Abstract

We demonstrate coherent control of laser-induced optical breakdown in Ar and Xe with a femtosecond time-scale pulse train. By using a genetic algorithm to set the relative phases of seven optical sidebands that span two octaves of bandwidth, we enhance or suppress the probability of breakdown, vary the onset time of the spark, and to some extent, vary the position of the spark and the timing of the laser-produced shock wave.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. M. Weyl and D. Rosen, Phys. Rev. A 31, 2300 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, Opt. Commun. 129, 134 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. Kumar and R. K. Thareja, Appl. Opt. 31, 3460 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. X. Phuoc, Opt. Commun. 175, 419 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. J. Pearson and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 243 (2004).
  9. R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. J. Grefenstette, ''Genesis 5.0,'' ftp://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/pub/galist/source-code/ga-source (1995).
  12. A. Vogel, S. Busch, and U. Parlitz, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 148 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Heck, J. Ross, and R. J. Levis, Opt. Commun. 259, 216 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006

G. Heck, J. Ross, and R. J. Levis, Opt. Commun. 259, 216 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

B. J. Pearson and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 243 (2004).

2003

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

T. X. Phuoc, Opt. Commun. 175, 419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996

A. Vogel, S. Busch, and U. Parlitz, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, Opt. Commun. 129, 134 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. J. Grefenstette, ''Genesis 5.0,'' ftp://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/pub/galist/source-code/ga-source (1995).

1992

1985

G. M. Weyl and D. Rosen, Phys. Rev. A 31, 2300 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alvensleben, F.

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, Opt. Commun. 129, 134 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Andre, Y.-B.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bourayou, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

B. J. Pearson and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 243 (2004).

Busch, S.

A. Vogel, S. Busch, and U. Parlitz, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B. N.

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, Opt. Commun. 129, 134 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frey, S.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerber, G.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grefenstette, J. J.

J. J. Grefenstette, ''Genesis 5.0,'' ftp://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/pub/galist/source-code/ga-source (1995).

Harris, S. E.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heck, G.

G. Heck, J. Ross, and R. J. Levis, Opt. Commun. 259, 216 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, V.

Levis, R. J.

G. Heck, J. Ross, and R. J. Levis, Opt. Commun. 259, 216 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mejean, G.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Misoguti, L.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Momma, C.

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, Opt. Commun. 129, 134 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nolte, S.

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, Opt. Commun. 129, 134 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Parlitz, U.

A. Vogel, S. Busch, and U. Parlitz, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, B. J.

B. J. Pearson and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 243 (2004).

Phuoc, T. X.

T. X. Phuoc, Opt. Commun. 175, 419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, M.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosen, D.

G. M. Weyl and D. Rosen, Phys. Rev. A 31, 2300 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ross, J.

G. Heck, J. Ross, and R. J. Levis, Opt. Commun. 259, 216 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, E.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shverdin, M. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thareja, R. K.

Tünnermann, A.

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, Opt. Commun. 129, 134 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, G.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogel, A.

A. Vogel, S. Busch, and U. Parlitz, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D. R.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wellegehausen, B.

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, Opt. Commun. 129, 134 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, Opt. Commun. 129, 134 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Weyl, G. M.

G. M. Weyl and D. Rosen, Phys. Rev. A 31, 2300 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Willie, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, J.-P.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woste, L.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yavuz, D. D.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeek, E.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

A. Vogel, S. Busch, and U. Parlitz, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nature

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Nature 406, 164 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

T. X. Phuoc, Opt. Commun. 175, 419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Heck, J. Ross, and R. J. Levis, Opt. Commun. 259, 216 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Momma, B. N. Chichkov, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and B. Wellegehausen, Opt. Commun. 129, 134 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

G. M. Weyl and D. Rosen, Phys. Rev. A 31, 2300 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

B. J. Pearson and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 243 (2004).

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Willie, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Woste, Science 301, 61 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

J. J. Grefenstette, ''Genesis 5.0,'' ftp://www.aic.nrl.navy.mil/pub/galist/source-code/ga-source (1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: Seven Raman sidebands are generated in the D 2 cell, dispersed, passed through a spatial light modulator, and recombined in the gas chamber. The breakdown spark is imaged by the CCD.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Control of the probability of gas breakdown. The fraction of 400 consecutive Q-switched laser pulses that produce gas breakdown is plotted versus the pressure of (a) Xe and (b) argon gas. The relative Raman sideband phases are determined by the GA to either maximize (circles) or minimize (squares) the probability of breakdown. The incident energies at 1.56 μ m , 1.064 μ m , 807 nm , 650 nm , 544 nm , 468 nm , and 410 nm are, respectively, 1.0, 2.5, 0.8, 1.9, 1.1, 0.7, and 0.4 mJ .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Control of recombination radiation onset. Curves (a) and (b) result from two different sets of relative phases determined by the GA to (a) maximize or (b) minimize the integrated signal during the gated time (shaded rectangle). The onset is varied by 3.4 ± 2.0 ns .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Control of spark location. (a) a HeNe beam propagates through the Xe cell away from the spark and is detected by a photodiode. (b) The detected power variation signifies the shock-wave arrival. The GA determines the relative sideband phases that minimize the HeNe energy within the corresponding time intervals (shaded rectangles).

Metrics