Abstract

I study a multilayered medium consisting of a metal–dielectric composite film, a spacer layer, and a dielectric Bragg reflector. I demonstrate a greater flexibility over the critical coupling phenomenon [ Tischler et al., Opt. Lett. 31, 2045 (2006) ], whereby nearly all the incident light energy is absorbed by the composite film through suppression of both transmission and reflection from the structure. For a larger volume fraction of the metal inclusions, strong light–matter coupling is shown to lead to almost total absorption at two distinct frequencies.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, 1988), pp. 72-76.
  2. S. Dutta Gupta, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier Science, 1998), Vol. 38, p. 1.
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. S. C. Manga Rao, S. Dutta Gupta, and G. S. Agarwal, Opt. Lett. 29, 307 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Kulkarni, N. Seshadri, V. S. C. Manga Rao, and S. Dutta Gupta, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 549 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, S. E. Morin, Q. Wu, H. J. Carmichael, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2499 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, V. Bulovic, J. H. Song, and A. Nurmikko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 036401 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, and V. Bulovic, Opt. Lett. 31, 2045 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C.-W. Nan, Prog. Mater. Sci. 37, 1 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983), Chaps. 8,12.
  11. G. A. Niklasson, SPIE Newsroom, http://newsroom.spie.org/x2788.xml?highlight=x517.
  12. S. Porel, S. Singh, S. Sree Harsha, D. N. Rao, and T. P. Radhakrishnan, Chem. Mater. 17, 9 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzi, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldman, New J. Phys. 4, 93.1 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  15. U. Kreibig, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 4, 999 (1974).

2007 (1)

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

S. Porel, S. Singh, S. Sree Harsha, D. N. Rao, and T. P. Radhakrishnan, Chem. Mater. 17, 9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, V. Bulovic, J. H. Song, and A. Nurmikko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 036401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

V. S. C. Manga Rao, S. Dutta Gupta, and G. S. Agarwal, Opt. Lett. 29, 307 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kulkarni, N. Seshadri, V. S. C. Manga Rao, and S. Dutta Gupta, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 549 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzi, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldman, New J. Phys. 4, 93.1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

C.-W. Nan, Prog. Mater. Sci. 37, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Y. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, S. E. Morin, Q. Wu, H. J. Carmichael, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2499 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974 (1)

U. Kreibig, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 4, 999 (1974).

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, G. S.

Atay, T.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983), Chaps. 8,12.

Bradley, M. S.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, and V. Bulovic, Opt. Lett. 31, 2045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, V. Bulovic, J. H. Song, and A. Nurmikko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 036401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bulovic, V.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, and V. Bulovic, Opt. Lett. 31, 2045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, V. Bulovic, J. H. Song, and A. Nurmikko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 036401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carmichael, H. J.

Y. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, S. E. Morin, Q. Wu, H. J. Carmichael, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2499 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dutta Gupta, S.

M. Kulkarni, N. Seshadri, V. S. C. Manga Rao, and S. Dutta Gupta, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 549 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. S. C. Manga Rao, S. Dutta Gupta, and G. S. Agarwal, Opt. Lett. 29, 307 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Dutta Gupta, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier Science, 1998), Vol. 38, p. 1.
[CrossRef]

Feldman, J.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzi, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldman, New J. Phys. 4, 93.1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Franzi, T.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzi, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldman, New J. Phys. 4, 93.1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D. J.

Y. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, S. E. Morin, Q. Wu, H. J. Carmichael, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2499 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983), Chaps. 8,12.

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kreibig, U.

U. Kreibig, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 4, 999 (1974).

Kulkarni, M.

M. Kulkarni, N. Seshadri, V. S. C. Manga Rao, and S. Dutta Gupta, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 549 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Manga Rao, V. S. C.

V. S. C. Manga Rao, S. Dutta Gupta, and G. S. Agarwal, Opt. Lett. 29, 307 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kulkarni, N. Seshadri, V. S. C. Manga Rao, and S. Dutta Gupta, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 549 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morin, S. E.

Y. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, S. E. Morin, Q. Wu, H. J. Carmichael, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2499 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mossberg, T. W.

Y. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, S. E. Morin, Q. Wu, H. J. Carmichael, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2499 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nan, C.-W.

C.-W. Nan, Prog. Mater. Sci. 37, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Niklasson, G. A.

G. A. Niklasson, SPIE Newsroom, http://newsroom.spie.org/x2788.xml?highlight=x517.

Nurmikko, A.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, V. Bulovic, J. H. Song, and A. Nurmikko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 036401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Porel, S.

