Abstract

A mobile Doppler lidar based on an injection-seeded diode-pumped Nd:YAG pulsed laser with a high repetition rate was developed to measure the sea surface wind (SSW) with high spatial and temporal resolution. The system was operated during the 2007 Qingdao International Regatta to measure the distribution of SSW in the racing area in real time with 50100m horizontal resolution and 210min temporal resolution. An observation of nonuniform distribution of SSW is presented. The lidar results are compared with both buoy and wind tower measurements, which show good agreement. This lidar can be used advantageously for the 2008 Olympic sailing games as well as for observing mesoscale and microscale meteorology processes.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Z. S. Liu, D. Wu, J. T. Liu, K. L. Zhang, W. B. Chen, X. Q. Song, J. W. Hair, and C. Y. She, Appl. Opt. 41, 7079 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Z. S. Liu, B. Y. Liu, Z. G. Li, Z. A. Yan, S. H. Wu, and Z. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. B 88, 327 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Y. She, J. Yue, Z. A. Yan, J. W. Hair, J. J. Guo, S. H. Wu, and Z. S. Liu, Appl. Opt. 46, 4444 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Z. Y. Tao, Acta Metrologia Sinica 50, 81 (1992) (in Chinese).
  5. Y. G. Zheng, S. Y. Liu, J. Bai, and Z. Y. Tao, in 31st Conference on Radar Meteorology (American Meteorological Society, 2003), http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/64095.pdf.
  6. C. Paulson, J. Appl. Meteorol. 9, 857 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Large and S. Pond, J. Phys. Oceanogr. 11, 324 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Daniault, M. Champagne-Philippe, M. Camblan, and J. Thépaut, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 385 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Z. S. Liu, B. Y. Liu, Z. G. Li, Z. A. Yan, S. H. Wu, and Z. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. B 88, 327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. She, J. Yue, Z. A. Yan, J. W. Hair, J. J. Guo, S. H. Wu, and Z. S. Liu, Appl. Opt. 46, 4444 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

1992 (1)

Z. Y. Tao, Acta Metrologia Sinica 50, 81 (1992) (in Chinese).

1988 (1)

N. Daniault, M. Champagne-Philippe, M. Camblan, and J. Thépaut, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

W. Large and S. Pond, J. Phys. Oceanogr. 11, 324 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

C. Paulson, J. Appl. Meteorol. 9, 857 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bai, J.

Y. G. Zheng, S. Y. Liu, J. Bai, and Z. Y. Tao, in 31st Conference on Radar Meteorology (American Meteorological Society, 2003), http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/64095.pdf.

Camblan, M.

N. Daniault, M. Champagne-Philippe, M. Camblan, and J. Thépaut, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Champagne-Philippe, M.

N. Daniault, M. Champagne-Philippe, M. Camblan, and J. Thépaut, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W. B.

Daniault, N.

N. Daniault, M. Champagne-Philippe, M. Camblan, and J. Thépaut, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J. J.

Hair, J. W.

Large, W.

W. Large and S. Pond, J. Phys. Oceanogr. 11, 324 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. G.

Z. S. Liu, B. Y. Liu, Z. G. Li, Z. A. Yan, S. H. Wu, and Z. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. B 88, 327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B. Y.

Z. S. Liu, B. Y. Liu, Z. G. Li, Z. A. Yan, S. H. Wu, and Z. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. B 88, 327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. T.

Liu, S. Y.

Y. G. Zheng, S. Y. Liu, J. Bai, and Z. Y. Tao, in 31st Conference on Radar Meteorology (American Meteorological Society, 2003), http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/64095.pdf.

Liu, Z. S.

Paulson, C.

C. Paulson, J. Appl. Meteorol. 9, 857 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Pond, S.

W. Large and S. Pond, J. Phys. Oceanogr. 11, 324 (1981).
[CrossRef]

She, C. Y.

Song, X. Q.

Sun, Z. B.

Z. S. Liu, B. Y. Liu, Z. G. Li, Z. A. Yan, S. H. Wu, and Z. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. B 88, 327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Tao, Acta Metrologia Sinica 50, 81 (1992) (in Chinese).

Y. G. Zheng, S. Y. Liu, J. Bai, and Z. Y. Tao, in 31st Conference on Radar Meteorology (American Meteorological Society, 2003), http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/64095.pdf.

Thépaut, J.

N. Daniault, M. Champagne-Philippe, M. Camblan, and J. Thépaut, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D.

Wu, S. H.

Z. S. Liu, B. Y. Liu, Z. G. Li, Z. A. Yan, S. H. Wu, and Z. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. B 88, 327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. She, J. Yue, Z. A. Yan, J. W. Hair, J. J. Guo, S. H. Wu, and Z. S. Liu, Appl. Opt. 46, 4444 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, Z. A.

C. Y. She, J. Yue, Z. A. Yan, J. W. Hair, J. J. Guo, S. H. Wu, and Z. S. Liu, Appl. Opt. 46, 4444 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. S. Liu, B. Y. Liu, Z. G. Li, Z. A. Yan, S. H. Wu, and Z. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. B 88, 327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yue, J.

Zhang, K. L.

Zheng, Y. G.

Y. G. Zheng, S. Y. Liu, J. Bai, and Z. Y. Tao, in 31st Conference on Radar Meteorology (American Meteorological Society, 2003), http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/64095.pdf.

Acta Metrologia Sinica (1)

Z. Y. Tao, Acta Metrologia Sinica 50, 81 (1992) (in Chinese).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Z. S. Liu, B. Y. Liu, Z. G. Li, Z. A. Yan, S. H. Wu, and Z. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. B 88, 327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Meteorol. (1)

C. Paulson, J. Appl. Meteorol. 9, 857 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

N. Daniault, M. Champagne-Philippe, M. Camblan, and J. Thépaut, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 5, 385 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Oceanogr. (1)

W. Large and S. Pond, J. Phys. Oceanogr. 11, 324 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Y. G. Zheng, S. Y. Liu, J. Bai, and Z. Y. Tao, in 31st Conference on Radar Meteorology (American Meteorological Society, 2003), http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/64095.pdf.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mobile Doppler lidar during scanning measurement (exposure time of photo: 16 s ).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the mobile Doppler lidar.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SSW measured with 1.25 ° elevation at 8:10–8:20 a.m. on August 22, 2007. The height is (a) indicated by the contour lines and (b) corrected to the reference height of 10 m . Wind direction and speed with 50 m resolution are denoted by arrows and colors.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of 10 min averaged SSW among lidar, buoy, and wind tower from August 15 to 23, 2007.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Main Parameters of the Lidar System

Equations (2)

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V LOS , i = R W , i r 0 r 0 S ,
u ( z ) = u * k [ ln ( z z 0 ) ψ m ( z L ) ] ,

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