Abstract

Optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) can be used to improve the prepulse contrast in chirped-pulse amplification systems by amplifying the main pulse with a total saturated OPCPA gain, while not affecting the preceding prepulses of the seed oscillator mode-locked pulse train. We show that a simple modification of a multistage OPCPA system into a cascaded optical parametric amplifier (COPA) results in an optical switch and extreme contrast enhancement that can completely eliminate the preceding and trailing oscillator pulses. Instrument-limited measurement of a prepulse contrast ratio of 1.4×1011 is demonstrated from COPA at a 30mJ level.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2004

A. Jullien, F. Auge-Rochereau, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, P. d'Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2184 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, W. Molander, B. Stuart, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5193 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

1997

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1979

Auge-Rochereau, F.

Auguste, T.

Bagnoud, V.

Barty, C. P. J.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, W. Molander, B. Stuart, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5193 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Wattellier, I. Jovanovic, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 88 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 74.

Begishev, I. A.

Bonner, R. A.

Brown, C.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, W. Molander, B. Stuart, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5193 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

Cheriaux, G.

Collier, J. L.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Comaskey, B. J.

d'Oliveira, P.

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ebbers, C. A.

Falcoz, F.

Fekete, D.

Fujita, H.

Gaeta, A. L.

Guardalben, M. J.

Homoelle, D.

Ishii, E.

Izawa, Y.

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, I.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, W. Molander, B. Stuart, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5193 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Jovanovic, B. J. Comaskey, C. A. Ebbers, R. A. Bonner, D. M. Pennington, and E. C. Morse, Appl. Opt. 41, 2923 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Wattellier, I. Jovanovic, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 88 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 74.

Jullien, A.

Kitagawa, Y.

Kodama, R.

Langley, A. J.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matousek, P.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Molander, W.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, W. Molander, B. Stuart, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5193 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morse, E. C.

Mourou, G.

Nielsen, N.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, W. Molander, B. Stuart, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5193 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, W. Molander, B. Stuart, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5193 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D. M.

Pepper, D. M.

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Puth, J.

Ross, I. N.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, W. Molander, B. Stuart, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5193 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Towrie, M.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wattellier, B.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, W. Molander, B. Stuart, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5193 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Wattellier, I. Jovanovic, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 88 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 74.

Waxer, L. J.

Yamanaka, T.

Yanovsky, V.

Yariv, A.

Yoshida, H.

Zuegel, J. D.

Appl. Opt.

Opt. Commun.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, Opt. Commun. 144, 125 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

I. Jovanovic, C. Brown, B. Wattellier, N. Nielsen, W. Molander, B. Stuart, D. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 5193 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

B. Wattellier, I. Jovanovic, and C. P. J. Barty, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 88 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 74.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) COPA principle. A signal pulse from the incident pulse train at a frequency ω s is amplified in OPA 1 by using a pump pulse at a frequency ω p . An isolated idler pulse at a frequency ω i = ω p ω s is generated in OPA 1 and subsequently introduced into OPA 2 pumped by an identical pump pulse. The idler generated in OPA 2 is shifted back to the original frequency ω s , and its prepulses outside the time window defined by the main pulse have been removed.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Amplified pulse spectra in OPCPA (dashed curve) and COPA (solid curve). High pump depletion results in spectral broadening.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelations of OPCPA and COPA. Also shown is the calculated autocorrelation of the transform-limited pulse based on the measured OPCPA spectrum.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of the optical setup for contrast measurement. The pulse is passing a set of two Pockels cells. Shaded beam paths are used only for calibration and timing purposes. PC, Pockels cell; Pol, thin-film polarizer; HWP, half-wave plate; PD, photodetector.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Thin curve) OPCPA amplifies an isolated oscillator pulse but does not remove prepulses; (thick curve) COPA removes all oscillator prepulses. COPA pulse is shifted by 1 ns for better distinction.

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