Abstract

Two-dimensional photonic crystals composed of two orthogonal volume diffraction gratings have been photogenerated in photopolymers. When the read beam is set at the Bragg angle, the diffraction efficiency of the transmission grating is strongly enhanced at the band edge of the reflection grating recorded in the material. Such a device provides Bragg operation and enhancement of the diffraction efficiency of the thin diffraction grating together with good wavelength selectivity. Such advantages could be interesting for optical signal processing.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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2005

A. Moreau, I. Zaquine, A. Maruani, and R. Frey, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2289 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Frey, P. Delaye, and G. Roosen, in Nanophotonique, J.M.Lourtioz, C.Delalande, A.Levenson, and H.Rigneault, eds. (Lavoisier, 2005), p. 207.

2002

2001

J. Zhao, X. Shen, and Y. Xia, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Dekker, 1997).

1996

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, 1995).

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

Bendickson, J. M.

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brost, G. A.

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brubaker, R. M.

Bunning, T. J.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Delaye, P.

R. Frey, P. Delaye, and G. Roosen, in Nanophotonique, J.M.Lourtioz, C.Delalande, A.Levenson, and H.Rigneault, eds. (Lavoisier, 2005), p. 207.

Dowling, J. P.

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Frey, R.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, 1995).

Kwolek, K. M.

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Loewen, E. G.

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Dekker, 1997).

Maruani, A.

Meade, R. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, 1995).

Melloch, M. R.

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1626 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Menez, L.

Moreau, A.

Natarajan, L. V.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, D. D.

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1626 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Popov, E.

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Dekker, 1997).

Roosen, G.

R. Frey, P. Delaye, and G. Roosen, in Nanophotonique, J.M.Lourtioz, C.Delalande, A.Levenson, and H.Rigneault, eds. (Lavoisier, 2005), p. 207.

Scalora, M.

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X.

J. Zhao, X. Shen, and Y. Xia, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R. L.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tondiglia, V. P.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Winn, J. N.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, 1995).

Xia, Y.

J. Zhao, X. Shen, and Y. Xia, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zaquine, I.

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, X. Shen, and Y. Xia, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. L. Sutherland, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. M. Kwolek, M. R. Melloch, D. D. Nolte, and G. A. Brost, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 736 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Laser Technol.

J. Zhao, X. Shen, and Y. Xia, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. E

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. G. Loewen and E. Popov, Diffraction Gratings and Applications (Dekker, 1997).

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, 1995).

R. Frey, P. Delaye, and G. Roosen, in Nanophotonique, J.M.Lourtioz, C.Delalande, A.Levenson, and H.Rigneault, eds. (Lavoisier, 2005), p. 207.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for recording the 2D photonic crystals in photopolymers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectivity of the 2D photonic crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency of the 1 and + 1 orders of diffraction in the 2D photonic crystal.

Equations (2)

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Δ n = Δ n Y cos ( 2 π Y Λ Y ) + Δ n Z cos ( 2 π Z Λ Z ) ,
λ R = λ 0 K Z 2 4 α 2 ( α 2 + π 2 L 2 ) K Z 2 4 α 2 π 2 L 2 ,

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