Abstract

A new two-step approach for fabricating phase optical elements in photo-thermo-refractive glass by exposure to IR ultrashort laser pulses followed by thermal development is shown. A binary phase Fresnel lens was designed to focus light at 632.8nm to a focal length of 400cm. Conditions of ultrashort pulse irradiation and thermal development were chosen to achieve π phase shift between zone boundaries. The focusing efficiency of the element was measured to be close to 50%.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. T. Nguyen, B. W. Shore, S. J. Bryan, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, and M. D. Perry, Opt. Lett. 22, 142 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. R. Wang and H. Su, Opt. Lett. 23, 876 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermal-refractive glass,” U.S. patent 6,586,141 (July 1, 2003).
  4. L. A. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 4070 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Bricchi, J. D. Mills, P. G. Kazansky, B. G. Klappauf, and J. J. Baumberg, Opt. Lett. 27, 2200 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Watanabe, D. Kuroda, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, Opt. Express 10, 978 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  8. K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, Y. Li, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, Opt. Lett. 29, 1846 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325, 275 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Makaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, M. Masuda, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 11, 1809 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. B. Glebov, Opt. Mater. 25, 413 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and H. P. Andre, Appl. Opt. 41, 1864 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. Dammann, Optik (Stuttgart) 31, 95 (1970).

2008

L. A. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 4070 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, M. Masuda, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 11, 1809 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325, 275 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

1998

1997

1996

1970

H. Dammann, Optik (Stuttgart) 31, 95 (1970).

Andre, H. P.

Baumberg, J. J.

Boyd, R. D.

Bricchi, E.

Britten, J. A.

Bryan, S. J.

Cardinal, T.

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325, 275 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

Dammann, H.

H. Dammann, Optik (Stuttgart) 31, 95 (1970).

Davis, K. M.

Efimov, O. M.

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325, 275 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and H. P. Andre, Appl. Opt. 41, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermal-refractive glass,” U.S. patent 6,586,141 (July 1, 2003).

Francois-Saint-Cyr, H. G.

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325, 275 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L. B.

L. A. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 4070 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Glebov, Opt. Mater. 25, 413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325, 275 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and H. P. Andre, Appl. Opt. 41, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermal-refractive glass,” U.S. patent 6,586,141 (July 1, 2003).

Glebova, L. N.

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325, 275 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermal-refractive glass,” U.S. patent 6,586,141 (July 1, 2003).

Hirao, K.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Makaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itoh, K.

Jiang, X.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Makaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Klappauf, B. G.

Kuroda, D.

Li, Y.

Lumeau, J.

L. A. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 4070 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Makaya, T.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Makaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, M.

Midorikawa, K.

Mills, J. D.

Miura, K.

Nguyen, H. T.

Nishii, J.

Perry, M. D.

Qiu, J.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Makaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shihoyama, K.

Shirai, M.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Makaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

Si, J.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Makaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Siiman, L. A.

L. A. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 4070 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, V. I.

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325, 275 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermal-refractive glass,” U.S. patent 6,586,141 (July 1, 2003).

Su, H.

Sugimoto, N.

Sugioka, K.

Toyoda, K.

Wang, M. R.

Watanabe, W.

Yamada, K.

Zhu, C.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Makaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Makaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and K. Hirao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

L. A. Siiman, J. Lumeau, and L. B. Glebov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 4070 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Cardinal, O. M. Efimov, H. G. Francois-Saint-Cyr, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325, 275 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

L. B. Glebov, Opt. Mater. 25, 413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Optik (Stuttgart)

H. Dammann, Optik (Stuttgart) 31, 95 (1970).

Other

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Process for production of high efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermal-refractive glass,” U.S. patent 6,586,141 (July 1, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Phase profiles for a lens: (a) refractive surface, (b) planar refractive surface, i.e., phase Fresnel lens, (c) two-level approximation of a phase Fresnel lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of recording the phase Fresnel lens in PTR glass: (a) laser scanning setup, (b) cylindrical Fresnel lens element design.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Two-level phase Fresnel lens in PTR glass. (a) Refractive index profile of four zones: 1, theory; 2, experiment. (b) Photograph of uniform collimated He–Ne laser light focused by the Fresnel lens element.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity profile of the diffraction pattern generated by the cylindrical phase Fresnel lens at the focal plane.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R m = m λ f ,
Δ ϕ = 2 π λ Δ n L .
η = sin 2 ( π N ) ( π N ) 2 .

Metrics