Abstract

We describe a transmission dark-field digital holographic microscope based on a Mach–Zehnder configuration for the detection of nanosize objects or objects smaller than the optical resolution limit. An optical stop adequately placed in the object beam removes the nondiffracted beam while keeping the light scattered by the object. This configuration combines an improved detection of objects smaller than the optical resolution with the refocusing capability yielded by digital holography. A theoretical analysis and an experimental demonstration are provided.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (3)

2007 (4)

2006 (4)

2005 (4)

2003 (1)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1986 (1)

Absil, É.

Alfieri, D.

L. Miccio, D. Alfieri, S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, L. De Petrocellis, and S. De Nicola, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Allano, D.

Aspert, N.

Atlan, M.

Badizadegan, K.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 060503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Best, C. A.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 060503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bevilacqua, F.

Brunel, M.

Cang, H.

H. Cang, C. S. Xu, and H. Yang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 457, 285 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Castro, A.

Charrière, F.

Coëtmellec, S.

Colomb, T.

Coppey-Moisan, M.

Cuche, E.

Dasari, R. R.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 060503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. S.

de Jong, J.

De Nicola, S.

L. Miccio, D. Alfieri, S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, L. De Petrocellis, and S. De Nicola, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

De Petrocellis, L.

L. Miccio, D. Alfieri, S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, L. De Petrocellis, and S. De Nicola, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Denis, L.

Depeursinge, C.

Desbiolles, P.

Ducottet, C.

Dupas, C.

M. Lahmani, C. Dupas, and P. Houdy, Les Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies et Nanophysique, (Belin, 2004).

Emery, Y.

Feld, M. S.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 060503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ferraro, P.

L. Miccio, D. Alfieri, S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, L. De Petrocellis, and S. De Nicola, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Finizio, A.

L. Miccio, D. Alfieri, S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, L. De Petrocellis, and S. De Nicola, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fournel, T.

Fournier, C.

Frauel, Y.

Garcia-Sucerquia, J.

Grilli, S.

L. Miccio, D. Alfieri, S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, L. De Petrocellis, and S. De Nicola, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gross, M.

Houdy, P.

M. Lahmani, C. Dupas, and P. Houdy, Les Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies et Nanophysique, (Belin, 2004).

Hu, Q.

Ignatovich, F. V.

F. V. Ignatovich and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 013901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikeda, T.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 060503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Javidi, B.

Jericho, M. H.

Jericho, S. K.

Jeulin, D.

Klages, P.

Kreis, T.

Kreuzer, H. J.

Kühn, J.

Lahmani, M.

M. Lahmani, C. Dupas, and P. Houdy, Les Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies et Nanophysique, (Belin, 2004).

Lebrun, D.

Li, W.

Loomis, N. C.

Magistretti, P. J.

Malek, M.

Marquet, P.

McDonald, J. B.

McElhinney, C. P.

Meinertzhagen, I. A.

Meng, H.

Miccio, L.

L. Miccio, D. Alfieri, S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, L. De Petrocellis, and S. De Nicola, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Naughton, T. J.

Nicolas, F.

Novotny, L.

F. V. Ignatovich and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 013901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popescu, G.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 060503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pu, Y.

Rappaz, B.

Shamir, J.

J. Shamir, Optical Systems and Processes (SPIE Press, 1999).
[CrossRef]

Tessier, G.

Xu, C. S.

H. Cang, C. S. Xu, and H. Yang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 457, 285 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

Yamaguchi, I.

Yang, H.

H. Cang, C. S. Xu, and H. Yang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 457, 285 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Miccio, D. Alfieri, S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, L. De Petrocellis, and S. De Nicola, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 041104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Cang, C. S. Xu, and H. Yang, Chem. Phys. Lett. 457, 285 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, C. A. Best, K. Badizadegan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 060503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. V. Ignatovich and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 013901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

M. Lahmani, C. Dupas, and P. Houdy, Les Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies et Nanophysique, (Belin, 2004).

J. Shamir, Optical Systems and Processes (SPIE Press, 1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dark-field system implemented in a digital holographic microscope. BS1 and BS2; beam splitters; NDF; neutral density filter; M1 and M2; mirrors; L1, L2, and L3; lenses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

On the same part of the field of view. (a) Bright-field intensity image recorded in focus. (b) Dark-field intensity image recorded in focus. (c) Refocused dark-field intensity image by digital holography over a distance of 400 μ m . The scale bar indicates a distance of 20 μ m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Refocusing by digital holographic reconstruction of two particles in solution separated by a distance of 30 μ m : (a) hologram with the two sets of fringe patterns, (b) refocused bottom particle, (c) refocused upper particle. The scale bar indicates a distance of 20 μ m .

Equations (1)

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u 1 ( x , y ) = B w ( x , y ) [ 1 S ( D 2 λ a ) 2 ( F circ ) ( ( a x b + x 0 ) D 2 λ a , ( a y b + y 0 ) D 2 λ a ) ] ,

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