Abstract

We report on an ultrabright beamlike source of polarization-entangled photon pairs that is suitable for the task of multiphoton quantum information processing. The photon pairs are generated from a beamlike type-II parametric downconversion process in two adjacently located but 180° rotated β-barium borate crystals. Approximately 30,000s1 entangled photon pairs are recorded experimentally with only 100mW pump power. The fidelity of the generated entangled state as compared with a Bell state is measured to be 0.974 with the method of quantum state tomography. With this source, we also obtain a violation of Bell’s inequality by 61 standard deviations in just a few seconds.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2007 (2)

M. Barbieri, G. Vallone, F. De Martini, and P. Mataloni, Opt. Spectrosc. 103, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Lu, X. Q. Zhou, O. Guhne, W. B. Gao, J. Zhang, Z. S. Yuan, A. Goebel, T. Yang, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 3, 91 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Q. Zhang, A. Goebel, C. Wagenknecht, Y. A. Chen, B. Zhao, T. Yang, A. Mair, J. Schmiedmayer, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 2, 678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Shi and A. Tomita, New J. Phys. 8, 38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 434, 169 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

K. Sanaka, T. Jennewein, J. W. Pan, K. Resch, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 017902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

Y. H. Kim, Phys. Rev. A 68, 013804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhao, T. Yang, Y. A. Chen, A. N. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 207901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. Lamas-Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, Science 296, 712 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (4)

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, J. Mod. Opt. 48, 1997 (2001).

S. Tanzilli, H. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Takeuchi, Opt. Lett. 26, 843 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

A. G. White, D. F. V. James, P. H. Eberhard, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

A. M. Steane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 793 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Gottesman, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1862 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. Shor, Phys. Rev. A 52, 2493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2495 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2205 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (2)

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1969 (1)

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Alley, C. O.

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appelbaum, I.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Aspelmeyer, M.

P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 434, 169 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, H. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barbieri, M.

M. Barbieri, G. Vallone, F. De Martini, and P. Mataloni, Opt. Spectrosc. 103, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmeester, D.

A. Lamas-Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, Science 296, 712 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brendel, J.

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. A.

Q. Zhang, A. Goebel, C. Wagenknecht, Y. A. Chen, B. Zhao, T. Yang, A. Mair, J. Schmiedmayer, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 2, 678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhao, T. Yang, Y. A. Chen, A. N. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 207901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cinelli, C.

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clauser, J. F.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

De Martini, F.

M. Barbieri, G. Vallone, F. De Martini, and P. Mataloni, Opt. Spectrosc. 103, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

De Micheli, M.

S. Tanzilli, H. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Di Nepi, G.

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eberhard, P. H.

A. G. White, D. F. V. James, P. H. Eberhard, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eibl, M.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Franson, J. D.

J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2205 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, W. B.

C. Y. Lu, X. Q. Zhou, O. Guhne, W. B. Gao, J. Zhang, Z. S. Yuan, A. Goebel, T. Yang, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 3, 91 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gasparoni, S.

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

S. Tanzilli, H. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Goebel, A.

C. Y. Lu, X. Q. Zhou, O. Guhne, W. B. Gao, J. Zhang, Z. S. Yuan, A. Goebel, T. Yang, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 3, 91 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, A. Goebel, C. Wagenknecht, Y. A. Chen, B. Zhao, T. Yang, A. Mair, J. Schmiedmayer, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 2, 678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gottesman, D.

D. Gottesman, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1862 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guhne, O.

C. Y. Lu, X. Q. Zhou, O. Guhne, W. B. Gao, J. Zhang, Z. S. Yuan, A. Goebel, T. Yang, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 3, 91 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Holt, R. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Horne, M. A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Howell, J. C.

A. Lamas-Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, Science 296, 712 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

James, D. F. V.

A. G. White, D. F. V. James, P. H. Eberhard, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jennewein, T.

K. Sanaka, T. Jennewein, J. W. Pan, K. Resch, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 017902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawahara, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. H.

Y. H. Kim, Phys. Rev. A 68, 013804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuga, T.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurtsiefer, C.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, J. Mod. Opt. 48, 1997 (2001).

