Abstract

We demonstrate an optical axis grating (OAG) recorded in a nematic liquid crystal that yields a higher than 80% diffraction efficiency and over 800:1 switching contrast between diffraction orders for a laser beam of a red wavelength in a material layer only 1.5μm thick. The grating was used for combining two laser beams with high efficiency. These observations prove the feasibility of new generation high-efficiency diffractive optical components, which are most promising for infrared and high-power applications owing to their enhanced transparency and reduced thermal effects in thin material layers.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, V. I. Smirnov, and E. V. Rotari, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 209 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Sarkissian, C. C. Tsai, B. Ya. Zeldovich, and N. V. Tabiryan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2628 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Daneu, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, H. K. Choi, G. W. Turner, and C. C. Cook, Opt. Lett. 25, 405 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. C. Cook and T. Y. Fan, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.M.Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 163-166.
  5. G. Cincotti, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1645 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Le Doucen and P. Pellat-Finet, Opt. Commun. 151, 321 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Pellat-Finet and M. Le Doucen, Optik (Stuttgart) 100, 159 (1995).
  8. H. Sarkissian, N. Tabiryan, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Sarkissian, J. B. Park, N. V. Tabirian, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, in Optics in the Southeast 2003 (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PSE 02.
  10. B. Ya. Zeldovich and N. V. Tabirian, 'Devices for displaying visual information, Invention Disclosure,' presented at School of Optics/CREOL, July 2000.
  11. G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121105 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. V. Tabiryan, V. A. Grozhik, I. C. Khoo, and S. V. Serak, in Proc. SPIE 5162, 58 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Ya. Marusii and Yu. A. Reznikov, Mol. Mater. 3, 161 (1993).
  16. H. Sarkissian, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, L. B. Glebov, V. Rotar, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, Opt. Lett. 31, 2248 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Z. Raszewski, J. Kedzierski, J. Rutkowska, J. Zielinski, J. Zmija, R. Dabrowski, and T. Opara, in Proc. SPIE 1845, 325 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabiryan, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Sarkissian, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, L. B. Glebov, V. Rotar, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, Opt. Lett. 31, 2248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Sarkissian, C. C. Tsai, B. Ya. Zeldovich, and N. V. Tabiryan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, V. I. Smirnov, and E. V. Rotari, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Cincotti, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Tabiryan, V. A. Grozhik, I. C. Khoo, and S. V. Serak, in Proc. SPIE 5162, 58 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

M. Le Doucen and P. Pellat-Finet, Opt. Commun. 151, 321 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. Pellat-Finet and M. Le Doucen, Optik (Stuttgart) 100, 159 (1995).

1993 (2)

T. Ya. Marusii and Yu. A. Reznikov, Mol. Mater. 3, 161 (1993).

Z. Raszewski, J. Kedzierski, J. Rutkowska, J. Zielinski, J. Zmija, R. Dabrowski, and T. Opara, in Proc. SPIE 1845, 325 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Callan-Jones, A.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H. K.

Ciapurin, I. V.

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, V. I. Smirnov, and E. V. Rotari, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cincotti, G.

G. Cincotti, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cipparrone, G.

C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cook, C. C.

V. Daneu, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, H. K. Choi, G. W. Turner, and C. C. Cook, Opt. Lett. 25, 405 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Cook and T. Y. Fan, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.M.Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 163-166.

Crawford, G. P.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dabrowski, R.

Z. Raszewski, J. Kedzierski, J. Rutkowska, J. Zielinski, J. Zmija, R. Dabrowski, and T. Opara, in Proc. SPIE 1845, 325 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Daneu, V.

Eakin, J. N.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

V. Daneu, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, H. K. Choi, G. W. Turner, and C. C. Cook, Opt. Lett. 25, 405 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Cook and T. Y. Fan, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.M.Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 163-166.

Glebov, L. B.

H. Sarkissian, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, L. B. Glebov, V. Rotar, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, Opt. Lett. 31, 2248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, V. I. Smirnov, and E. V. Rotari, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Glebova, L. N.

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, V. I. Smirnov, and E. V. Rotari, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grozhik, V. A.

N. V. Tabiryan, V. A. Grozhik, I. C. Khoo, and S. V. Serak, in Proc. SPIE 5162, 58 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Injeyan, H.

C. C. Cook and T. Y. Fan, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.M.Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 163-166.

Kedzierski, J.

Z. Raszewski, J. Kedzierski, J. Rutkowska, J. Zielinski, J. Zmija, R. Dabrowski, and T. Opara, in Proc. SPIE 1845, 325 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

C. C. Cook and T. Y. Fan, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.M.Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 163-166.

Khoo, I. C.

N. V. Tabiryan, V. A. Grozhik, I. C. Khoo, and S. V. Serak, in Proc. SPIE 5162, 58 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Le Doucen, M.

M. Le Doucen and P. Pellat-Finet, Opt. Commun. 151, 321 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Pellat-Finet and M. Le Doucen, Optik (Stuttgart) 100, 159 (1995).

Marusii, T. Ya.

T. Ya. Marusii and Yu. A. Reznikov, Mol. Mater. 3, 161 (1993).

Opara, T.

Z. Raszewski, J. Kedzierski, J. Rutkowska, J. Zielinski, J. Zmija, R. Dabrowski, and T. Opara, in Proc. SPIE 1845, 325 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pagliusi, P.

C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, B.

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabiryan, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. B.

H. Sarkissian, J. B. Park, N. V. Tabirian, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, in Optics in the Southeast 2003 (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PSE 02.

Pelcovits, R. A.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pellat-Finet, P.

