Abstract

The absorption of a resonant coupling laser driving a closed degenerate two-level system in an atomic cesium beam was investigated as a function of the detuning of a second laser probing the same transition. The measurements were performed for four different polarization combinations of the two laser beams. Except for the beams of counterrotating polarizations all coupling-laser absorption profiles showed “absorption within transparency,” i.e., the absorption in the region around the two-photon resonance was smaller than the absorption corresponding to the one-photon transition induced by the coupling laser, and an extra absorption peak was observed on this curve at the two-photon resonance. With regard to the beams of counter rotating polarizations we observed a switch from absorption within transparency to “transparency within transparency” when the probe-laser power exceeded the constant coupling-laser power. In other words, the cesium ensemble became mostly transparent to the coupling-laser beam at the two-photon resonance.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, J. Phys. B 40, 1117 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Kwon, K. Kim, H. S. Moon, H. D. Park, and J. B. Kim, J. Phys. B 34, 2951 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, J. Phys. B 40, 1117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

L. Spani Molella, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 63, 987 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, Y. Han, J. Xiao, X. Yang, C. Xie, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, Opt. Lett. 31, 3647 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

A. S. Zibrov and A. B. Matsko, JETP Lett. 82, 472 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Spani Molella, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 72, 041802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Krmpot, M. Mijailovic, B. Panic, D. Lukic, A. Kovacevic, D. Pantelic, and B. Jelenkovic, Opt. Express 13, 1448 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053818 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. Kwon, K. Kim, H. S. Moon, H. D. Park, and J. B. Kim, J. Phys. B 34, 2951 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, J. Opt. B 3, S7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Lipsich, S. Barreiro, A. M. Akulshin, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuhn, S. Steuerwald, and K. Bergmann, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Akulshin, A. M.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, J. Phys. B 40, 1117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lipsich, S. Barreiro, A. M. Akulshin, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Alzetta, G.

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Andreeva, Ch.

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arimondo, E.

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, J. Opt. B 3, S7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barreiro, S.

A. Lipsich, S. Barreiro, A. M. Akulshin, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, K.

A. Kuhn, S. Steuerwald, and K. Bergmann, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cartaleva, S.

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dancheva, Y.

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Danzmann, K.

L. Spani Molella, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 63, 987 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Spani Molella, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 72, 041802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Duffy, G. J.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, J. Phys. B 40, 1117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Friedmann, H.

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053818 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, J.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, J. Phys. B 40, 1117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Goren, C.

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053818 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

Hannaford, P.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, J. Phys. B 40, 1117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jelenkovic, B.

Kim, J. B.

M. Kwon, K. Kim, H. S. Moon, H. D. Park, and J. B. Kim, J. Phys. B 34, 2951 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

M. Kwon, K. Kim, H. S. Moon, H. D. Park, and J. B. Kim, J. Phys. B 34, 2951 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kovacevic, A.

Krmpot, A.

Kuhn, A.

A. Kuhn, S. Steuerwald, and K. Bergmann, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, M.

M. Kwon, K. Kim, H. S. Moon, H. D. Park, and J. B. Kim, J. Phys. B 34, 2951 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lezama, A.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, J. Phys. B 40, 1117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lipsich, S. Barreiro, A. M. Akulshin, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lipsich, A.

A. Lipsich, S. Barreiro, A. M. Akulshin, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lukic, D.

Matsko, A. B.

A. S. Zibrov and A. B. Matsko, JETP Lett. 82, 472 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mijailovic, M.

Moon, H. S.

M. Kwon, K. Kim, H. S. Moon, H. D. Park, and J. B. Kim, J. Phys. B 34, 2951 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Panic, B.

Pantelic, D.

Park, H. D.

M. Kwon, K. Kim, H. S. Moon, H. D. Park, and J. B. Kim, J. Phys. B 34, 2951 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Renzoni, F.

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, J. Opt. B 3, S7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rinkleff, R.-H.

L. Spani Molella, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 63, 987 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Spani Molella, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 72, 041802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rosenbluh, M.

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053818 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rowlands, W. J.

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, J. Phys. B 40, 1117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spani Molella, L.

L. Spani Molella, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 63, 987 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Spani Molella, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 72, 041802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steuerwald, S.

A. Kuhn, S. Steuerwald, and K. Bergmann, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Taslakov, M.

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Verkerk, P.

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, J. Opt. B 3, S7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B.

Wang, H.

Wilson-Gordon, A. D.

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053818 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, J.

Xiao, M.

Xie, C.

Yang, X.

Zibrov, A. S.

A. S. Zibrov and A. B. Matsko, JETP Lett. 82, 472 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, C.

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, J. Opt. B 3, S7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

A. Kuhn, S. Steuerwald, and K. Bergmann, Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B (1)

F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, J. Opt. B 3, S7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (2)

J. Fuchs, G. J. Duffy, W. J. Rowlands, A. Lezama, P. Hannaford, and A. M. Akulshin, J. Phys. B 40, 1117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kwon, K. Kim, H. S. Moon, H. D. Park, and J. B. Kim, J. Phys. B 34, 2951 (2001).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

A. S. Zibrov and A. B. Matsko, JETP Lett. 82, 472 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, Opt. Commun. 178, 103 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053818 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Spani Molella, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Phys. Rev. A 72, 041802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Lipsich, S. Barreiro, A. M. Akulshin, and A. Lezama, Phys. Rev. A 61, 053803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta, Part A (1)

L. Spani Molella, R.-H. Rinkleff, and K. Danzmann, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 63, 987 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for σ + σ polarized lasers. ∥, parallel polarization; ⊥, perpendicular polarization; σ, circular polarization; 20%, 20% beam splitter; cpl, coupling laser; prb, probe laser; ref, reference laser; DBM, double-balanced mixer; FI, Faraday isolator; FMS, frequency modulation spectroscopy; GP, glass plate; λ 2 , half-wave plate; λ 4 , quarter-wave plate; LO, local oscillator; PD, photodiode; PD R , reference photodiode; PD S , signal photodiode; PLL, phase-lock loop; Pol , polarizer; WP , Wollaston prism.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption coefficient of the coupling (a)–(c) and probe laser (d) for the following polarizations and coupling-laser powers: (a) π π , 125 μ W ; (b) π σ , 113 μ W ; (c) σ + π , 118 μ W ; (d) σ + σ , 122 μ W .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption coefficient of the coupling laser. Both laser beams are counterrotatingly polarized. The coupling-laser power amounts to 125 μ W .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of an open N-system. Curves symbolize spontaneous emission processes. Arrows represent laser transitions; dark lines build the so-called “initial” N-system (see text), and light-colored arrows picture another N-system. The coupling laser is σ + polarized; the probe laser is σ polarized.

Equations (1)

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f ( x ) = C 0 + C 1 G G 2 + ( x O 1 ) 2 + C 2 K K 2 + ( x O 2 ) 2 .

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