Abstract

We demonstrate an extremely accurate method for measuring ultrabroadband, sub-10fs pulses even if they exhibit a highly modulated spectrum, space–time coupling, or both. The method uses a spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction, which allows a zero additional phase measurement to be performed with a relatively low signal-to-noise ratio in real time and single shot.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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2005

2004

2002

2001

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

1998

1994

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

Balcou, P.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

Baum, P.

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorrer, C.

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iaconis, C.

Ivanov, M. Y.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kane, D. J.

Keller, U.

Kienberger, R.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosik, E. M.

Krausz, F.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L'Huillier, A.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117 (1994)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lochbrunner, S.

Matuschek, N.

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Radunsky, A. S.

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riedle, E.

Spielmann, C.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, Nature 414, 509 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

Sutter, D. H.

Trebino, R.

Walmsley, I. A.

Wiersma, D. A.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEA-SPIDER concept: TP, test pulse; CP1/CP2, chirped pulse 1/2; τ, time delay.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SEA-SPIDER setup: BS, beam splitter; WP, λ 2 wave plate; GVD, dispersive glass block ( 10 cm SF10); FM, focusing mirror ( f = 100 mm ) ; χ ( 2 ) , nonlinear crystal ( 30 μ m β-barium borate, type II); SF, spatial filter; ϕ, optional additional phase.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SEA-SPIDER interferograms, dashed lines show fringe pattern: (a) calibration trace (i.e., zero shear); (b) SEA-SPIDER measurement of the Rainbow oscillator; (c) SEA-SPIDER measurement of a positive chirped pulse; (d) SEA-SPIDER measurement of a negative chirped pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse reconstruction: (a) measured (solid gray curve) and calculated (dashed black curve) phase of 1 cm fused silica; (b) oscillator phase reconstruction from SEA-SPIDER (solid gray curve) and SPIDER (dashed black curve); (c) temporal reconstruction from SEA-SPIDER (solid gray curve), SPIDER (dashed black curve) and Fourier-transform-limited pulse (dotted black curve).

Equations (1)

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I ( ω , x ) = E ( ω , x ) 2 + E ( ω Ω , x ) 2 + 2 E ( ω , x ) E ( ω Ω , x ) cos [ ϕ ( ω , x ) ϕ ( ω Ω , x ) + K x ] ,

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