M. Le Doucen and P. Pellat-Finet, Opt. Commun. 151, 321 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Pellat-Finet and M. Le Doucen, Optik (Stuttgart) 100, 159 (1995).

Provenzano, C.

C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Radcliffe, M. D.

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Raszewski, Z.

Z. Raszewski, J. Kedzierski, J. Rutkowska, J. Zielinski, J. Zmija, R. Dabrowski, and T. Opara, in Proc. SPIE 1845, 325 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reznikov, Yu. A.

T. Ya. Marusii and Yu. A. Reznikov, Mol. Mater. 3, 161 (1993).

Rotar, V.

Rotari, E. V.

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, V. I. Smirnov, and E. V. Rotari, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rutkowska, J.

Z. Raszewski, J. Kedzierski, J. Rutkowska, J. Zielinski, J. Zmija, R. Dabrowski, and T. Opara, in Proc. SPIE 1845, 325 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, A.

Sarkissian, H.

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabiryan, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Sarkissian, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, L. B. Glebov, V. Rotar, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, Opt. Lett. 31, 2248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sarkissian, C. C. Tsai, B. Ya. Zeldovich, and N. V. Tabiryan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Sarkissian, J. B. Park, N. V. Tabirian, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, in Optics in the Southeast 2003 (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PSE 02.

Serak, S. V.

Smirnov, V. I.

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, V. I. Smirnov, and E. V. Rotari, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tabirian, N. V.

B. Ya. Zeldovich and N. V. Tabirian, 'Devices for displaying visual information, Invention Disclosure,' presented at School of Optics/CREOL, July 2000.

H. Sarkissian, J. B. Park, N. V. Tabirian, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, in Optics in the Southeast 2003 (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PSE 02.

Tabiryan, N.

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabiryan, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tabiryan, N. V.

Tsai, C. C.

Turner, G. W.

Xie, Y.

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeldovich, B.

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabiryan, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeldovich, B. Ya.

H. Sarkissian, S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, L. B. Glebov, V. Rotar, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, Opt. Lett. 31, 2248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sarkissian, C. C. Tsai, B. Ya. Zeldovich, and N. V. Tabiryan, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Sarkissian, J. B. Park, N. V. Tabirian, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, in Optics in the Southeast 2003 (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PSE 02.

B. Ya. Zeldovich and N. V. Tabirian, 'Devices for displaying visual information, Invention Disclosure,' presented at School of Optics/CREOL, July 2000.

Zielinski, J.

Z. Raszewski, J. Kedzierski, J. Rutkowska, J. Zielinski, J. Zmija, R. Dabrowski, and T. Opara, in Proc. SPIE 1845, 325 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zmija, J.

Z. Raszewski, J. Kedzierski, J. Rutkowska, J. Zielinski, J. Zmija, R. Dabrowski, and T. Opara, in Proc. SPIE 1845, 325 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. N. Eakin, Y. Xie, R. A. Pelcovits, M. D. Radcliffe, and G. P. Crawford, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1671 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Provenzano, P. Pagliusi, and G. Cipparrone, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Cincotti, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. P. Crawford, J. N. Eakin, M. D. Radcliffe, A. Callan-Jones, and R. A. Pelcovits, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 123102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

H. Sarkissian, N. Tabiryan, B. Park, and B. Zeldovich, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 451, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Mater. (1)

T. Ya. Marusii and Yu. A. Reznikov, Mol. Mater. 3, 161 (1993).

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Le Doucen and P. Pellat-Finet, Opt. Commun. 151, 321 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optik (Stuttgart) (1)

P. Pellat-Finet and M. Le Doucen, Optik (Stuttgart) 100, 159 (1995).

Proc. SPIE (3)

I. V. Ciapurin, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, V. I. Smirnov, and E. V. Rotari, in Proc. SPIE 4974, 209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Raszewski, J. Kedzierski, J. Rutkowska, J. Zielinski, J. Zmija, R. Dabrowski, and T. Opara, in Proc. SPIE 1845, 325 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Tabiryan, V. A. Grozhik, I. C. Khoo, and S. V. Serak, in Proc. SPIE 5162, 58 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

H. Sarkissian, J. B. Park, N. V. Tabirian, and B. Ya. Zeldovich, in Optics in the Southeast 2003 (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PSE 02.

B. Ya. Zeldovich and N. V. Tabirian, 'Devices for displaying visual information, Invention Disclosure,' presented at School of Optics/CREOL, July 2000.

C. C. Cook and T. Y. Fan, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.M.Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds. (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 163-166.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of the structure of cycloidal OAGs. The optical axis rotates at a fixed rate in the transverse direction as indicated by the arrows. The local birefringence of the material is constant.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Photo of a sample cycloidal nematic grating of 6 μ m period taken with a polarizing microscope (Olympus IX51, 20× objective). (b) Wavelength dependence of the zeroth-order diffraction efficiency for a 1.5 μ m thick cycloidal grating made of nematic LC 6CHBT.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental setup for combining two laser beams by using a cycloidal nematic grating: BS, beam splitter; M, mirror; λ 4 , λ 4 , quarter-wave plates; R, L, right- and left-circular polarized beams, correspondingly; L 1 , 1 st diffracted order of the L beam; R + 1 , + 1 st diffracted order of the R beam; LC OAG, cycloidal nematic; P, linear polarizer; PM, powermeter. (b) Combining two laser beams with a cycloidal nematic grating: (A) image of laser beams on a screen without the grating; (B) diffraction of left-circular polarized laser beam; (C) diffraction of right-circular polarized laser beam; (D) combining of left- and right-circular polarized beams.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Combined beam power as a function of the polarizer angle.

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