Abstract

We report a ring-cavity thulium fiber laser mode locked with a single-wall carbon nanotube absorber used in transmission. A carboxymethyl cellulose polymer film with incorporated carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method has an absorption coinciding with in the amplification bandwidth of a Tm-doped fiber. This laser is pumped by an erbium fiber laser at 1.57μm wavelength and produces a 37MHz train of mode-locked 1.32ps pulses at 1.93μm wavelength with an average output power of 3.4mW.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.
  2. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumo, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y.-W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 32, 148 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. N. Il'ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, P. P. Pashinin, V. I. Konov, and S. V. Garnov, Quantum Electron. 34, 785 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. N. Il'ichev, S. V. Garnov, and E. D. Obraztsova, in AIP Conference Proceedings, Subseries: Materials and Applications (Kluwer, 2005), Vol. 786, pp. 611-616
  8. S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Imeshev and M. Fermann, Opt. Express 13, 7424 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

Y.-W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 32, 148 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumo, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. N. Il'ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, P. P. Pashinin, V. I. Konov, and S. V. Garnov, Quantum Electron. 34, 785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Achiba, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumo, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

Bukin, V. V.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, A. I.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Elliot, J.

Fermann, M.

Garnov, S. V.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Il'ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, P. P. Pashinin, V. I. Konov, and S. V. Garnov, Quantum Electron. 34, 785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Il'ichev, S. V. Garnov, and E. D. Obraztsova, in AIP Conference Proceedings, Subseries: Materials and Applications (Kluwer, 2005), Vol. 786, pp. 611-616

Goh, C. S.

Guina, M.

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hakulinen, T.

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Il'ichev, N. N.

N. N. Il'ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, P. P. Pashinin, V. I. Konov, and S. V. Garnov, Quantum Electron. 34, 785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Il'ichev, S. V. Garnov, and E. D. Obraztsova, in AIP Conference Proceedings, Subseries: Materials and Applications (Kluwer, 2005), Vol. 786, pp. 611-616

Imeshev, G.

Inoue, Y.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jablonski, M.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

Kataura, H.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumo, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

Kikuchi, K.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

Kivisto, S.

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konov, V. I.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Il'ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, P. P. Pashinin, V. I. Konov, and S. V. Garnov, Quantum Electron. 34, 785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Konyashchenko, A. V.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kryukov, P. G.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kutovoi, S. A.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lobach, A. S.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, S.

Murakami, Y.

Namiki, S.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumo, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Obraztsov, P. A.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Obraztsova, E. D.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Il'ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, P. P. Pashinin, V. I. Konov, and S. V. Garnov, Quantum Electron. 34, 785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Il'ichev, S. V. Garnov, and E. D. Obraztsova, in AIP Conference Proceedings, Subseries: Materials and Applications (Kluwer, 2005), Vol. 786, pp. 611-616

Okhotnikov, O. G.

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pan, N.

Pashinin, P. P.

N. N. Il'ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, P. P. Pashinin, V. I. Konov, and S. V. Garnov, Quantum Electron. 34, 785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

Rozhin, A. G.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumo, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakakibara, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumo, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

Set, S. Y.

Y.-W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 32, 148 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

Sharp, R. C.

Shcherbakov, I. A.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sirotkin, A. A.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Solokhin, S. A.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.-W.

Spock, D. E.

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

Tausenev, A. V.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tokumo, M.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumo, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tokumoto, M.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

Yaguchi, H.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

Yamashita, S.

Zagumennyi, Y. D.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zavartsev, Y. D.

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumo, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Kivisto, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19, 934 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

S. V. Garnov, S. A. Solokhin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, P. A. Obraztsov, A. I. Chernov, V. V. Bukin, A. A. Sirotkin, Y. D. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Quantum Electron. (2)

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 37, 205 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Il'ichev, E. D. Obraztsova, P. P. Pashinin, V. I. Konov, and S. V. Garnov, Quantum Electron. 34, 785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

N. N. Il'ichev, S. V. Garnov, and E. D. Obraztsova, in AIP Conference Proceedings, Subseries: Materials and Applications (Kluwer, 2005), Vol. 786, pp. 611-616

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), PD44.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmittance optical spectra of the pure CMC film (upper curve) and the CMC film with carbon nanotubes (lower curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scheme of the ring-cavity Tm-doped fiber laser mode locked with a carbon nanotube absorber. PC, polarization controller; NT film, CMC polymer film with incorporated carbon nanotubes; FC/PC, fiber connector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output pulse train with a repetition rate of 37 MHz . Inset, a pulse train in a 2 μ s time segment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

A typical output spectrum on a linear scale. Inset, spectrum on a logarithmic scale.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Autocorrelation trace of the output pulses.

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