. Pritchard, K. J. Weatherill, U. Raitzsch, and Ch. Adams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071107 (2009).

Mohapatra, A. K.

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113003 (2007).
[PubMed]

Nicholas, J. V.

D. J. Bradley, P. Ewart, J. V. Nicholas, and J. R. D. Shaw, J. Phys. B 6, 1594 (1973).

Noordam, L. D.

G. M. Lankhuijzen and L. D. Noordam, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 38, 121 (1998).

Pritchard, J. D.

R. P. Abel, A. K. Moahpatra, M. G. Bason, J. D. Pritchard, K. J. Weatherill, U. Raitzsch, and Ch. Adams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071107 (2009).

Raimond, J. M.

S. Haroche and J. M. Raimond, Exploring the Quantum (Oxford U. Press, 2006).

Raithel, G.

J. H. Choi, B. Knuffman, T. Cubel Liebisch, A. Reinhard, and G. Raithel, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 54, 131 (2007).

Raitzsch, U.

R. P. Abel, A. K. Moahpatra, M. G. Bason, J. D. Pritchard, K. J. Weatherill, U. Raitzsch, and Ch. Adams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071107 (2009).

Reinhard, A.

J. H. Choi, B. Knuffman, T. Cubel Liebisch, A. Reinhard, and G. Raithel, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 54, 131 (2007).

Rubbmark, J. R.

J. R. Rubbmark, S. A. Borgström, and K. Bockasten, J. Phys. B 10, 421 (1977).

Shaw, J. R. D.

D. J. Bradley, P. Ewart, J. V. Nicholas, and J. R. D. Shaw, J. Phys. B 6, 1594 (1973).

Stoicheff, B. P.

B. P. Stoicheff and E. Weinberger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 733 (1980).

Tamanis, M.

M. Auzinsh, K. Blushs, R. Ferber, F. Gahbauer, A. Jarmola, and M. Tamanis, Opt. Commun. 264, 333 (2006).

Varcoe, B.

Th. Becker, B. Varcoe, B. G. Englert, and H. Walther, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325 (2006).

Walther, H.

Th. Becker, B. Varcoe, B. G. Englert, and H. Walther, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325 (2006).

Weatherill, K. J.

R. P. Abel, A. K. Moahpatra, M. G. Bason, J. D. Pritchard, K. J. Weatherill, U. Raitzsch, and Ch. Adams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071107 (2009).

Weinberger, E.

B. P. Stoicheff and E. Weinberger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 733 (1980).

Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. (2)

J. H. Choi, B. Knuffman, T. Cubel Liebisch, A. Reinhard, and G. Raithel, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 54, 131 (2007).

G. M. Lankhuijzen and L. D. Noordam, Adv. At., Mol., Opt. Phys. 38, 121 (1998).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. P. Abel, A. K. Moahpatra, M. G. Bason, J. D. Pritchard, K. J. Weatherill, U. Raitzsch, and Ch. Adams, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 071107 (2009).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

H. Dehmelt, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 31, 83 (1982).

J. Phys. B (3)

D. J. Bradley, P. Ewart, J. V. Nicholas, and J. R. D. Shaw, J. Phys. B 6, 1594 (1973).

J. R. Rubbmark, S. A. Borgström, and K. Bockasten, J. Phys. B 10, 421 (1977).

S. Mauger, J. Millen, and M. P. A. Jones, J. Phys. B 40, F319 (2007).

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Auzinsh, K. Blushs, R. Ferber, F. Gahbauer, A. Jarmola, and M. Tamanis, Opt. Commun. 264, 333 (2006).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113003 (2007).
[PubMed]

B. P. Stoicheff and E. Weinberger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 733 (1980).

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

Th. Becker, B. Varcoe, B. G. Englert, and H. Walther, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325 (2006).

Other (2)

T. F. Gallagher, Rydberg Atoms (Cambridge U. Press, 1994).

S. Haroche and J. M. Raimond, Exploring the Quantum (Oxford U. Press, 2006).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Level scheme for excitation and detection of rubidium Rydberg atoms; (b) schematic experimental setup for optical detection of UV-Rydberg transitions in a room-temperature gas cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Absorbtion signal with a chopped UV laser; (b) absorbtion signal with a frequency-modulated UV laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Doppler-shifted signal from an atomic beam under angular excitation; (b)–(e) shifted dispersive signal from a gas cell with a 780 nm laser locked to (b) F = 3 F = 4 resonance, (c) F = 3 F = 2 , 4 crossover line, (d) F = 3 F = 3 resonance, and (e) F = 3 F = 2 , 3 crossover line.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time-of-flight spreading of Rydberg atoms after velocity-selective excitation in an atomic beam.

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