Abstract

A backward dark-optical-comb-injection mode-locked semiconductor optical amplifier fiber laser (SOAFL) with a femtosecond pulse width and an ultrahigh supermode-noise suppressing ratio (SMSR) is primarily demonstrated. The mode-locked SOAFL pulse with a spectral linewidth of 0.45nm is shortened from 15to8.6ps under chirp compensation in a 420m long dispersion-compensated fiber, corresponding to a time–bandwidth product of 0.48. The eighth-order soliton is obtained by the nonlinearly soliton’s compression of the chirp-compensated SOAFL pulse in a 112m long single-mode fiber at an input peak power of 51W, providing the pulse width, the linewidth, and the nearly transform-limited time–bandwidth product are <200fs, 13.8nm, and 0.34, respectively. The phase noise and integrated timing jitter at an offset frequency below 1MHz are 105dBcHz and 0.8ps, respectively. An ultrahigh pulse-compression ratio of 43 and a SMSR of 87dB for the eighth-order SOAFL soliton are reported.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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K. Sato and H. Toba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

T. O. Tsun, M. K. Islam, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 141, 65 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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A. Boskovic, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 31, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakawa, Electron. Lett. 31, 377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

D. M. Patrick, Electron. Lett. 30, 43 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 1166 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 1327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, Opt. Lett. 24, 1209 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baby, V.

Bintjas, C.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boskovic, A.

A. Boskovic, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 31, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chernikov, S. V.

A. Boskovic, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 31, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, I.-H.

Chu, P. L.

T. O. Tsun, M. K. Islam, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 141, 65 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

Guekos, G.

Hatziefremidis, A.

Hsueh, P.-S.

Islam, M. K.

T. O. Tsun, M. K. Islam, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 141, 65 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 1166 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, Y.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakawa, Electron. Lett. 31, 377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 1327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Y.-S.

Lin, G.-R.

Mori, K.

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 1166 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 1166 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nakawa, M.

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakawa, Electron. Lett. 31, 377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 1327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Occhi, L.

Papakyriakopoulos, T.

Paschotta, R.

Patrick, D. M.

D. M. Patrick, Electron. Lett. 30, 43 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P. R.

Rand, D.

Saruwatari, M.

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 1166 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Sato and H. Toba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schares, L.

Sugawa, T.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 1327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

A. Boskovic, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 31, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Toba, H.

K. Sato and H. Toba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsun, T. O.

T. O. Tsun, M. K. Islam, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 141, 65 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vlachos, K.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, Opt. Lett. 24, 1209 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H.-H.

Wu, M.-C.

Xia, G.-Q.

Xu, L.

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakawa, Electron. Lett. 31, 377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 1327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 29, 1327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Boskovic, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 31, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, K. Mori, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 30, 1166 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, Y. Kimura, and M. Nakawa, Electron. Lett. 31, 377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Patrick, Electron. Lett. 30, 43 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato and H. Toba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. O. Tsun, M. K. Islam, and P. L. Chu, Opt. Commun. 141, 65 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the backward dark-optical-comb-injection mode-locked SOAFL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Effect of gain-depletion duty cycle on mode-locked SOAFL pulse width; (b) optimized driving condition of Mach–Zehnder modulator for dark-optical-comb generation; pulse trains of (c) dark-optical comb and (d) mode-locked SOAFL.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse shapes and (b) lasing spectra of the SOAFL after mode locking, linear dispersion compensation, and nonlinear soliton compression; (c) supermode-noise suppression spectra of the conventional mode-locked EDFL (black curve) and the SOAFL (gray curve); (d) phase noise and corresponding timing jitter of the SOAFL.

Equations (1)

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R = Δ P out P out Δ P in P in = { [ 1 ( 1 e g ) e g P ave E s 1 τ c + e g P ave E s ( 1 τ c + e g P ave E s ) 2 + 4 π 2 Δ ν 2 ] 2 + [ ( 1 e g ) e g P ave E s 2 π Δ ν ( 1 τ c + e g P ave E s ) 2 + 4 π 2 Δ ν 2 ] 2 } 1 2 ,

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