Abstract

We propose a promising scheme to produce extreme ultraviolet frequency combs through high-harmonic generation with a surface-enhanced optical field. High harmonics are generated in a wavelength-scale spatial region and show a noticeable emission probability at an angle around 10° relative to the surface. This can be further controlled with an additional static electric field or polarization-gated scheme, leading to enhanced energy conversion efficiency and extra even-order harmonic generation.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Jones, K. Moll, M. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Moll, R. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 14, 8189 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Wu and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 32, 3315 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  7. I. Baltog, N. Primeau, and R. Reinisch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 656 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Naraoka, H. Okawa, K. Hashimoto, and K. Kajikawa, Opt. Commun. 248, 249 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Wang, J. Wu, and C. Guo, Opt. Lett. 32, 719 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Huard, Polarization of Light (Wiley, 1997).
  11. B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2894 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. E. Irvine and A. Y. Elezzabi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264102 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Zanghellini, Ch. Jungreuthmayer, and T. Brabec, J. Phys. B 39, 709 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mével, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

K. Moll, R. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 14, 8189 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zanghellini, Ch. Jungreuthmayer, and T. Brabec, J. Phys. B 39, 709 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

S. E. Irvine and A. Y. Elezzabi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jones, K. Moll, M. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Naraoka, H. Okawa, K. Hashimoto, and K. Kajikawa, Opt. Commun. 248, 249 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mével, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Baltog, I.

Brabec, T.

J. Zanghellini, Ch. Jungreuthmayer, and T. Brabec, J. Phys. B 39, 709 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I.

I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mével, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Descamps, D.

O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mével, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Elezzabi, A. Y.

S. E. Irvine and A. Y. Elezzabi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fu, P.

B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, C.

Hänsch, T.

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hashimoto, K.

R. Naraoka, H. Okawa, K. Hashimoto, and K. Kajikawa, Opt. Commun. 248, 249 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hay, N.

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, M.

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huard, S.

S. Huard, Polarization of Light (Wiley, 1997).

Irvine, S. E.

S. E. Irvine and A. Y. Elezzabi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

K. Moll, R. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 14, 8189 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jones, K. Moll, M. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jungreuthmayer, Ch.

J. Zanghellini, Ch. Jungreuthmayer, and T. Brabec, J. Phys. B 39, 709 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kajikawa, K.

R. Naraoka, H. Okawa, K. Hashimoto, and K. Kajikawa, Opt. Commun. 248, 249 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Knight, P. L.

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lein, M.

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mével, E.

O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mével, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K.

K. Moll, R. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 14, 8189 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jones, K. Moll, M. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M.

I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Naraoka, R.

R. Naraoka, H. Okawa, K. Hashimoto, and K. Kajikawa, Opt. Commun. 248, 249 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okawa, H.

R. Naraoka, H. Okawa, K. Hashimoto, and K. Kajikawa, Opt. Commun. 248, 249 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Plumridge, J.

O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mével, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Primeau, N.

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Rauschenberger, J.

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reinisch, R.

Schuessler, H.

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tcherbakoff, O.

O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mével, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thorpe, M.

R. Jones, K. Moll, M. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wu, J.

Ye, J.

K. Moll, R. Jones, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 14, 8189 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jones, K. Moll, M. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zanghellini, J.

J. Zanghellini, Ch. Jungreuthmayer, and T. Brabec, J. Phys. B 39, 709 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. E. Irvine and A. Y. Elezzabi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (1)

J. Zanghellini, Ch. Jungreuthmayer, and T. Brabec, J. Phys. B 39, 709 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Naraoka, H. Okawa, K. Hashimoto, and K. Kajikawa, Opt. Commun. 248, 249 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2894 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Tcherbakoff, E. Mével, D. Descamps, J. Plumridge, and E. Constant, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

I. Christov, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jones, K. Moll, M. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

S. Huard, Polarization of Light (Wiley, 1997).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Normalized intensity distribution and (b) temporal profile of the SP resonance-enhanced optical field.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Generated high-harmonic spectra as the atom is exposed to the surface-enhanced optical field with [red (upper) curve] and without [blue (lower) curve] an external static electric field. (b),(c) Intensity distributions of the generated harmonics as the atoms are exposed to various positions close to the surface. (d),(e) Emission probabilities of the generated harmonics as a function of emission angle. (b),(d) and (c),(e) represent, respectively, the results without and with an external static electric field.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Normalized surface-enhanced optical fields under the driving of two identical femtosecond pulses incident from the bottom and right with a zero time delay. (b) Generated harmonic spectrum as the atom is exposed to the polarization-gated surface-enhanced optical field with the peak intensity of each identical pulse as 1.0 × 10 12 W cm 2 . (c) Emission directions of the generated harmonics with polarization-gated surface-enhanced optical field.

Metrics