Abstract

A strongly coupled, chirped Bragg grating made by sinusoidally modulating the sidewalls of a silicon waveguide is designed, fabricated, and experimentally characterized. By varying the device parameters, the operating wavelength, device bandwidth, sign (normal or anomalous), and magnitude of group-velocity dispersion may be engineered for specific photonic applications. Asymmetric Blackman apodization is best suited for maximizing the useable bandwidth while providing good ripple suppression. Dispersion values up to 7.0×105psnmkm are demonstrated at 1.55μm.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

M. Gnan, G. Bellanca, H. M. H Chong, P. Bassi, and R. M. De la Rue, Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 14, 4357 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
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2005

2003

2002

J. Hastings, M. Lim, J. Goodberlet, and H. Smith, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

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J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, Opt. Lett. 25, 25 (2000).
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H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 109 (1975).

Albert, J.

Alic, N.

Almeida, V. R.

Arriaga, J.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
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Bassi, P.

M. Gnan, G. Bellanca, H. M. H Chong, P. Bassi, and R. M. De la Rue, Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bellanca, G.

M. Gnan, G. Bellanca, H. M. H Chong, P. Bassi, and R. M. De la Rue, Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bhushan, A. S.

A. S. Bhushan, F. Coppinger, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 34, 1081 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

Chong, H. M. H

M. Gnan, G. Bellanca, H. M. H Chong, P. Bassi, and R. M. De la Rue, Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coppinger, F.

A. S. Bhushan, F. Coppinger, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 34, 1081 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De la Rue, R. M.

M. Gnan, G. Bellanca, H. M. H Chong, P. Bassi, and R. M. De la Rue, Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dhosi, G.

F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 31, 899 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 31, 899 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fainman, Y.

Foster, M. A.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fukuda, H.

Gaeta, A. L.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gnan, M.

M. Gnan, G. Bellanca, H. M. H Chong, P. Bassi, and R. M. De la Rue, Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goodberlet, J.

J. Hastings, M. Lim, J. Goodberlet, and H. Smith, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hastings, J.

J. Hastings, M. Lim, J. Goodberlet, and H. Smith, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

Hirano, A.

K. Sato, A. Hirano, and H. Ishii, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 590 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, K.

Ishii, H.

K. Sato, A. Hirano, and H. Ishii, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 590 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, T.

J. Miyazu, T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Ishii, H. Okamoto, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim 2005 (Optical Socity of America, 2005), pp. 624-625.

Itabashi, S.

Jalali, B.

A. S. Bhushan, F. Coppinger, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 34, 1081 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 1999).

Kim, H. C.

Kitagawa, T.

Knight, J. C.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 109 (1975).

Kondo, Y.

J. Miyazu, T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Ishii, H. Okamoto, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim 2005 (Optical Socity of America, 2005), pp. 624-625.

Krug, P. A.

F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 31, 899 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lim, M.

J. Hastings, M. Lim, J. Goodberlet, and H. Smith, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Malo, B.

Manolatou, C.

Matsuo, S.

J. Miyazu, T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Ishii, H. Okamoto, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim 2005 (Optical Socity of America, 2005), pp. 624-625.

Miyazu, J.

J. Miyazu, T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Ishii, H. Okamoto, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim 2005 (Optical Socity of America, 2005), pp. 624-625.

Nezhad, M.

K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, H.

J. Miyazu, T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Ishii, H. Okamoto, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim 2005 (Optical Socity of America, 2005), pp. 624-625.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 31, 899 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Panasenko, D.

Panepucci, R. R.

Ranka, J. K.

Rokitski, R.

Russell, P. St. J.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saperstein, R. E.

Sato, K.

K. Sato, A. Hirano, and H. Ishii, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 590 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 14, 4357 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Segawa, T.

J. Miyazu, T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Ishii, H. Okamoto, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim 2005 (Optical Socity of America, 2005), pp. 624-625.

Sharping, J. E.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shinya, A.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shoji, T.

Silvestre, E.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H.

J. Hastings, M. Lim, J. Goodberlet, and H. Smith, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. J.

Stephens, T.

F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 31, 899 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

J. Miyazu, T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Ishii, H. Okamoto, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim 2005 (Optical Socity of America, 2005), pp. 624-625.

Takahashi, C.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, J.

Takahashi, M.

Takiguchi, K.

Thériault, S.

Tsuchizawa, T.

Turner, A. C.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 14, 4357 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

Windeler, R. S.

Yamada, K.

Yokohama, I.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshikuni, Y.

J. Miyazu, T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Ishii, H. Okamoto, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim 2005 (Optical Socity of America, 2005), pp. 624-625.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Ikeda, M. Nezhad, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 109 (1975).

Electron. Lett.

A. S. Bhushan, F. Coppinger, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 34, 1081 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 31, 899 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 36, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Sato, A. Hirano, and H. Ishii, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 590 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B

J. Hastings, M. Lim, J. Goodberlet, and H. Smith, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

M. Gnan, G. Bellanca, H. M. H Chong, P. Bassi, and R. M. De la Rue, Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 1999).

J. Miyazu, T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Ishii, H. Okamoto, Y. Kondo, H. Suzuki, and Y. Yoshikuni, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO/Pacific Rim 2005 (Optical Socity of America, 2005), pp. 624-625.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

CBG device geometry.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Reflectivity and (b) group-delay spectra for CBG with L = 100 μ m , Δ Λ = 7.5 nm with different apodization filters applied.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Reflectivity and (b) group-delay spectra for asymmetrically Blackman apodized CBGs. Solid curves denote L = 100 μ m ; dotted curves denote L = 200 μ m .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEM micrographs of (a) apodized and (b) unapodized parts of the CBG.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Simluated and measured reflection spectrum showing FP oscillations for L = 100 μ m and Δ Λ = 7.5 nm . (b) Measured group delay for CBGs with L = 100 μ m . Solid curves denote linear fit to measured data.

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