Abstract

We report on a novel nonlinear laser spectroscopic technique for single-shot imaging of ground-state hydrogen atoms in harsh environments. H atoms from the ground state were first pumped to the 2s state via a two-photon excitation with a 243nm laser beam, and the population of the 2s state was further probed through the 2s4p transition with conventional polarization spectroscopy at 486nm. A single Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator laser system was enough to provide both laser beams. Single-shot visualization of native H atoms in an atmospheric pressure premixed H2O2 flame is demonstrated.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2004

W. D. Kulatilaka, R. P. Lucht, S. F. Hanna, and V. R. Katta, Combust. Flame 137, 523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Frank, X. Chen, B. D. Patterson, and T. B. Settersten, Appl. Opt. 43, 2588 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

J. Walewski, M. Rupinski, H. Bladh, Z. S. Li, P. E. Bengtsson, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 77, 447 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Grutzmacher, M. I. de la Rosa, A. B. Gonzalo, M. Steiger, and A. Steiger, Appl. Phys. B 76, 775 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997

L. Gasnot, P. Desgroux, J. F. Pauwels, and L. R. Sochet, Appl. Phys. B 65, 639 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Ewart, P. G. R. Smith, and R. B. Williams, Appl. Opt. 36, 5959 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996

C. F. Kaminski, B. Lofstedt, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 129, 38 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, N. Georgiev, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 114, 76 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 59, 37 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

1989

1986

K. Danzmann, K. Grutzmacher, and B. Wende, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2151 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984

1983

1979

R. E. Teets, F. V. Kowalske, W. T. Hill, N. Carlsson, and T. W. Hänsch, Proc. SPIE 113, 80 (1979).

1976

C. Wieman and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Aldén, M.

J. Walewski, M. Rupinski, H. Bladh, Z. S. Li, P. E. Bengtsson, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 77, 447 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Kaminski, B. Lofstedt, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 129, 38 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, N. Georgiev, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 114, 76 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 59, 37 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Aldén, A. L. Schawlow, S. Svanberg, W. Wendt, and P. L. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 9, 211 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bengtsson, P. E.

J. Walewski, M. Rupinski, H. Bladh, Z. S. Li, P. E. Bengtsson, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 77, 447 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bladh, H.

J. Walewski, M. Rupinski, H. Bladh, Z. S. Li, P. E. Bengtsson, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 77, 447 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carlsson, N.

R. E. Teets, F. V. Kowalske, W. T. Hill, N. Carlsson, and T. W. Hänsch, Proc. SPIE 113, 80 (1979).

Chen, X.

Danzmann, K.

K. Danzmann, K. Grutzmacher, and B. Wende, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2151 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de la Rosa, M. I.

K. Grutzmacher, M. I. de la Rosa, A. B. Gonzalo, M. Steiger, and A. Steiger, Appl. Phys. B 76, 775 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Demtröder, W.

W. Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy: Basic Concepts and Intrumentation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).

Desgroux, P.

L. Gasnot, P. Desgroux, J. F. Pauwels, and L. R. Sochet, Appl. Phys. B 65, 639 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ewart, P.

Frank, J. H.

Fritzon, R.

C. F. Kaminski, B. Lofstedt, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 129, 38 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, N. Georgiev, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 114, 76 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 59, 37 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gasnot, L.

L. Gasnot, P. Desgroux, J. F. Pauwels, and L. R. Sochet, Appl. Phys. B 65, 639 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Georgiev, N.

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, N. Georgiev, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 114, 76 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Goldsmith, J. E. M.

Gonzalo, A. B.

K. Grutzmacher, M. I. de la Rosa, A. B. Gonzalo, M. Steiger, and A. Steiger, Appl. Phys. B 76, 775 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gray, J. A.

Grutzmacher, K.

K. Grutzmacher, M. I. de la Rosa, A. B. Gonzalo, M. Steiger, and A. Steiger, Appl. Phys. B 76, 775 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Danzmann, K. Grutzmacher, and B. Wende, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2151 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanna, S. F.

W. D. Kulatilaka, R. P. Lucht, S. F. Hanna, and V. R. Katta, Combust. Flame 137, 523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

R. E. Teets, F. V. Kowalske, W. T. Hill, N. Carlsson, and T. W. Hänsch, Proc. SPIE 113, 80 (1979).

C. Wieman and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hill, W. T.

R. E. Teets, F. V. Kowalske, W. T. Hill, N. Carlsson, and T. W. Hänsch, Proc. SPIE 113, 80 (1979).

Kaminski, C. F.

