Abstract

We introduce and study numerically a method for dispersion engineering of Si nanophotonic wires using a thin conformal silicon nitride film deposited around the Si core. Simulations show that this approach may be used to achieve the dispersion characteristics required for broadband, phase-matched, four-wave mixing processes, while simultaneously maintaining strong modal confinement within the Si core for high effective nonlinearity.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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2008 (2)

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photonics 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 2, 170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (7)

2006 (7)

2004 (2)

V. Raghunathan, R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 34 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, Opt. Express 12, 5269 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

H. R. Philipp, J. Electrochem. Soc. 120, 295 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

Agrawal, G. P.

Boyraz, O.

Carlie, N.

Chen, X.

X. Chen, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. G.

Chou, C. Y.

Claps, R.

V. Raghunathan, R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 34 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 2, 170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J.

Dadap, J. I.

de Sterke, C. M.

Dimitropoulos, D.

V. Raghunathan, R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 34 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dinu, M.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dulkeith, E.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fauchet, P. M.

Feng, N. N.

Foster, M.

Foster, M. A.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photonics 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 15, 12949 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 14, 4357 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

Garcia, H.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Geraghty, D. F.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photonics 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. Foster, A. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 15, 7802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Green, W. M.

Green, W. M. J.

Hsieh, I. W.

Hu, J. J.

Jalali, B.

O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, Opt. Express 12, 5269 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Raghunathan, R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 34 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA (Academic, 1997).

Kimerling, L.

Koch, T. L.

I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA (Academic, 1997).

Lamont, M. R. E.

Lee, M.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 2, 170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

Liu, X. P.

Lou, J.

Manolatou, C.

McNab, S. J.

Osgood, R.

Osgood, R. M.

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solid (Academic, 1998).

Paniccia, M.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 2, 170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Panoiu, N. C.

Petit, L.

Philipp, H. R.

H. R. Philipp, J. Electrochem. Soc. 120, 295 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Quochi, F.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Raday, O.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 2, 170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Raghunathan, V.

V. Raghunathan, R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 34 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.

Rong, H. S.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 2, 170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Salem, R.

Schares, L.

Schmidt, B. S.

Sharping, J. E.

Sih, V.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 2, 170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L. M.

Turner, A.

Turner, A. C.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photonics 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 15, 12949 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 14, 4357 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Wang, J. F.

Xia, F. N.

Xu, S. B.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 2, 170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Z. Z.

Yin, L. H.

Zhang, J. D.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

V. Raghunathan, R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 34 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. Chen, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

H. R. Philipp, J. Electrochem. Soc. 120, 295 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, Nat. Photonics 2, 170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photonics 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (11)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA (Academic, 1997).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solid (Academic, 1998).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

GVD for the fundamental quasi-TE mode of a Si nanophotonic wire having dimensions w = 450 nm , h = 220 nm , for different Si 3 N 4 overlayer thicknesses. Inset, Si nanophotonic wire cross section.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Short-wavelength ZGVD contours for the fundamental quasi-TE mode versus Si 3 N 4 overlayer thickness and nanophotonic wire width. The wire height is 220 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Effective nonlinearity for the fundamental quasi-TE mode of a nanophotonic wire with w = 450 nm , h = 220 nm , for different Si 3 N 4 overlayer thicknesses. The curve marked with stars is for a large-core oxide-clad waveguide with w = 600 nm , h = 300 nm . (b) Simulated overlayer thickness-dependent parametric wavelength conversion efficiency for 2 - cm -long nanophotonic wire pumped at λ = 1.47 μ m with power 0.4 W .

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