Abstract

A broad visible luminescence band and characteristic IR luminescence of Yb3+ ions are observed under UV excitation in ytterbium-doped aluminosilicate glass. Samples made under both oxidizing and reducing conditions are analyzed. A strong charge-transfer absorption band in the UV range is observed for glass samples containing ytterbium. Additional absorption bands are observed for the sample made under reducing conditions, which are associated with fd transitions of divalent ytterbium. The visible luminescence band is attributed to 5d4f emission from Yb2+ ions, and the IR luminescence is concluded to originate from a relaxed charge-transfer transition. The findings are important to explain induced optical losses (photodarkening) in high-power fiber lasers.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2007 (1)

2006 (1)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

P. Dorenbos, Chem. Mater. 17, 6452 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Pédrini, Phys. Status Solidi A 2, 185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

P. Dorenbos, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15, 2645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. van Pieterson, M. Heeroma, E. de Heer, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 91, 177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

S. Lizzo, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Lumin. 59, 185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

J. Rubio, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52, 101 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

Y. Suemune, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 22, 1669 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

M. Cohen and L. Makar, Phys. Status Solidi A 73, 593 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

C. Jørgensen, in Vol. 12 of Progress in Inorganic Chemistry, S. Lippard, ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 1970), p. 119.

1968 (1)

E. Loh, Phys. Rev. 175, 533 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

P. Dorenbos, Chem. Mater. 17, 6452 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

S. Lizzo, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Lumin. 59, 185 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. van Pieterson, M. Heeroma, E. de Heer, and A. Meijerink, J. Lumin. 91, 177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

J. Rubio, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 52, 101 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

P. Dorenbos, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15, 2645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 (1)

Y. Suemune, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 22, 1669 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

E. Loh, Phys. Rev. 175, 533 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (2)

C. Pédrini, Phys. Status Solidi A 2, 185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Cohen and L. Makar, Phys. Status Solidi A 73, 593 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. Engholm and L. Norin, 'Preventing photodarkening in ytterbium-doped high power fiber lasers: correlation to the UV-transparency of the core glass,' submitted to Opt. Express.

G.Blasse and B.Grabmaier, eds., Luminescent Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1994), pp. 49-83.

C. Jørgensen, in Vol. 12 of Progress in Inorganic Chemistry, S. Lippard, ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 1970), p. 119.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of the non-Yb-doped reference sample (lower solid curve), Yb-doped oxidized (dashed curve) and reduced (upper solid curve) sample. Additional absorption bands originated from Yb 2 + ions (dashed–dotted curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Luminescence spectrum of the reduced sample (solid curve) using the 313 nm line of a Mercury lamp. Excitation spectra for the visible (dashed–dotted curve) and the IR luminescence (dashed curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Configurational coordinate diagram for the Yb 3 + ion showing CT luminescence quenching by electron transfer. The configurational coordinate diagram for the Yb 2 + ion is schematically shown in (b).

Equations (1)

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V CT = 30,000 [ χ opt ( O 2 ) χ opt ( Yb 3 + ) ] cm 1 .

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