For characterization of Fourier-synthesized optical waveforms of femtosecond multicolor phase-coherent pulses, we report relative-phase measurements among Fourier components from optically phase-locked two-color mode-locked lasers. The interference of two simultaneous second-order frequency-mixing processes in a common nonlinear crystal was utilized. The relative phases among three-color components with a frequency ratio of were measured by observing the interference fringes of two simultaneous frequency-mixing outputs. The inner field structure of the synthesized waveforms can be determined except for the ambiguity of its temporal shift with respect to the synthesized envelope, which corresponds to the carrier-envelope phase slip of one of the source lasers.
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