Abstract

We show that a glass microsphere resonator can be used as a wavelength-selective mirror in fiber lasers. Due to their high quality factor (Q108), microsphere resonators possess a narrow reflection bandwidth. This feature enables construction of single-frequency fiber lasers even when the laser cavity is long. Nonlinear effects (such as stimulated Raman lasing) were also observed in our setup at relatively low pump powers.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroch, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. V. V. Vasiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2004

2003

F. Vollmer, S. Arnold, D. Braun, I. Teraoka, and A. Libchaber, Biophys. J. 85, 1974 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 415, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Opt. Lett. 27, 1669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

V. V. Vasiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroch, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Lett. 21, 453 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

Armani, D. K.

Arnold, S.

F. Vollmer, S. Arnold, D. Braun, I. Teraoka, and A. Libchaber, Biophys. J. 85, 1974 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

Braun, D.

F. Vollmer, S. Arnold, D. Braun, I. Teraoka, and A. Libchaber, Biophys. J. 85, 1974 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheung, G.

Gorodetsky, M. L.

V. V. Vasiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Lett. 21, 453 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hare, J.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroch, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 20, 1835 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haroch, S.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroch, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

Hollberg, L.

V. V. Vasiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

V. V. Vasiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Lett. 21, 453 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacques, F.

Kippenberg, T. J.

Knight, J. C.

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroch, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 20, 1835 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Libchaber, A.

F. Vollmer, S. Arnold, D. Braun, I. Teraoka, and A. Libchaber, Biophys. J. 85, 1974 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raimond, J. M.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroch, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Raimond, J.-M.

Sandoghdar, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroch, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 20, 1835 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savchenkov, A. A.

Spillane, S. M.

Teraoka, I.

F. Vollmer, S. Arnold, D. Braun, I. Teraoka, and A. Libchaber, Biophys. J. 85, 1974 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Treussart, F.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroch, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

Vasiliev, V. V.

V. V. Vasiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Velichansky, V. L.

V. V. Vasiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vollmer, F.

F. Vollmer, S. Arnold, D. Braun, I. Teraoka, and A. Libchaber, Biophys. J. 85, 1974 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiss, D. S.

Yarovitsky, A. V.

V. V. Vasiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Biophys. J.

F. Vollmer, S. Arnold, D. Braun, I. Teraoka, and A. Libchaber, Biophys. J. 85, 1974 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 415, 621 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

V. V. Vasiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroch, Phys. Rev. A 54, 1777 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) WGM spectra of a silica microsphere resonator (diameter 150 μ m ). Black curve, reflection measurement; red curve, transmission measurement. The spectra, being independently normalized, are not on the same scale. (b). Doublet resonance structure of a WGM. Inset, photograph of the microsphere-taper system (microsphere diameter 150 μ m , taper diameter 2 μ m ).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diagram showing our fiber laser with a microsphere reflector at one end of the cavity. WDM, wavelength division multiplexer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Laser output spectrum at 3 mW pump power. Inset, laser output power versus pump power. (b) Laser output spectrum at 6 mW pump power. Inset, detailed spectrum of the laser line on a linear scale. (c). Laser output spectrum at 14 mW pump power. Note that a new laser line at λ = 1667 nm has been generated. The laser radiation at λ 1553 nm pumps the microsphere, as it must resonate with one of its WGMs to be generated in the first place. Due to this pumping, Raman lasing at 1667 nm occurs inside the high-Q cavity of the microsphere.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Beat signal between the fiber laser output and a single-frequency tunable diode laser.

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