Abstract

A modulator design capable of producing a new constant intensity modulation format is proposed. The modulator consists of a Mach–Zehnder interferometer containing two polarization modulators. By shifting the relative phase of the electrical drive signal applied to each polarization modulator by 90° a modulation consisting of a carrier and a single sideband, polarized orthogonal to the carrier, is produced.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Montgomery and R. DeSalvo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 434 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. D. Esman and K. J. Williams, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Norcia, S. Tonda-Goldstein, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, and R. Frey, Opt. Lett. 28, 1888 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Kanaev, G. G. Luther, and V. Kovanis, in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE/LEOS2002), Vol. 1, pp. 315-316.
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Bucholtz, V. J. Urick, and A. L. Campillo, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2004 (IEEE2004), pp. 66-69.
  7. A. L. Campillo, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1186 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. L. Campillo and F. Bucholtz, Appl. Opt. 45, 2742 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. L. Campillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1780 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2004 (2)

F. Bucholtz, V. J. Urick, and A. L. Campillo, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2004 (IEEE2004), pp. 66-69.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

A. Kanaev, G. G. Luther, and V. Kovanis, in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE/LEOS2002), Vol. 1, pp. 315-316.
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

R. Montgomery and R. DeSalvo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 434 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Esman and K. J. Williams, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, Z.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

A. L. Campillo and F. Bucholtz, Appl. Opt. 45, 2742 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bucholtz, V. J. Urick, and A. L. Campillo, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2004 (IEEE2004), pp. 66-69.

Bull, J. D.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Campillo, A. L.

A. L. Campillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Campillo and F. Bucholtz, Appl. Opt. 45, 2742 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Campillo, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, V. J. Urick, and A. L. Campillo, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2004 (IEEE2004), pp. 66-69.

DeSalvo, R.

R. Montgomery and R. DeSalvo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 434 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Esman, R. D.

R. D. Esman and K. J. Williams, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fairburn, M.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Frey, R.

Ghanipour, P.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.-P.

Jaeger, N. A. F.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kanaev, A.

A. Kanaev, G. G. Luther, and V. Kovanis, in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE/LEOS2002), Vol. 1, pp. 315-316.
[CrossRef]

Kato, H.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kovanis, V.

A. Kanaev, G. G. Luther, and V. Kovanis, in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE/LEOS2002), Vol. 1, pp. 315-316.
[CrossRef]

Luther, G. G.

A. Kanaev, G. G. Luther, and V. Kovanis, in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE/LEOS2002), Vol. 1, pp. 315-316.
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, R.

R. Montgomery and R. DeSalvo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 434 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Norcia, S.

Novak, D.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reid, A.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, G. H.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tonda-Goldstein, S.

Urick, V. J.

F. Bucholtz, V. J. Urick, and A. L. Campillo, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2004 (IEEE2004), pp. 66-69.

Williams, K. J.

R. D. Esman and K. J. Williams, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, Electron. Lett. 33, 74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

R. Montgomery and R. DeSalvo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 434 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Esman and K. J. Williams, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 218 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Campillo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, Proc. SPIE 5577, 133 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Kanaev, G. G. Luther, and V. Kovanis, in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2002 (IEEE/LEOS2002), Vol. 1, pp. 315-316.
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, V. J. Urick, and A. L. Campillo, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2004 (IEEE2004), pp. 66-69.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

OP-SSB modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illustration of the optical spectrum produced by a polarization modulator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Illustration of the optical spectra for the signals produced by (a) arm 1 and (b) arm 2 of the Mach–Zehnder interferometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Illustration of the optical spectrum produced by the combined output of arm 1 and arm 2 of the interferometer.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup for proof-of-concept demonstration.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical spectrum measured by the OSA at the output of the interferometer. (b) Optical spectrum at the two outputs of the polarizing beam splitter. The solid line shows one output, and the dotted line shows the other.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E out = [ E x E y ] = E in 2 [ exp ( i δ ( t ) 2 ) exp ( i δ ( t ) 2 i Δ θ x y ) ] ,
E out = E in 2 [ 1 0 0 e i Δ θ x y ] { n = J 2 n ( m 2 ) cos ( ( ω 0 + 2 n Ω ) t ) [ 1 1 ] + n = J 2 n + 1 ( m 2 ) cos ( ( ω 0 + ( 2 n + 1 ) Ω ) t ) [ 1 1 ] } ,
E 1 = E 0 2 2 { ( n = J 2 n ( m 2 ) cos ( ω 0 t + 2 n Ω t ) ) [ 1 1 ] + ( n = J 2 n + 1 ( m 2 ) cos ( ω 0 t + [ 2 n + 1 ] Ω t ) ) [ 1 1 ] } ,
E 2 = E 0 2 2 { ( n = ( 1 ) n J 2 n ( m 2 ) sin ( ω 0 t + 2 n Ω t ) ) [ 1 1 ] + ( n = ( 1 ) n J 2 n + 1 ( m 2 ) cos ( ω 0 t + [ 2 n + 1 ] Ω t ) ) [ 1 1 ] } ,
E E 0 2 2 J 0 ( m 2 ) ( cos ( ω 0 t ) + sin ( ω 0 t ) ) [ 1 1 ] + E 0 2 J 1 ( m 2 ) cos ( ( ω 0 + Ω ) t ) [ 1 1 ] ,
E = 1 2 ( cos ( ω 0 t ) + sin ( ω 0 t ) ) [ E 0 , x J 0 ( [ 1 α ] m ) E 0 , y J 0 ( α m ) ] + cos ( ω 0 t + Ω t ) [ E 0 , x J 1 ( [ 1 α ] m ) E 0 , y J 1 ( α m ) ] .

Metrics