Abstract

We demonstrate a novel method for low-loss splicing small-core photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) and single-mode fibers (SMFs) by repeated arc discharges using a conventional fusion splicer. An optimum mode field match at the interface of PCF–SMF and an adiabatic mode field variation in the longitudinal direction of the small-core PCF can be achieved by repeated arc discharges applied over the splicing joint to gradually collapse the air holes of the small-core PCF. This method is simple and offers a practical solution for light coupling between small-core PCFs and SMFs.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2006 (1)

2005 (5)

2004 (1)

J. Lægsgaard and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Commun. 237, 431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

2001 (1)

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1991 (1)

H. Y. Tam, Electron. Lett. 27, 1597 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Atkin, D. M.

Birks, T. A.

Bise, R. T.

A. D. Yablon and R. T. Bise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

J. Lægsgaard and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Commun. 237, 431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bourliaguet, B.

Chandalia, J. K.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chong, J. H.

Croteau, A.

Demokan, M. S.

Eggleton, B. J.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Émond, F.

George, A. K.

Ho, H. L.

Hogari, K.

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hoo, Y. L.

Jin, W.

Joly, N. Y

Ju, J.

Kakarantzas, G.

Kim, J.

B. H. Park, J. Kim, U. C. Paek, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 883 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kosinski, S. G.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lægsgaard, J.

J. Lægsgaard and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Commun. 237, 431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. H.

B. H. Park, J. Kim, U. C. Paek, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 883 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Liu, X.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, K.

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U. C.

B. H. Park, J. Kim, U. C. Paek, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 883 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paré, C.

Park, B. H.

B. H. Park, J. Kim, U. C. Paek, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 883 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proulx, A.

Rao, M. K.

Russell, P. S. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sankawa, I.

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

Vallée, R.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Windeler, R. S.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Witkowska, A.

Xiao, L. M.

Xu, C.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yablon, A. D.

A. D. Yablon and R. T. Bise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J. M.

Zhao, C. L.

Zhou, J.

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Y. Tam, Electron. Lett. 27, 1597 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Yablon and R. T. Bise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

B. H. Park, J. Kim, U. C. Paek, and B. H. Lee, IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 883 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Lægsgaard and A. Bjarklev, Opt. Commun. 237, 431 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration of the fusion splicing process: (a) splicing a small-core PCF and a SMF with an offset of the joint to the central axis of arc discharge; (b) the temperature distribution field along the longitudinal direction of the small-core PCF when fusion splicing; (c) a side view of an optimum mode field match at the interface of PCF–SMF and an adiabatic mode field expansion in the longitudinal direction of the small-core PCF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

End views of the LMA-5 after (a) two, (b) five, (c) seven, and (d) nine discharges. The fusion time, current, and offset distance are, respectively, 0.3 s , 10 mA , and 50 μ m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Splicing losses between SMF-28 fibers and (a) LMA-5, (b) NL-1550-POS-1 against the number of arc discharges.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Side views of the splicing joints between LMA-5 and SMF-28 fibers after (a) 1, (b) 13, (c) 21 discharges. The fusion time, current, and the offset distance are, respectively, 0.3 s , 10 mA , and 50 μ m .

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