Abstract

We present what we believe to be the first automatic alignment of a synchrotron beamline by the Hartmann technique. Experiments were performed, in the soft-x-ray range (E=3keV, λ=0.414nm), by using a four-actuator Kirkpatrick–Baez (KB) active optic. A system imaging the KB focal spot and a soft-x-ray Hartmann wavefront sensor were used alternatively to control the KB optic. The beam corrected with the help of the imaging system was used to calibrate the wavefront sensor. With both closed loops, we focused the beam into a 6.8μm×9μm FWHM focal spot.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. P. Naulleau, P. Batson, P. Denham, D. Richardson, and J. Underwood, Opt. Commun. 212, 225 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. Hignette, A. K. Freund, and E. Chinchio, in Proc. SPIE 3152, 21 (1997).
  3. P. Mercère, Ph. Zeitoun, M. Idir, S. Le Pape, D. Douillet, X. Levecq, G. Dovillaire, S. Bucourt, K. A. Goldberg, P. P. Naulleau, and S. Rekawa, Opt. Lett. 28, 1534 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Janousch, R. Abela, Th. Schmidt, J. F. van der Veen, R. Wetter, A.-M. Flank, P. Lagarde, and G. Cauchon, in PSI--Scientific Report 2002/Volume VII (Paul Scherrer Institut, 2002), http://sls.web.psi.ch/view.php/science/docs/annual/2002.html.
  5. O. Hignette, G. Rostaing, P. Cloetens, A. Rommeveaux, W. Ludwig, and A. K. Freund, in Proc. SPIE 4499, 19 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. A. Padmore, M. R. Howells, S. C. Irick, T. Renner, R. Sandler, and Y.-M. Koo, in Proc. SPIE 2856, 145 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Levecq and F. Harms, "Disposif d'analyse de front d'onde à résolution améliorée," French patent 01 09435 (July 12, 2001), E.C., U.S., and Japan patent extension PCT/FR02/02495 (July 12, 2002).
  8. P. Mercère, Ph.D. dissertation (Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, 2005).
  9. W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipies (Cambridge U. Press, 1989).

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

P. P. Naulleau, P. Batson, P. Denham, D. Richardson, and J. Underwood, Opt. Commun. 212, 225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

O. Hignette, G. Rostaing, P. Cloetens, A. Rommeveaux, W. Ludwig, and A. K. Freund, in Proc. SPIE 4499, 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

O. Hignette, A. K. Freund, and E. Chinchio, in Proc. SPIE 3152, 21 (1997).

1996 (1)

H. A. Padmore, M. R. Howells, S. C. Irick, T. Renner, R. Sandler, and Y.-M. Koo, in Proc. SPIE 2856, 145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abela, R.

M. Janousch, R. Abela, Th. Schmidt, J. F. van der Veen, R. Wetter, A.-M. Flank, P. Lagarde, and G. Cauchon, in PSI--Scientific Report 2002/Volume VII (Paul Scherrer Institut, 2002), http://sls.web.psi.ch/view.php/science/docs/annual/2002.html.

Batson, P.

P. P. Naulleau, P. Batson, P. Denham, D. Richardson, and J. Underwood, Opt. Commun. 212, 225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bucourt, S.

Cauchon, G.

M. Janousch, R. Abela, Th. Schmidt, J. F. van der Veen, R. Wetter, A.-M. Flank, P. Lagarde, and G. Cauchon, in PSI--Scientific Report 2002/Volume VII (Paul Scherrer Institut, 2002), http://sls.web.psi.ch/view.php/science/docs/annual/2002.html.

Chinchio, E.

O. Hignette, A. K. Freund, and E. Chinchio, in Proc. SPIE 3152, 21 (1997).

Cloetens, P.

O. Hignette, G. Rostaing, P. Cloetens, A. Rommeveaux, W. Ludwig, and A. K. Freund, in Proc. SPIE 4499, 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Denham, P.

P. P. Naulleau, P. Batson, P. Denham, D. Richardson, and J. Underwood, Opt. Commun. 212, 225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Douillet, D.

Dovillaire, G.

Flank, A.-M.

M. Janousch, R. Abela, Th. Schmidt, J. F. van der Veen, R. Wetter, A.-M. Flank, P. Lagarde, and G. Cauchon, in PSI--Scientific Report 2002/Volume VII (Paul Scherrer Institut, 2002), http://sls.web.psi.ch/view.php/science/docs/annual/2002.html.

Flannery, B. P.

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipies (Cambridge U. Press, 1989).

Freund, A. K.

O. Hignette, G. Rostaing, P. Cloetens, A. Rommeveaux, W. Ludwig, and A. K. Freund, in Proc. SPIE 4499, 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Hignette, A. K. Freund, and E. Chinchio, in Proc. SPIE 3152, 21 (1997).

Goldberg, K. A.

Hignette, O.

O. Hignette, G. Rostaing, P. Cloetens, A. Rommeveaux, W. Ludwig, and A. K. Freund, in Proc. SPIE 4499, 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Hignette, A. K. Freund, and E. Chinchio, in Proc. SPIE 3152, 21 (1997).

Howells, M. R.

H. A. Padmore, M. R. Howells, S. C. Irick, T. Renner, R. Sandler, and Y.-M. Koo, in Proc. SPIE 2856, 145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Idir, M.

Irick, S. C.

H. A. Padmore, M. R. Howells, S. C. Irick, T. Renner, R. Sandler, and Y.-M. Koo, in Proc. SPIE 2856, 145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Janousch, M.

