Abstract

In a conventional coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscope system, we generate a local oscillator CARS field and a sample CARS field successively along a single-beam path. A large gradient of relative spectral phase between the two fields is naturally induced by highly dispersive microscope elements. The resulting spectral interferogram is a form of fast varying sinusoidal fringes modulated by the amplitude and phase of the sample CARS field. With the help of the Hilbert transform on the heterodyne part of the interferogram, both real and imaginary quadratures of the sample CARS spectrum are extracted with an improved signal-to-noise ratio.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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T. Hellerer, C. Axäng, C. Brackmann, P. Hillertz, M. Pilon, and A. Enejder, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 14658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Lim, A. G. Caster, and S. R. Leone, Opt. Lett. 32, 1332 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Jurna, J. P. Korterik, C. Otto, and H. L. Offerhaus, Opt. Express 15, 15207 (2007).

2006

2004

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, and X. S. Xie, Opt. Lett. 29, 2923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. O. Potma and X. S. Xie, Opt. Photonics News 15, 40 (2004).

2002

1999

X. B. Wang, Z. X. Shen, S. H. Tang, and M. H. Kuok, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 8011 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

Axäng, C.

T. Hellerer, C. Axäng, C. Brackmann, P. Hillertz, M. Pilon, and A. Enejder, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 14658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bendat, J. S.

J. S. Bendat and A. G. Piersol, Random Data: Analysis and Measurement Procedures, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2000).

Boppart, S. A.

Brackmann, C.

T. Hellerer, C. Axäng, C. Brackmann, P. Hillertz, M. Pilon, and A. Enejder, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 14658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Buckup, T.

Caster, A. G.

Cheng, J. X.

Enejder, A.

T. Hellerer, C. Axäng, C. Brackmann, P. Hillertz, M. Pilon, and A. Enejder, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 14658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Evans, C. L.

Fu, Y.

Hahn, J. W.

Hellerer, T.

T. Hellerer, C. Axäng, C. Brackmann, P. Hillertz, M. Pilon, and A. Enejder, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 14658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hillertz, P.

T. Hellerer, C. Axäng, C. Brackmann, P. Hillertz, M. Pilon, and A. Enejder, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 14658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jones, G. W.

Jurna, M.

Korterik, J. P.

Kuok, M. H.

X. B. Wang, Z. X. Shen, S. H. Tang, and M. H. Kuok, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 8011 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, E. S.

Leone, S. R.

Lim, S.-H.

Marks, D. L.

Motzkus, M.

Offerhaus, H. L.

Otto, C.

Piersol, A. G.

J. S. Bendat and A. G. Piersol, Random Data: Analysis and Measurement Procedures, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2000).

Pilon, M.

T. Hellerer, C. Axäng, C. Brackmann, P. Hillertz, M. Pilon, and A. Enejder, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 14658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Potma, E. O.

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, and X. S. Xie, Opt. Lett. 29, 2923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. O. Potma and X. S. Xie, Opt. Photonics News 15, 40 (2004).

Shen, Z. X.

X. B. Wang, Z. X. Shen, S. H. Tang, and M. H. Kuok, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 8011 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shi, R.

Tang, S. H.

X. B. Wang, Z. X. Shen, S. H. Tang, and M. H. Kuok, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 8011 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vinegoni, C.

Volkmer, A.

von Vacano, B.

Wang, H.

Wang, X. B.

X. B. Wang, Z. X. Shen, S. H. Tang, and M. H. Kuok, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 8011 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. S.

Appl. Opt.

J. Appl. Phys.

X. B. Wang, Z. X. Shen, S. H. Tang, and M. H. Kuok, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 8011 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photonics News

E. O. Potma and X. S. Xie, Opt. Photonics News 15, 40 (2004).

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA

T. Hellerer, C. Axäng, C. Brackmann, P. Hillertz, M. Pilon, and A. Enejder, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 14658 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. S. Bendat and A. G. Piersol, Random Data: Analysis and Measurement Procedures, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2000).

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