Abstract

A femtosecond mode-locked laser is used for what is believed to be the first time as a broadband infrared source for high-resolution Fourier transform absorption spectroscopy. A demonstration is made with a Cr4+:YAG laser. The entire ν1+ν3 vibration–rotation band region of acetylene, observed after passing through a single-pass 80-cm-long cell, is simultaneously recorded between 1480 and 1600nm, in 7.9s with a signal-to-noise ratio equal to 1000. Two hot bands of the most abundant acetylene isotopologue and the ν1+ν3 band of the C1213CH2 are also present. Replacement of the usual conventional tungsten lamp by the bright laser source reduces by about a factor of 150 the recording time needed to get similar results. The noise equivalent absorption coefficient at 1s averaging is equal to 7×107cm1Hz12 per spectral element.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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T. Gherman, S. Kassi, A. Campargue, and D. Romanini, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 353 (2004).
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J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
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E. R. Crosson, P. Haar, G. A. Marcus, H. A. Schwettman, B. A. Paldus, T. G. Spence, and R. N. Zare, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 4 (1999).
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J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
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J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
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T. Gherman, S. Kassi, A. Campargue, and D. Romanini, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 353 (2004).
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Guelachvili, G.

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E. R. Crosson, P. Haar, G. A. Marcus, H. A. Schwettman, B. A. Paldus, T. G. Spence, and R. N. Zare, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 4 (1999).
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P. R. Griffiths, B. L. Hirsche, and C. J. Manning, Vib. Spectrosc. 19, 165 (1999).
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S. M. Ball and R. L. Jones, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 103, 5239 (2003).

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T. Gherman, S. Kassi, A. Campargue, and D. Romanini, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 353 (2004).
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Q. Kou, G. Guelachvili, M. Abbouti Temsamani, and M. Herman, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1241 (1994).
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Manning, C. J.

P. R. Griffiths, B. L. Hirsche, and C. J. Manning, Vib. Spectrosc. 19, 165 (1999).
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Marcus, G. A.

E. R. Crosson, P. Haar, G. A. Marcus, H. A. Schwettman, B. A. Paldus, T. G. Spence, and R. N. Zare, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 4 (1999).
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M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
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Naumov, S.

Paldus, B. A.

E. R. Crosson, P. Haar, G. A. Marcus, H. A. Schwettman, B. A. Paldus, T. G. Spence, and R. N. Zare, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 4 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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P. Voge and J. Primot, Opt. Eng. 37, 2459 (1998).
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Romanini, D.

T. Gherman, S. Kassi, A. Campargue, and D. Romanini, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 353 (2004).
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Safdi, B.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
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Schwettman, H. A.

E. R. Crosson, P. Haar, G. A. Marcus, H. A. Schwettman, B. A. Paldus, T. G. Spence, and R. N. Zare, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 4 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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E. R. Crosson, P. Haar, G. A. Marcus, H. A. Schwettman, B. A. Paldus, T. G. Spence, and R. N. Zare, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 4 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tschudi, T.

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voge, P.

P. Voge and J. Primot, Opt. Eng. 37, 2459 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Xiao, S.

Ye, J.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zare, R. N.

E. R. Crosson, P. Haar, G. A. Marcus, H. A. Schwettman, B. A. Paldus, T. G. Spence, and R. N. Zare, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 4 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Can. J. Phys.

Q. Kou, G. Guelachvili, M. Abbouti Temsamani, and M. Herman, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

T. Gherman, S. Kassi, A. Campargue, and D. Romanini, Chem. Phys. Lett. 383, 353 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.)

S. M. Ball and R. L. Jones, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 103, 5239 (2003).

Nature

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Eng.

P. Voge and J. Primot, Opt. Eng. 37, 2459 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Mod. Phys.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

E. R. Crosson, P. Haar, G. A. Marcus, H. A. Schwettman, B. A. Paldus, T. G. Spence, and R. N. Zare, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 4 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vib. Spectrosc.

P. R. Griffiths, B. L. Hirsche, and C. J. Manning, Vib. Spectrosc. 19, 165 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experiment. The Cr 4 + YAG fs probes a cell filled with acetylene, and the resulting radiation is analyzed by a Fourier transform spectrometer. Abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Overtone spectrum of the acetylene molecule in the 1.5 μ m region, demonstrating the spectral bandwidth and SNR capabilities of this spectrometric technique. The strongest spectral features are the P and R branches of the ν 1 + ν 3 band of C 2 12 H 2 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Restricted portion of the spectrum shown in Fig. 2 exhibiting rotational lines of the P branches of the ν 1 + ν 3 cold band, ν 1 + ν 3 + ν 4 1 ν 4 1 and ν 1 + ν 3 + ν 5 1 ν 5 1 hot bands of C 2 12 H 2 [16], and the ν 1 + ν 3 cold band of C 13 12 C H 2 .

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