M. Janousch, R. Abela, Th. Schmidt, J. F. van der Veen, R. Wetter, A.-M. Flank, P. Lagarde, and G. Cauchon, in PSI--Scientific Report 2002/Volume VII (Paul Scherrer Institut, 2002), http://sls.web.psi.ch/view.php/science/docs/annual/2002.html.

Koo, Y.-M.

H. A. Padmore, M. R. Howells, S. C. Irick, T. Renner, R. Sandler, and Y.-M. Koo, in Proc. SPIE 2856, 145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lagarde, P.

M. Janousch, R. Abela, Th. Schmidt, J. F. van der Veen, R. Wetter, A.-M. Flank, P. Lagarde, and G. Cauchon, in PSI--Scientific Report 2002/Volume VII (Paul Scherrer Institut, 2002), http://sls.web.psi.ch/view.php/science/docs/annual/2002.html.

Le Pape, S.

Levecq, X.

Ludwig, W.

O. Hignette, G. Rostaing, P. Cloetens, A. Rommeveaux, W. Ludwig, and A. K. Freund, in Proc. SPIE 4499, 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mercère, P.

Naulleau, P. P.

Padmore, H. A.

H. A. Padmore, M. R. Howells, S. C. Irick, T. Renner, R. Sandler, and Y.-M. Koo, in Proc. SPIE 2856, 145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Press, W. H.

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipies (Cambridge U. Press, 1989).

Rekawa, S.

Renner, T.

H. A. Padmore, M. R. Howells, S. C. Irick, T. Renner, R. Sandler, and Y.-M. Koo, in Proc. SPIE 2856, 145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D.

P. P. Naulleau, P. Batson, P. Denham, D. Richardson, and J. Underwood, Opt. Commun. 212, 225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rommeveaux, A.

O. Hignette, G. Rostaing, P. Cloetens, A. Rommeveaux, W. Ludwig, and A. K. Freund, in Proc. SPIE 4499, 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rostaing, G.

O. Hignette, G. Rostaing, P. Cloetens, A. Rommeveaux, W. Ludwig, and A. K. Freund, in Proc. SPIE 4499, 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sandler, R.

H. A. Padmore, M. R. Howells, S. C. Irick, T. Renner, R. Sandler, and Y.-M. Koo, in Proc. SPIE 2856, 145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, Th.

M. Janousch, R. Abela, Th. Schmidt, J. F. van der Veen, R. Wetter, A.-M. Flank, P. Lagarde, and G. Cauchon, in PSI--Scientific Report 2002/Volume VII (Paul Scherrer Institut, 2002), http://sls.web.psi.ch/view.php/science/docs/annual/2002.html.

Teukolsky, S. A.

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipies (Cambridge U. Press, 1989).

Underwood, J.

P. P. Naulleau, P. Batson, P. Denham, D. Richardson, and J. Underwood, Opt. Commun. 212, 225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van der Veen, J. F.

M. Janousch, R. Abela, Th. Schmidt, J. F. van der Veen, R. Wetter, A.-M. Flank, P. Lagarde, and G. Cauchon, in PSI--Scientific Report 2002/Volume VII (Paul Scherrer Institut, 2002), http://sls.web.psi.ch/view.php/science/docs/annual/2002.html.

Vetterling, W. T.

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipies (Cambridge U. Press, 1989).

Wetter, R.

M. Janousch, R. Abela, Th. Schmidt, J. F. van der Veen, R. Wetter, A.-M. Flank, P. Lagarde, and G. Cauchon, in PSI--Scientific Report 2002/Volume VII (Paul Scherrer Institut, 2002), http://sls.web.psi.ch/view.php/science/docs/annual/2002.html.

Zeitoun, Ph.

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. P. Naulleau, P. Batson, P. Denham, D. Richardson, and J. Underwood, Opt. Commun. 212, 225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (3)

O. Hignette, A. K. Freund, and E. Chinchio, in Proc. SPIE 3152, 21 (1997).

O. Hignette, G. Rostaing, P. Cloetens, A. Rommeveaux, W. Ludwig, and A. K. Freund, in Proc. SPIE 4499, 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Padmore, M. R. Howells, S. C. Irick, T. Renner, R. Sandler, and Y.-M. Koo, in Proc. SPIE 2856, 145 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

X. Levecq and F. Harms, "Disposif d'analyse de front d'onde à résolution améliorée," French patent 01 09435 (July 12, 2001), E.C., U.S., and Japan patent extension PCT/FR02/02495 (July 12, 2002).

P. Mercère, Ph.D. dissertation (Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, 2005).

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipies (Cambridge U. Press, 1989).

M. Janousch, R. Abela, Th. Schmidt, J. F. van der Veen, R. Wetter, A.-M. Flank, P. Lagarde, and G. Cauchon, in PSI--Scientific Report 2002/Volume VII (Paul Scherrer Institut, 2002), http://sls.web.psi.ch/view.php/science/docs/annual/2002.html.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SOLEIL’s beamline LUCIA at the SLS.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Beamline LUCIA end station with the KB optic, the imaging system, and the HWS. Both diagnoses allow control of the four-actuator active optic.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Influence functions and (b) eigenmodes of the KB optic, given as rms and PV for one motor step unit (1 motor step = 50 nm ).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

KB focal spots and their sections along the horizontal and vertical dimensions (a) before and (b) after closed-loop correction with the imaging system.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

KB reflected residual wavefronts (without tilts and focus terms) (a) before and (b) after closed-loop correction with the HWS.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

KB focal spot and its sections along the horizontal and vertical dimensions after closed-loop correction with the HWS.

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