Abstract

Raman lasing of a two-phonon Raman band in the anti-Stokes side is demonstrated. Two femtosecond light pulses with identical wavelengths are irradiated onto a SrTiO3 crystal in a cross-beam configuration. Under low excitation power, several wave-mixing signals with identical wavelengths are emitted. When the power exceeds a critical value, cascaded coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) signals are emitted, the frequency step of which is coincident with that of the strongest two-phonon Raman band of 2TO2.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  2. S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Zhao, A. V. Bragas, D. J. Lockwood, and R. Merlin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107203 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, and H. Kurtz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2981 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Inoue, N. Asai, and T. Sameshima, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 1291 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. G. Nilsen and J. G. Skinner, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 2240 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J.-i. Takahashi, E. Matsubara, T. Arima, and E. Hanamura, Phys. Rev. B 68, 155102 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Brennan and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9691 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Zhao, A. V. Bragas, D. J. Lockwood, and R. Merlin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J.-i. Takahashi, E. Matsubara, T. Arima, and E. Hanamura, Phys. Rev. B 68, 155102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, and H. Kurtz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2981 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (3)

C. Brennan and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9691 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Hu and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4605 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Garrett, A. G. Rojo, A. K. Sood, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Science 275, 1638 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

X. Hu and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2294 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

Y. R. Shen, J. Raman Spectrosc. 10, 110 (1981).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, N. Asai, and T. Sameshima, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 1291 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

W. G. Nilsen and J. G. Skinner, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 2240 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Arima, T.

J.-i. Takahashi, E. Matsubara, T. Arima, and E. Hanamura, Phys. Rev. B 68, 155102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Asai, N.

K. Inoue, N. Asai, and T. Sameshima, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 1291 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A.

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, and H. Kurtz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2981 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bragas, A. V.

J. Zhao, A. V. Bragas, D. J. Lockwood, and R. Merlin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brennan, C.

C. Brennan and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9691 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, T.

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, and H. Kurtz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2981 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garrett, G. A.

G. A. Garrett, A. G. Rojo, A. K. Sood, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Science 275, 1638 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanamura, E.

J.-i. Takahashi, E. Matsubara, T. Arima, and E. Hanamura, Phys. Rev. B 68, 155102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

X. Hu and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4605 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Hu and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2294 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imasaka, T.

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, N. Asai, and T. Sameshima, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 1291 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurtz, H.

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, and H. Kurtz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2981 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lockwood, D. J.

J. Zhao, A. V. Bragas, D. J. Lockwood, and R. Merlin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsubara, E.

J.-i. Takahashi, E. Matsubara, T. Arima, and E. Hanamura, Phys. Rev. B 68, 155102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Merlin, R.

J. Zhao, A. V. Bragas, D. J. Lockwood, and R. Merlin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Garrett, A. G. Rojo, A. K. Sood, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Science 275, 1638 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nazarkin, A.

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

C. Brennan and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9691 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nilsen, W. G.

W. G. Nilsen and J. G. Skinner, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 2240 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Nori, F.

X. Hu and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4605 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Hu and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2294 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rojo, A. G.

G. A. Garrett, A. G. Rojo, A. K. Sood, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Science 275, 1638 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sameshima, T.

K. Inoue, N. Asai, and T. Sameshima, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 1291 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, J. Raman Spectrosc. 10, 110 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 1984).

Skinner, J. G.

W. G. Nilsen and J. G. Skinner, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 2240 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Sood, A. K.

G. A. Garrett, A. G. Rojo, A. K. Sood, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Science 275, 1638 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, J.-i.

J.-i. Takahashi, E. Matsubara, T. Arima, and E. Hanamura, Phys. Rev. B 68, 155102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Whitaker, J. F.

G. A. Garrett, A. G. Rojo, A. K. Sood, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Science 275, 1638 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wittmann, M.

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshikawa, S.

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, A. V. Bragas, D. J. Lockwood, and R. Merlin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

W. G. Nilsen and J. G. Skinner, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 2240 (1968).
[CrossRef]

C. Brennan and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9691 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

K. Inoue, N. Asai, and T. Sameshima, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 1291 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

Y. R. Shen, J. Raman Spectrosc. 10, 110 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, Opt. Commun. 96, 94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J.-i. Takahashi, E. Matsubara, T. Arima, and E. Hanamura, Phys. Rev. B 68, 155102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5508 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhao, A. V. Bragas, D. J. Lockwood, and R. Merlin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107203 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, and H. Kurtz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2981 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Hu and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2294 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Hu and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4605 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

G. A. Garrett, A. G. Rojo, A. K. Sood, J. F. Whitaker, and R. Merlin, Science 275, 1638 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 1984).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of angle-resolved measurement. Reg, femtosecond regenerative amplifier system; m, mirror; VND, variable neutral-density (ND) filter; T, translational stage; L, lens; M, monochromator and computer; F, optical fiber; ND, ND filter; R, rotational stage; S, sample ( SrTiO 3 ) .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Angle-resolved spectrum. (a) P 1 = P 2 = 0.5 mW and (b) P 1 = P 2 = 2.0 mW . The light pulses are injected at the angle of 0°and 2°. The vertical lines show the peak positions. Their spacing is 370 cm 1 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Peak frequencies of the higher-order signals against the emitting angle. Filled circles, incident light; open triangles, wave-mixing signals at P 1 = P 2 = 0.5 mW ; open circles, wave-mixing signals with shifting wavenumber at P 1 = P 2 = 2.0 mW .

Equations (3)

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P s ( 3 ) ( ω s ) = P s ( 3 ) ( k 1 + k 1 k 2 , ω s = ω + ω ω ) = χ ( 3 ) ( ω , ω , ω ) : E 1 ( k 1 , ω ) E 1 ( k 1 , ω ) E 2 * ( k 2 , ω ) .
P s ( 3 ) ( ω s ) = P s ( 3 ) ( k 1 + k 1 k 2 , ω s = ω + ω p )
= χ ( 3 ) ( ω , ω , ω 2 ) : E 1 ( k 1 , ω ) E 1 ( k 1 , ω ) E 2 * ( k 2 , ω 2 ) ,

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