S. Porel, S. Singh, S. Sree Harsha, D. N. Rao, and T. P. Radhakrishnan, Chem. Mater. 17, 9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Radhakrishnan, T. P.

S. Porel, S. Singh, S. Sree Harsha, D. N. Rao, and T. P. Radhakrishnan, Chem. Mater. 17, 9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rao, D. N.

S. Porel, S. Singh, S. Sree Harsha, D. N. Rao, and T. P. Radhakrishnan, Chem. Mater. 17, 9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seshadri, N.

M. Kulkarni, N. Seshadri, V. S. C. Manga Rao, and S. Dutta Gupta, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 549 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S.

S. Porel, S. Singh, S. Sree Harsha, D. N. Rao, and T. P. Radhakrishnan, Chem. Mater. 17, 9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. H.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, V. Bulovic, J. H. Song, and A. Nurmikko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 036401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sönnichsen, C.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzi, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldman, New J. Phys. 4, 93.1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sree Harsha, S.

S. Porel, S. Singh, S. Sree Harsha, D. N. Rao, and T. P. Radhakrishnan, Chem. Mater. 17, 9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tischler, J. R.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, and V. Bulovic, Opt. Lett. 31, 2045 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, V. Bulovic, J. H. Song, and A. Nurmikko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 036401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von Plessen, G.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzi, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldman, New J. Phys. 4, 93.1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wilk, T.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzi, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldman, New J. Phys. 4, 93.1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Y. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, S. E. Morin, Q. Wu, H. J. Carmichael, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2499 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, 1988), pp. 72-76.

Zhang, Q.

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Y. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, S. E. Morin, Q. Wu, H. J. Carmichael, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2499 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

S. Porel, S. Singh, S. Sree Harsha, D. N. Rao, and T. P. Radhakrishnan, Chem. Mater. 17, 9 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. Kulkarni, N. Seshadri, V. S. C. Manga Rao, and S. Dutta Gupta, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 549 (2004).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzi, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, and J. Feldman, New J. Phys. 4, 93.1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Org. Electron. (1)

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, Q. Zhang, T. Atay, A. Nurmikko, and V. Bulovic, Org. Electron. 8, 94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Y. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, S. E. Morin, Q. Wu, H. J. Carmichael, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2499 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Tischler, M. S. Bradley, V. Bulovic, J. H. Song, and A. Nurmikko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 036401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion (1)

U. Kreibig, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 4, 999 (1974).

Prog. Mater. Sci. (1)

C.-W. Nan, Prog. Mater. Sci. 37, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983), Chaps. 8,12.

G. A. Niklasson, SPIE Newsroom, http://newsroom.spie.org/x2788.xml?highlight=x517.

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, 1988), pp. 72-76.

S. Dutta Gupta, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier Science, 1998), Vol. 38, p. 1.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic view of the layered medium. (b), (d) Real and (c), (e) imaginary parts of the dielectric function and the complex refractive index, respectively, of the composite. Curves from top to bottom are for f = 0.1 , 0.05, 0.01, respectively. Dashed curves, bulk silver values [14].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Total scattering R + T (solid curves) as a function of wavelength λ for d 1 = 10 nm , f = 0.05 . Curves 1, 2, and 3 are for d 2 = 55 , 75, 95 nm , respectively. Other parameters are N = 10 , ϵ i = 1 , ϵ h = 2.25 , ϵ 2 = 2.6244 , ϵ f = 2.25 , ϵ a = 5.7121 , ϵ b = 2.6244 . For reference I have shown the reflection (dotted curve) and the transmission (dashed curve) for d 2 = 75 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity reflection R as a function of wavelength λ for (a) the composite film with thickness d 1 = 70 nm on substrate and (b) the total structure for d 1 = 70 nm , d 2 = 75 nm . Curves 1, 2, and 3 are for f = 0.01 , 0.05, 0.1, respectively. Other parameters are as in Fig. 2. For reference I have shown the transmission (dashed curve) for f = 0.1 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Real ( E ) inside the composite film and the spacer layer for f = 0.1 , d 1 = 70 nm , and d 2 = 75 nm . Curves 1, 2, and 3 are for λ = 392.6 , 410, 433.3 nm , respectively. Other parameters are as in Fig. 2.

Equations (1)

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ϵ 1 ( ω ) = ϵ h + f x ( ϵ m ϵ h ) 1 + f ( x 1 ) , x = 3 ϵ h ϵ m + 2 ϵ h ,

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