Kwiat, P. G.

A. G. White, D. F. V. James, P. H. Eberhard, and P. G. Kwiat, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamas-Linares, A.

A. Lamas-Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, Science 296, 712 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, C. Y.

C. Y. Lu, X. Q. Zhou, O. Guhne, W. B. Gao, J. Zhang, Z. S. Yuan, A. Goebel, T. Yang, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 3, 91 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mair, A.

Q. Zhang, A. Goebel, C. Wagenknecht, Y. A. Chen, B. Zhao, T. Yang, A. Mair, J. Schmiedmayer, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 2, 678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, L.

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mataloni, P.

M. Barbieri, G. Vallone, F. De Martini, and P. Mataloni, Opt. Spectrosc. 103, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cinelli, G. Di Nepi, F. De Martini, M. Barbieri, and P. Mataloni, Phys. Rev. A 70, 022321 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mattle, K.

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oberparleiter, M.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, J. Mod. Opt. 48, 1997 (2001).

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, H. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ou, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, J. W.

C. Y. Lu, X. Q. Zhou, O. Guhne, W. B. Gao, J. Zhang, Z. S. Yuan, A. Goebel, T. Yang, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 3, 91 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, A. Goebel, C. Wagenknecht, Y. A. Chen, B. Zhao, T. Yang, A. Mair, J. Schmiedmayer, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 2, 678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sanaka, T. Jennewein, J. W. Pan, K. Resch, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 017902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhao, T. Yang, Y. A. Chen, A. N. Zhang, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 207901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 390, 575 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rarity, J. G.

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2495 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Resch, K.

K. Sanaka, T. Jennewein, J. W. Pan, K. Resch, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 017902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Resch, K. J.

P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 434, 169 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Riedmatten, H.

S. Tanzilli, H. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, T.

P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 434, 169 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanaka, K.

K. Sanaka, T. Jennewein, J. W. Pan, K. Resch, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 017902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5620 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schenck, E.

P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 434, 169 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmiedmayer, J.

Q. Zhang, A. Goebel, C. Wagenknecht, Y. A. Chen, B. Zhao, T. Yang, A. Mair, J. Schmiedmayer, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 2, 678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, A. V.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, B. S.

B. S. Shi and A. Tomita, New J. Phys. 8, 38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Y.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, Y. H.

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimony, A.

J. F. Clauser, M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and R. A. Holt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 880 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Shor, P. W.

P. W. Shor, Phys. Rev. A 52, 2493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Simon, C.

A. Lamas-Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, Science 296, 712 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steane, A. M.

A. M. Steane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 793 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takeuchi, S.

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, H. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P. R.

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2495 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tittel, W.

S. Tanzilli, H. Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, A.

B. S. Shi and A. Tomita, New J. Phys. 8, 38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vallone, G.

M. Barbieri, G. Vallone, F. De Martini, and P. Mataloni, Opt. Spectrosc. 103, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vedral, V.

P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 434, 169 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wagenknecht, C.

Q. Zhang, A. Goebel, C. Wagenknecht, Y. A. Chen, B. Zhao, T. Yang, A. Mair, J. Schmiedmayer, and J. W. Pan, Nat. Phys. 2, 678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Waks, E.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Walther, P.

P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Nature (London) 434, 169 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gasparoni, J. W. Pan, P. Walther, T. Rudolph, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 020504 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinfurter, H.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experiment setup to prepare polarization-entangled photon pairs. BBO1 and BBO2 are nonlinear crystals used to produce photon pairs in H 1 V 2 and V 1 H 2 . LiNbO 3 and YVO 4 crystals are for spatial and time compensations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Two-photon coincidence fringes for generated Bell state ( 1 2 ) ( H V V H ) . Solid circles are measured coincidence rates (after subtracting accidental coincidences, which are plotted as the solid squares), while the solid curve is a theoretical sinusoidal curve scaled by maximal coincidence counts at θ 2 = 45 ° .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Real and imaginary parts of density matrix reconstructed from the coincidence data in Table 1.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Results of Quantum State Tomography Measurement a

Equations (1)

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Ψ = 1 2 ( H V e i φ V H ) .

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