Abstract

For the first time to our knowledge, ultrafast laser writing has generated room-temperature stable guided-wave optics in bulk lithium niobate for the telecommunication spectrum. Among a seven-dimensional parameter space for waveguide optimization, two frequently overlooked parameters, pulse duration and polarization, were found to be key in overcoming undesired nonlinear optical responses imposed by this material. Single-mode waveguides were best formed with circularly polarized light having a relatively long pulse duration of 1.0ps. The waveguides were highly polarization dependent and guided in both telecommunication bands near 1300 and 1550nm, exhibiting losses as low as 0.7dBcm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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2006 (1)

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

L. Gui, B. X. Xu, and T. C. Chong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1337 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A 76, 309 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2001 (2)

1996 (1)

1985 (1)

R. Regener and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 36, 143 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, Ferroelectrics 3, 107 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terentev, JETP 23, 924 (1966).

Amodei, J. J.

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, Ferroelectrics 3, 107 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Blewett, I. J.

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

Brodeur, A.

Burghoff, J.

Campbell, S.

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chan, J. W.

Chong, T. C.

L. Gui, B. X. Xu, and T. C. Chong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1337 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

Davis, K. M.

De Silvestri, S.

Eaton, S. M.

Garcia, J. F.

Glatzel, U.

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A 76, 309 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gorelik, T.

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A 76, 309 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gui, L.

L. Gui, B. X. Xu, and T. C. Chong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1337 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Herman, P. R.

Hirao, K.

Huser, T.

Iwanow, R.

R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kar, A. K.

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krol, D. M.

Laporta, P.

Lederer, F.

R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marangoni, M.

Mazur, E.

Min, Y.

R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miura, K.

Naumov, A.

Nejadmalayeri, A. H.

Nolte, S.

Osellame, R.

Perelomov, A. M.

A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terentev, JETP 23, 924 (1966).

Pertsch, T.

R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polli, D.

Popov, V. S.

A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terentev, JETP 23, 924 (1966).

Ramponi, R.

Rayner, D. M.

Regener, R.

R. Regener and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 36, 143 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Risbud, S.

Schaffer, C. B.

Schiek, R.

R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sohler, W.

R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Regener and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 36, 143 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Staebler, D. L.

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, Ferroelectrics 3, 107 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Streltsov, A. M.

Sugimoto, N.

Taccheo, S.

Terentev, M. V.

A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terentev, JETP 23, 924 (1966).

Thomson, R. R.

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tuennermann, A.

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A 76, 309 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

Will, M.

Xu, B. X.

L. Gui, B. X. Xu, and T. C. Chong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1337 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. B.

Appl. Phys. A (1)

T. Gorelik, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tuennermann, and U. Glatzel, Appl. Phys. A 76, 309 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Regener and W. Sohler, Appl. Phys. B 36, 143 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I. J. Blewett, A. K. Kar, and D. T. Reid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, Ferroelectrics 3, 107 (1972).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Gui, B. X. Xu, and T. C. Chong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1337 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

JETP (1)

A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terentev, JETP 23, 924 (1966).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured TE mode profiles for LN waveguides having the lowest losses at (a) 1300 nm ( 700 nJ , 0.9 mm s ) and (b) 1550 nm ( 700 nJ , 0.62 mm s ).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of the lowest-loss LN waveguides, showing Fabry–Perot fringes at (a) 1300 nm and (b) 1550 nm .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 TE Mode Losses (dB/cm)

Metrics