Abstract

An optical scanning probe microscope, based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) in the attenuated total reflection geometry, is shown to successfully image the polarization structures in self-assembled monolayers of hemicyanine adsorbed on a gold surface. Application of an ac field to the tip gives rise to the linear electro-optic effect in the monolayer just below the tip and the local change in the refractive index of the monolayer was detected via the ac component of the reflected light intensity, in which SPR-based detection intensifies the ac component. Polarization structures in a monolayer can be clearly imaged by this technique.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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R. Naraoka, H. Okawa, K. Hashimoto, and K. Kajikawa, Opt. Commun. 248, 249 (2005).
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H. J. Chang, N. Y. Ha, A. Kim, J. Lim, B. Park, J.-H. Im, E.-J. Park, J.-H. Kim, S.-H. Lee, and J. W. Wu, Opt. Commun. 240, 29 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

T. Yasui, Y. Tohno, and T. Araki, Appl. Opt. 43, 2861 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, Biophys. J. 82, 493 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Stroller, K. M. Celliers, and A. M. Rubenchik, Biophys. J. 82, 3330 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

N. Kato, K. Saito, and Y. Uesu, Chem. Phys. Lett. 326, 395 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Levy, C. Hubert, and A. Trivelli, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 7848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

C. Hubert, J. Levy, A. C. Carter, W. Chang, S. W. Kiechoefer, J. S. Horwitz, and D. B. Chrisey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3353 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

K. Kajikawa, T. Yamada, S. Yokoyama, S. Okada, H. Matsuda, H. Nakanishi, M. Kakimoto, Y. Imai, H. Takezoe, and A. Fukuda, Langmuir 12, 580 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

Y. Uesu, S. Kurimura, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

1991

W. Knoll, MRS Bull. 16, 29 (1991).

1989

Y. R. Shen, Nature 337, 519 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986

K. Kemnitz, K. Bhattacharyya, J. M. Hicks, G. R. Pinto, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, Chem. Phys. Lett. 131, 285 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Otto, S. Grafstroem, H. Chaib, and L. M. Eng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1168 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsuboi and K. Kajikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 103102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Uesu, S. Kurimura, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2165 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Hubert, J. Levy, A. C. Carter, W. Chang, S. W. Kiechoefer, J. S. Horwitz, and D. B. Chrisey, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3353 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Biophys. J.

P. J. Campagnola, A. C. Millard, M. Terasaki, P. E. Hoppe, C. J. Malone, and W. A. Mohler, Biophys. J. 82, 493 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Stroller, K. M. Celliers, and A. M. Rubenchik, Biophys. J. 82, 3330 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

K. Kemnitz, K. Bhattacharyya, J. M. Hicks, G. R. Pinto, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, Chem. Phys. Lett. 131, 285 (1986).
[CrossRef]

N. Kato, K. Saito, and Y. Uesu, Chem. Phys. Lett. 326, 395 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

J. Levy, C. Hubert, and A. Trivelli, J. Chem. Phys. 112, 7848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Langmuir

K. Kajikawa, T. Yamada, S. Yokoyama, S. Okada, H. Matsuda, H. Nakanishi, M. Kakimoto, Y. Imai, H. Takezoe, and A. Fukuda, Langmuir 12, 580 (1996).
[CrossRef]

MRS Bull.

W. Knoll, MRS Bull. 16, 29 (1991).

Nature

Y. R. Shen, Nature 337, 519 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

H. J. Chang, N. Y. Ha, A. Kim, J. Lim, B. Park, J.-H. Im, E.-J. Park, J.-H. Kim, S.-H. Lee, and J. W. Wu, Opt. Commun. 240, 29 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Naraoka, H. Okawa, K. Hashimoto, and K. Kajikawa, Opt. Commun. 248, 249 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

T. Iiyama, M. Fukuyo, R. Naraoka, H. Okawa, H. Ikezawa, K. Hashimoto, and K. Kajikawa, "Linear electrooptic effect in hemicyanine self-assembled monolayer on gold substrate," Opt. Commun. (in press).

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical geometry of the scanning SPR-EO microscope.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SHG microscopy images.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Scanning SPR-EO microscopy images.

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