Abstract

We report an ultrafast cross phase modulation (XPM) effect in intersubband transition (ISBT) of InGaAsAlAsAlAsSb coupled quantum wells, where the ISBT absorption of a transverse-magnetic mode pump signal induces phase modulation of a transverse-electric mode probe signal. Using waveguide-type ISBT devices, we have achieved XPM-based 10Gbits wavelength conversion with a power penalty of 2.53dB. Also, we propose XPM-based signal processing circuits for gate switching and modulation format conversion.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Akiyama, N. Georgiev, T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. V. Gopal, and O. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 495 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1134 (2004).
  4. S. Sekiguchi, T. Simoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFE4.
    [PubMed]
  5. R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2006

N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1134 (2004).

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

T. Akiyama, N. Georgiev, T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. V. Gopal, and O. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 495 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Akimoto, R.

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Akita, K.

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, T.

T. Akiyama, N. Georgiev, T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. V. Gopal, and O. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 495 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ema, K.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Georgiev, N.

T. Akiyama, N. Georgiev, T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. V. Gopal, and O. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 495 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gopal, A. V.

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1134 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Akiyama, N. Georgiev, T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. V. Gopal, and O. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 495 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hamazaki, J.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hasama, T.

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iizuka, N.

N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, H.

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1134 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Sekiguchi, T. Simoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFE4.
[PubMed]

Kanazawa, H.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, K.

N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kasai, J.

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1134 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Sekiguchi, T. Simoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFE4.
[PubMed]

Khurgin, J. B.

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, A.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kishino, K.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kunugita, H.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, B. S.

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, S.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mozume, T.

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1134 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Akiyama, N. Georgiev, T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. V. Gopal, and O. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 495 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Sekiguchi, T. Simoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFE4.
[PubMed]

Sekiguchi, S.

S. Sekiguchi, T. Simoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFE4.
[PubMed]

Shimoyama, T.

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1134 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Simoyama, T.

S. Sekiguchi, T. Simoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFE4.
[PubMed]

Soref, R. A.

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, G.

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, N.

N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tachibana, T.

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wada, O.

T. Akiyama, N. Georgiev, T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. V. Gopal, and O. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 495 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1134 (2004).

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Akiyama, N. Georgiev, T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. V. Gopal, and O. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 495 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Sekiguchi, T. Simoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFE4.
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. Akimoto, B. S. Li, K. Akita, and T. Hasama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun, J. B. Khurgin, and R. A. Soref, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Hamazaki, S. Matsui, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, H. Kanazawa, T. Tachibana, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1102 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

N. Iizuka, K. Kaneko, and N. Suzuki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Akiyama, N. Georgiev, T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. V. Gopal, and O. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 495 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Shimoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, A. V. Gopal, and H. Ishikawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1363 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron.

H. Yoshida, T. Shimoyama, A. V. Gopal, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1134 (2004).

Other

S. Sekiguchi, T. Simoyama, H. Yoshida, J. Kasai, T. Mozume, and H. Ishikawa, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFE4.
[PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagrams of the experimental setup. Insets (a), (b), and (c) represent eye diagrams for the pump signal and probe signal at the interferometer output and the output signal from the limiting amplifier, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical sampling waveforms for the probe signal at the interferometer output. Traces A, B, and C are obtained with sample 1 by setting the phase bias at π 2 , 0, and π rad , respectively. (b) Peak-to-peak phase shift as a function of pump energy per pulse. Curves A, B, and C are obtained with the samples 1, 2, and 3, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER curves plotted as a function of the received power. Curve A corresponds to back-to-back operation, while curves B and C are obtained with the samples 3 and 1, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic diagrams of (a) optical gate switch, (b) OOK-PSK, and (c) OOK-DPSK modulation format converters.

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