Abstract

We demonstrate a scalable approach for the generation of high average power femtosecond (fs) pulse trains from Ti:sapphire by optically injection locking a resonant amplification cavity. We generate up to 7  W average power with over 30% optical extraction efficiency in a 68fs pulse train operating at 95MHz. This master oscillator power amplifier approach allows independent optimization of the fs laser while enabling efficient amplification to high average powers. The technique also enables coherent synchronization among multiple fs laser sources.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

J. L. Hall, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1279 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hansch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hansch, Nature (London) 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 13, 1672 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Roser, J. Rothhard, B. Ortac, A. Liem, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tunnermann, Opt. Lett. 30, 2754 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

2000 (2)

Z. L. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Jones, J. C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, Opt. Commun. 175, 409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Apolonski, A.

A. Fernandez, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 395 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bergeson, S. D.

Cummings, E. A.

Diels, J. C.

R. J. Jones, J. C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, Opt. Commun. 175, 409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Fernandez, A.

A. Fernandez, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 395 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hansch, Nature (London) 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1279 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hansch, T. W.

T. W. Hansch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hansch, Nature (London) 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Herrmann, M.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hansch, Nature (London) 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hicken, M. S.

Holzwarth, R.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hansch, Nature (London) 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, D. D.

Jasapara, J.

R. J. Jones, J. C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, Opt. Commun. 175, 409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R. J.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 13, 1672 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 27, 1848 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Jones, J. C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, Opt. Commun. 175, 409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Katsuragawa, M.

Kozeki, T.

Z. L. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

A. Fernandez, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 395 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hansch, Nature (London) 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lermann, G.

A. Fernandez, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 395 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Liu, Z. L.

Z. L. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marcinkevicius, A.

Moll, K. D.

K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 13, 1672 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murakami, H.

Z. L. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ohtake, H.

Z. L. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Onose, T.

Ortac, B.

Pervak, V.

A. Fernandez, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 395 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenberger, J.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hansch, Nature (London) 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roser, F.

Rothhard, J.

Rudolph, W.

R. J. Jones, J. C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, Opt. Commun. 175, 409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sarukura, N.

Z. L. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Schuessler, H. A.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hansch, Nature (London) 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A.

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Thorpe, M. J.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tunnermann, A.

Udem, T.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hansch, Nature (London) 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Verhoef, A.

A. Fernandez, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 395 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Yost, D. C.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Fernandez, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 87, 395 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. L. Liu, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hansch, Nature (London) 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. J. Jones, J. C. Diels, J. Jasapara, and W. Rudolph, Opt. Commun. 175, 409 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

J. L. Hall, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1279 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hansch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of injection locking with a fs frequency comb: NGDD, negative GDD mirrors; PZT, piezo transducer for cavity length control; FM, frequency modulation for dither lock; PD, photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured (black) interferometric autocorrelation of the 68 fs pulse at 6.85   W average output power and calculated (gray) interferometric autocorrelation of a Fourier transform-limited 65 fs pulse retrieved from the spectrum of the fsAC. Baseline offset is added for comparison.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Amplified spectrum from the fsAC as the pump power is varied from 1 to 18.5   W with 0.9   W incident from the laser. Inset shows the corresponding output power for each spectrum shown. (b) Incident (solid curve), amplified (dashed curve), and combined (gray curve) laser spectrum. The spectral interference fringes demonstrate the coherence of the injection-locking process across the broad bandwidth of the laser. The inset shows the heterodyne beat note (linear scale) between the incident fs comb and the amplified fs comb offset by 40 MHz using an acousto-optic modulator. The beatnote linewidth is limited by the 9 Hz resolution bandwidth of the spectrum analyzer.

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