Abstract

We have succeeded in achieving independent control of the repetition rate and optical frequency of a pulse laser by employing a regenerative mode-locking technique. By adopting a voltage-controlled microwave phase shifter or an optical delay line in a regenerative feedback loop we can control the repetition rate of the laser without directly disturbing the optical frequencies. We experimentally show how this independent control can be realized by employing a 40GHz harmonically and regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. G. Weber and M. Nakazawa, Ultrahigh-Speed Optical Transmission Technology (Springer, 2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).
  3. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 548 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1166 (2004).
  8. M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

H. G. Weber and M. Nakazawa, Ultrahigh-Speed Optical Transmission Technology (Springer, 2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1166 (2004).

2000 (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harada, S.

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1166 (2004).

Holzwarth, R.

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasai, K.

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

H. G. Weber and M. Nakazawa, Ultrahigh-Speed Optical Transmission Technology (Springer, 2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1166 (2004).

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, N.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Steinmeyer, G.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, A.

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. G.

H. G. Weber and M. Nakazawa, Ultrahigh-Speed Optical Transmission Technology (Springer, 2007).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yaguchi, T.

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1166 (2004).

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1166 (2004).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Electron. Express (1)

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Electron. Express 3, 487 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1166 (2004).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

H. G. Weber and M. Nakazawa, Ultrahigh-Speed Optical Transmission Technology (Springer, 2007).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configurations of regeneratively MLFLs with different PLL circuits: (a) Conventional MLFL with PLL feedback to the laser cavity, (b) new MLFL with microwave phase control for PLL, and (c) new MLFL with an optical delay control for PLL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output laser characteristics of a regeneratively MLFL at 40 GHz : (a) Output power versus pumping power, (b) longitudinal spectral profile, (c) output pulse waveform, and (d) electrical spectrum at 40 GHz measured with an electrical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Changes in the repetition rate and optical frequency of regeneratively MLFLs corresponding to Figs. 1a, 1b, 1c. (a-1) and (a-2), (b-1) and (b-2), and (c-1) and (c-2) correspond to Figs. 1a, 1b, 1c, respectively.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f opt = m f rep + f CEO ,
f rep = q ( v g l opt ) .
ϕ micro ( T cavity ) + ϕ micro ( T feedback ) = 2 N π ,
2 π f rep { l opt + δ l opt ( V PZT ) v g ( λ ) + l electrical v micro } + ϕ filter ( f rep ) = 2 N π .

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