C. F. Kaminski, B. Lofstedt, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 129, 38 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Katta, V. R.

W. D. Kulatilaka, R. P. Lucht, S. F. Hanna, and V. R. Katta, Combust. Flame 137, 523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

King, G. B.

Kowalske, F. V.

R. E. Teets, F. V. Kowalske, W. T. Hill, N. Carlsson, and T. W. Hänsch, Proc. SPIE 113, 80 (1979).

Kulatilaka, W. D.

W. D. Kulatilaka, R. P. Lucht, S. F. Hanna, and V. R. Katta, Combust. Flame 137, 523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laurendeau, N. M.

Li, Z. S.

J. Walewski, M. Rupinski, H. Bladh, Z. S. Li, P. E. Bengtsson, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 77, 447 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lofstedt, B.

C. F. Kaminski, B. Lofstedt, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 129, 38 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lucht, R. P.

W. D. Kulatilaka, R. P. Lucht, S. F. Hanna, and V. R. Katta, Combust. Flame 137, 523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Lucht, J. T. Salmon, G. B. King, D. W. Sweeney, and N. M. Laurendeau, Opt. Lett. 8, 365 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nyholm, K.

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, N. Georgiev, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 114, 76 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 59, 37 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, B. D.

Pauwels, J. F.

L. Gasnot, P. Desgroux, J. F. Pauwels, and L. R. Sochet, Appl. Phys. B 65, 639 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rupinski, M.

J. Walewski, M. Rupinski, H. Bladh, Z. S. Li, P. E. Bengtsson, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 77, 447 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, J. T.

Schawlow, A. L.

Settersten, T. B.

Smith, P. G. R.

Sochet, L. R.

L. Gasnot, P. Desgroux, J. F. Pauwels, and L. R. Sochet, Appl. Phys. B 65, 639 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Steiger, A.

K. Grutzmacher, M. I. de la Rosa, A. B. Gonzalo, M. Steiger, and A. Steiger, Appl. Phys. B 76, 775 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Steiger, M.

K. Grutzmacher, M. I. de la Rosa, A. B. Gonzalo, M. Steiger, and A. Steiger, Appl. Phys. B 76, 775 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Svanberg, S.

Sweeney, D. W.

Teets, R. E.

R. E. Teets, F. V. Kowalske, W. T. Hill, N. Carlsson, and T. W. Hänsch, Proc. SPIE 113, 80 (1979).

Trebino, R.

Walewski, J.

J. Walewski, M. Rupinski, H. Bladh, Z. S. Li, P. E. Bengtsson, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 77, 447 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wende, B.

K. Danzmann, K. Grutzmacher, and B. Wende, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2151 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wendt, W.

Wieman, C.

C. Wieman and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Williams, R. B.

Zhang, P. L.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

L. Gasnot, P. Desgroux, J. F. Pauwels, and L. R. Sochet, Appl. Phys. B 65, 639 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 59, 37 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Walewski, M. Rupinski, H. Bladh, Z. S. Li, P. E. Bengtsson, and M. Aldén, Appl. Phys. B 77, 447 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Grutzmacher, M. I. de la Rosa, A. B. Gonzalo, M. Steiger, and A. Steiger, Appl. Phys. B 76, 775 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

J. A. Gray and R. Trebino, Chem. Phys. Lett. 216, 519 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame

W. D. Kulatilaka, R. P. Lucht, S. F. Hanna, and V. R. Katta, Combust. Flame 137, 523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

K. Nyholm, R. Fritzon, N. Georgiev, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 114, 76 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Kaminski, B. Lofstedt, R. Fritzon, and M. Aldén, Opt. Commun. 129, 38 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. Wieman and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

K. Danzmann, K. Grutzmacher, and B. Wende, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2151 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE

R. E. Teets, F. V. Kowalske, W. T. Hill, N. Carlsson, and T. W. Hänsch, Proc. SPIE 113, 80 (1979).

Other

W. Demtröder, Laser Spectroscopy: Basic Concepts and Intrumentation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the TPP-PSP approach. The polarization state of every involved beam is marked.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the experimental apparatus of the TPP-PSP approach. BS, beam splitter; CL, cylindrical lens; SL, spherical lens; P, polarizer; SHG, second-harmonic generation crystal; M, mirror.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-shot TPP-PSP image of ground-state hydrogen atoms recorded in a Φ = 1.3 hydrogen/oxygen welding torch flame.

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