Abstract

Interstitial negative-charged bismuth dimers, Bi2 and Bi22, are suggested as a model of broadband IR luminescence centers in bismuth-doped glasses. The model is based on quantum-chemical calculations of equilibrium configurations, absorption, luminescence, and luminescence excitation spectra of the dimers in an alumosilicate network and is supported by IR luminescence observed for the first time, to our knowledge, in bismuth-doped polycrystalline magnesium cordierite.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, L279 (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. M. Dianov, Proc. SPIE 6890, 68900H (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MC3.
  4. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur'yanov, and E. M. Dianov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, p. 949.
  5. E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. J. E. Rowe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 576 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. O. Sokolov and V. B. Sulimov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 217, 167 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2254 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Dalton, a molecular electronic structure program, Release 2.0 (2005); see http://www.kjemi.uio.no/software/dalton/dalton.html.
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    [CrossRef]

2008

E. M. Dianov, Proc. SPIE 6890, 68900H (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, L279 (2001)
[CrossRef]

1997

V. O. Sokolov and V. B. Sulimov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 217, 167 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

A. B. Alekseyev, H.-P. Liebermann, R. J. Buenker, G. Hirsch, and Y. Li, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 8956 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Schwartz, D. B. Leong, and R. L. MacConville, Phys. Chem. Miner. 20, 563 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

1987

J. K. Rudra and W. B. Fowler, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8223 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1974

J. E. Rowe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 576 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Alekseyev, A. B.

A. B. Alekseyev, H.-P. Liebermann, R. J. Buenker, G. Hirsch, and Y. Li, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 8956 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Arai, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baldridge, K. K.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Boatz, J. A.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Buenker, R. J.

A. B. Alekseyev, H.-P. Liebermann, R. J. Buenker, G. Hirsch, and Y. Li, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 8956 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, Proc. SPIE 6890, 68900H (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur'yanov, and E. M. Dianov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, p. 949.

Dupuis, M.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur'yanov, and E. M. Dianov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, p. 949.

Elbert, S. T.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Fowler, W. B.

J. K. Rudra and W. B. Fowler, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8223 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, L279 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Gordon, M. S.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Gur'yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur'yanov, and E. M. Dianov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, p. 949.

Haruna, T.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MC3.

Hirsch, G.

A. B. Alekseyev, H.-P. Liebermann, R. J. Buenker, G. Hirsch, and Y. Li, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 8956 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, S.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MC3.

Jensen, J. J.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Kakui, M.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MC3.

Khonthon, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koseki, S.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Leong, D. B.

K. B. Schwartz, D. B. Leong, and R. L. MacConville, Phys. Chem. Miner. 20, 563 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

A. B. Alekseyev, H.-P. Liebermann, R. J. Buenker, G. Hirsch, and Y. Li, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 8956 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liebermann, H.-P.

A. B. Alekseyev, H.-P. Liebermann, R. J. Buenker, G. Hirsch, and Y. Li, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 8956 (1994).
[CrossRef]

MacConville, R. L.

K. B. Schwartz, D. B. Leong, and R. L. MacConville, Phys. Chem. Miner. 20, 563 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur'yanov, and E. M. Dianov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, p. 949.

Matsunaga, N.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, J. A.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, L279 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, K. A.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, M.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MC3.

Rowe, J. E.

J. E. Rowe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 576 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Rudra, J. K.

J. K. Rudra and W. B. Fowler, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8223 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, M. W.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, K. B.

K. B. Schwartz, D. B. Leong, and R. L. MacConville, Phys. Chem. Miner. 20, 563 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, V. O.

V. O. Sokolov and V. B. Sulimov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 217, 167 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Su, S.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Sulimov, V. B.

V. O. Sokolov and V. B. Sulimov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 217, 167 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taru, T.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MC3.

Umnikov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur'yanov, and E. M. Dianov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, p. 949.

Windus, T. L.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur'yanov, and E. M. Dianov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, p. 949.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. E. Rowe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 576 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115, 259 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

A. B. Alekseyev, H.-P. Liebermann, R. J. Buenker, G. Hirsch, and Y. Li, J. Chem. Phys. 100, 8956 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Comput. Chem.

M. W. Schmidt, K. K. Baldridge, J. A. Boatz, S. T. Elbert, M. S. Gordon, J. J. Jensen, S. Koseki, N. Matsunaga, K. A. Nguyen, S. Su, T. L. Windus, M. Dupuis, and J. A. Montgomery, J. Comput. Chem. 14, 1347 (1993); www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess.
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

V. O. Sokolov and V. B. Sulimov, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 217, 167 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2254 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, L279 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Chem. Miner.

K. B. Schwartz, D. B. Leong, and R. L. MacConville, Phys. Chem. Miner. 20, 563 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

J. K. Rudra and W. B. Fowler, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8223 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

E. M. Dianov, Proc. SPIE 6890, 68900H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur'yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

Dalton, a molecular electronic structure program, Release 2.0 (2005); see http://www.kjemi.uio.no/software/dalton/dalton.html.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MC3.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur'yanov, and E. M. Dianov, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2005), Vol. 4, p. 949.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Low-lying states of Bi 2 dimer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Low-lying states of Bi 2 2 dimer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Bi 2 or Bi 2 2 dimer in an alumosilicate network.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Room-temperature IR luminescence in bismuth-doped cordierite excited at (a) 514 nm , (b) 808 nm .

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