Abstract

A phase-sensitive optical low-coherence reflectometry (OLCR) technique is demonstrated to simultaneously measure the absolute chromatic dispersion values of each guided LP mode of a few-mode fiber. We show that the OLCR technique requires only short samples of fiber (<1m) and has no need for high-ratio mode converters to reach an accurate wavelength-dependent group delay evolution of every mode. As an example we present for the first time to our knowledge a direct and complete analysis of few-mode fibers with high, low, positive, and negative modal dispersion values, leading to chromatic dispersion parameters in good agreement with theoretical predictions.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Ramachandran, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3426 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, Opt. Lett. 31, 1797 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Menashe, M. Tur, and Y. Danziger, Electron. Lett. 37, 1439 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A.-F. Obaton, Y. Jaouën, C. Palavicini, and C. Lepers, in Proceedings of the Lightwave Technologies in Instrumentation and Measurement Conference, 2004 (IEEE, 2004), p. 62.
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. L. François, F. Alard, and M. Monerie, Electron. Lett. 23, 357 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Dyer and K. B. Rochford, Electron. Lett. 35, 1485 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Palavicini, Y. Jaouën, G. Debarge, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, C. Lepers, A.-F. Obaton, and G. Melin, Opt. Lett. 30, 361 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Palavicini, C. Campuzano, B. Thedrez, Y. Jaouën, and P. Gallion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1683 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Varelas, A. Iocco, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathé, S. A. Vasiliev, E. M. Dianov, O. I. Medvedkov, and V. N. Protopopov, Opt. Lett. 24, 1106 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. U. Wiedmann, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1343 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2003 (2)

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Palavicini, C. Campuzano, B. Thedrez, Y. Jaouën, and P. Gallion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

D. Menashe, M. Tur, and Y. Danziger, Electron. Lett. 37, 1439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1987 (1)

P. L. François, F. Alard, and M. Monerie, Electron. Lett. 23, 357 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Alard, F.

P. L. François, F. Alard, and M. Monerie, Electron. Lett. 23, 357 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Campuzano, C.

C. Palavicini, C. Campuzano, B. Thedrez, Y. Jaouën, and P. Gallion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Danziger, Y.

D. Menashe, M. Tur, and Y. Danziger, Electron. Lett. 37, 1439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Debarge, G.

Dianov, E. M.

Dimarcello, F. V.

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, Opt. Lett. 31, 1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

Duan, G.-H.

Dyer, S.

S. Dyer and K. B. Rochford, Electron. Lett. 35, 1485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, J. W.

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

François, P. L.

P. L. François, F. Alard, and M. Monerie, Electron. Lett. 23, 357 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gallion, P.

C. Palavicini, C. Campuzano, B. Thedrez, Y. Jaouën, and P. Gallion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Wiedmann, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1343 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ghalmi, S.

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, Opt. Lett. 31, 1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Iocco, A.

Jaouën, Y.

C. Palavicini, Y. Jaouën, G. Debarge, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, C. Lepers, A.-F. Obaton, and G. Melin, Opt. Lett. 30, 361 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Palavicini, C. Campuzano, B. Thedrez, Y. Jaouën, and P. Gallion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A.-F. Obaton, Y. Jaouën, C. Palavicini, and C. Lepers, in Proceedings of the Lightwave Technologies in Instrumentation and Measurement Conference, 2004 (IEEE, 2004), p. 62.
[CrossRef]

Kerrinckx, E.

Lepers, C.

C. Palavicini, Y. Jaouën, G. Debarge, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, C. Lepers, A.-F. Obaton, and G. Melin, Opt. Lett. 30, 361 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.-F. Obaton, Y. Jaouën, C. Palavicini, and C. Lepers, in Proceedings of the Lightwave Technologies in Instrumentation and Measurement Conference, 2004 (IEEE, 2004), p. 62.
[CrossRef]

Limberger, H. G.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melin, G.

Menashe, D.

D. Menashe, M. Tur, and Y. Danziger, Electron. Lett. 37, 1439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Monberg, E.

Monberg, E. A.

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

P. L. François, F. Alard, and M. Monerie, Electron. Lett. 23, 357 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, Opt. Lett. 31, 1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Obaton, A.-F.

C. Palavicini, Y. Jaouën, G. Debarge, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, C. Lepers, A.-F. Obaton, and G. Melin, Opt. Lett. 30, 361 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.-F. Obaton, Y. Jaouën, C. Palavicini, and C. Lepers, in Proceedings of the Lightwave Technologies in Instrumentation and Measurement Conference, 2004 (IEEE, 2004), p. 62.
[CrossRef]

Palavicini, C.

C. Palavicini, Y. Jaouën, G. Debarge, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, C. Lepers, A.-F. Obaton, and G. Melin, Opt. Lett. 30, 361 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Palavicini, C. Campuzano, B. Thedrez, Y. Jaouën, and P. Gallion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A.-F. Obaton, Y. Jaouën, C. Palavicini, and C. Lepers, in Proceedings of the Lightwave Technologies in Instrumentation and Measurement Conference, 2004 (IEEE, 2004), p. 62.
[CrossRef]

Protopopov, V. N.

Quiquempois, Y.

Ramachandran, S.

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, Opt. Lett. 31, 1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3426 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rochford, K. B.

S. Dyer and K. B. Rochford, Electron. Lett. 35, 1485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Salathé, R. P.

Thedrez, B.

C. Palavicini, C. Campuzano, B. Thedrez, Y. Jaouën, and P. Gallion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tur, M.

D. Menashe, M. Tur, and Y. Danziger, Electron. Lett. 37, 1439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Varelas, D.

Vasiliev, S. A.

Wiedmann, U.

Wisk, P.

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, Opt. Lett. 31, 1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, Opt. Lett. 31, 1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

P. L. François, F. Alard, and M. Monerie, Electron. Lett. 23, 357 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. Dyer and K. B. Rochford, Electron. Lett. 35, 1485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Menashe, M. Tur, and Y. Danziger, Electron. Lett. 37, 1439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. Palavicini, C. Campuzano, B. Thedrez, Y. Jaouën, and P. Gallion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1683 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, E. A. Monberg, F. V. DiMarcello, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, and J. W. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

A.-F. Obaton, Y. Jaouën, C. Palavicini, and C. Lepers, in Proceedings of the Lightwave Technologies in Instrumentation and Measurement Conference, 2004 (IEEE, 2004), p. 62.
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Phase-sensitive OLCR setup. DAQ, data acquisition.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

HOM fiber: (a) input and output face reflectograms; (b) GD evolution.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output face reflectograms of an HOM fiber with overlapping modes: (a) simulated reflectogram; (b) experimental reflectogram.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Four output face reflectograms of a HOM fiber: (a) without any specific conditions, (b) filtering the source (L band), (c) bending the fiber, (d) shifting the injection point.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated values of (a) the GD and (b) the GVD.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Theoretical versus Experimental GVD 1550 nm

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( τ ) 1 4 π R e { + S ( ω ) r ̃ ( ω ) e j ω τ d ω } ,
t g = d d ω [ ϕ rear ( ω ) ϕ front ( ω ) ] .

Metrics