Abstract

The impact of ice 1h formation inside the holes of a photonic crystal fiber Bragg grating was analyzed and discussed. As a result of the ice's expansion, a broadening of the grating spectrum was observed that corresponds to internal microbending of the fiber and after some temperature cycling leads to failure of the fiber. An analytical model with which to estimate the internal compression forces is proposed, and the calculated values are found to be in agreement with reported data.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Dragomir, J. G. McInerney, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1114 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021 (1974).
  3. www.crystal-fibre.com and www.centaurus.com.au.
  4. N. Groothoff, J. Canning, E. Buckley, K. Lyytikainen, and J. Zagari, Opt. Lett. 28, 233 (2003).
  5. M. Rothschild, D. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Janos, J. Canning, and M. G. Sceats, Opt. Lett. 21, 1827 (1996).
  7. O. A. Kiseleva, S. N. Klad'ko, V. D. Sobolev, and N. V. Churaev, Colloid J. USSR 37, 1119 (1976).
  8. V. F. Petrenko and R. W. Whitworth, Physics of Ice (Oxford U. Press, 1999).
  9. G. A. Ball and W. W. Morey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1979 (1994).
  10. J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).
  11. P. J. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, L. Farr, M. W. Mason, A. Tomlinson, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 236 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2005

2004

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).

2003

2002

A. Dragomir, J. G. McInerney, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1996

1994

G. A. Ball and W. W. Morey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1979 (1994).

1989

M. Rothschild, D. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1976

O. A. Kiseleva, S. N. Klad'ko, V. D. Sobolev, and N. V. Churaev, Colloid J. USSR 37, 1119 (1976).

1974

L. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021 (1974).

Astle, H. W.

L. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021 (1974).

Ball, G. A.

G. A. Ball and W. W. Morey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1979 (1994).

Birks, T. A.

Buckley, E.

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).

N. Groothoff, J. Canning, E. Buckley, K. Lyytikainen, and J. Zagari, Opt. Lett. 28, 233 (2003).

Canning, J.

Churaev, N. V.

O. A. Kiseleva, S. N. Klad'ko, V. D. Sobolev, and N. V. Churaev, Colloid J. USSR 37, 1119 (1976).

Couny, F.

Dragomir, A.

A. Dragomir, J. G. McInerney, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ehrlich, D.

M. Rothschild, D. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Farr, L.

Groothoff, N.

Huntington, S.

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).

Janos, M.

Kaiser, L.

L. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021 (1974).

Kiseleva, O. A.

O. A. Kiseleva, S. N. Klad'ko, V. D. Sobolev, and N. V. Churaev, Colloid J. USSR 37, 1119 (1976).

Klad'ko, S. N.

O. A. Kiseleva, S. N. Klad'ko, V. D. Sobolev, and N. V. Churaev, Colloid J. USSR 37, 1119 (1976).

Knight, J. C.

Lyytikainen, K.

Lyytikäinen, K.

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).

Mangan, B. J.

Mason, M. W.

McInerney, J. G.

A. Dragomir, J. G. McInerney, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

G. A. Ball and W. W. Morey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1979 (1994).

Nikogosyan, D. N.

A. Dragomir, J. G. McInerney, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petrenko, V. F.

V. F. Petrenko and R. W. Whitworth, Physics of Ice (Oxford U. Press, 1999).

Roberts, P. J.

Rothschild, M.

M. Rothschild, D. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St.

Sabert, H.

Sceats, M. G.

Shaver, D. C.

M. Rothschild, D. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sobolev, V. D.

O. A. Kiseleva, S. N. Klad'ko, V. D. Sobolev, and N. V. Churaev, Colloid J. USSR 37, 1119 (1976).

Tomlinson, A.

Whitworth, R. W.

V. F. Petrenko and R. W. Whitworth, Physics of Ice (Oxford U. Press, 1999).

Williams, D. P.

Zagari, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Dragomir, J. G. McInerney, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rothschild, D. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

L. Kaiser and H. W. Astle, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021 (1974).

Colloid J. USSR

O. A. Kiseleva, S. N. Klad'ko, V. D. Sobolev, and N. V. Churaev, Colloid J. USSR 37, 1119 (1976).

Electrochim. Acta

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

www.crystal-fibre.com and www.centaurus.com.au.

V. F. Petrenko and R. W. Whitworth, Physics of Ice (Oxford U. Press, 1999).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics