Abstract

We demonstrated a compact optical amplification system using a fiber taper and rare-earth-doped microsphere. Both the signal and pump beams were injected into the microsphere via the fiber taper to increase the spatial matching between two whispering gallery modes. As the pump power was increased, the resonance dip in the transmission spectra due to intrinsic attenuation in the microsphere became filled and then transited to the resonance gain peak. An amplification factor of up to 2.5 was realized with a microsphere of 63μm in diameter.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. M. Choi, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 26, 1236 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Ohishi, A. Mori, M. Yamada, H. Ono, Y. Nishida, and K. Oikawa, Opt. Lett. 23, 274 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Shen, A. Jha, L. Huang, and P. Joshi, Opt. Lett. 30, 1437 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, and M. Shimizu, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1300 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Nilsson, R. Paschotta, J. E. Caplen, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 22, 1092 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. D. Minelly, A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. E. Caplen, Z. J. Chen, and D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 1797 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Jaouen, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. LeFlohic, Electron. Lett. 36, 233 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Shtaif, M. Eiselt, R. W. Tkach, R. H. Stolen, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1796 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, 1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. C. Knight, G. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Lett. 22, 1129 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Casperson and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 293 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406, 277 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. Totsuka and M. Tomita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2194 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213904 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 7, 288 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

2003

2001

2000

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406, 277 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jaouen, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. LeFlohic, Electron. Lett. 36, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. Shtaif, M. Eiselt, R. W. Tkach, R. H. Stolen, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1796 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ohishi, A. Mori, M. Yamada, H. Ono, Y. Nishida, and K. Oikawa, Opt. Lett. 23, 274 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, 1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1989

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1982

1971

L. Casperson and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 293 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bouzinac, J.-P.

Y. Jaouen, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. LeFlohic, Electron. Lett. 36, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Campillo, A. J.

R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Caplen, J. E.

Casperson, L.

L. Casperson and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 293 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Chabran, C.

Y. Jaouen, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. LeFlohic, Electron. Lett. 36, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. J.

Cheung, G.

Chodorow, M.

Choi, J. M.

Delavaux, J.-M. P.

Y. Jaouen, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. LeFlohic, Electron. Lett. 36, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406, 277 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eiselt, M.

M. Shtaif, M. Eiselt, R. W. Tkach, R. H. Stolen, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1796 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gnauck, A. H.

M. Shtaif, M. Eiselt, R. W. Tkach, R. H. Stolen, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1796 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Harter, D.

Huang, L.

Jacques, F.

Jaouen, Y.

Y. Jaouen, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. LeFlohic, Electron. Lett. 36, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

Joshi, P.

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kobayashi, N.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzmich, A.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406, 277 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, R. K.

LeFlohic, M.

Y. Jaouen, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. LeFlohic, Electron. Lett. 36, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, H.

Minelly, J. D.

Mori, A.

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Nishida, Y.

Ohishi, Y.

Oikawa, K.

Ono, H.

Paschotta, R.

Payne, D. N.

Shaw, H. J.

Shen, S.

Shikano, K.

Shimizu, M.

Shtaif, M.

M. Shtaif, M. Eiselt, R. W. Tkach, R. H. Stolen, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1796 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stokes, L. F.

Stolen, R. H.

M. Shtaif, M. Eiselt, R. W. Tkach, R. H. Stolen, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1796 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

M. Shtaif, M. Eiselt, R. W. Tkach, R. H. Stolen, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1796 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, M.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Totsuka and M. Tomita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2194 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Totsuka, K.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Totsuka and M. Tomita, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2194 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. J.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406, 277 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, M.

Yariv, A.

J. M. Choi, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, Opt. Lett. 26, 1236 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Casperson and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 293 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

Y. Jaouen, J.-P. Bouzinac, J.-M. P. Delavaux, C. Chabran, and M. LeFlohic, Electron. Lett. 36, 233 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Shtaif, M. Eiselt, R. W. Tkach, R. H. Stolen, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1796 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406, 277 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Casperson and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 293 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of a fiber-taper-coupled microsphere optical amplification system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Signal transmission spectra through the fiber-taper microsphere system as a function of the laser frequency detuning. Open circles, solid squares, open triangles, solid triangles, open squares, and solid circles are the experimental results for pump powers of 0, 0.5, 2.5, 5, and 10 mW , respectively. The solid curves are the theoretically calculated transmission spectra. The parameters used are x = 0.999977, 0.999995, 1.000008, 1.000010, 1.000015, 1.000021, respectively, while y is kept at 0.999910. (b) Calculated transmission spectra under the undercoupling condition. The parameters used are x = 0.999910 , 0.999977, 0.999999, 1.000000, 1.0000025, and 1.0000055, while y = 0.999977 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Solid circles) experimentally observed peak high (dip depth) and (open squares) frequency width of the resonance as a function of the pump power. The dashed curve and solid line are visual guides for the reader.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T ( v ) = ( 1 γ ) ( 1 ( 1 x 2 ) ( 1 y 2 ) ( 1 x y ) 2 + 4 x y sin 2 ( ϕ ( v ) 2 ) ) ,

Metrics