Abstract

We demonstrate a mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with a 1µm InGaAs saturable absorber that produces 84-ps, 1-nJ transform-limited pulses. Measurements of the InGaAs multiple quantum well revealed a slow saturable absorber that is useful for passive mode locking. Optical fiber was added to extend the cavity and vary the repetition rate from 51 kHz to 5.4 MHz. The narrow spectral width of the laser output <0.04 nm permits amplification to 0.2 µJ/pulse with minimal pulse broadening. Pulse energies as large as 1.7 µJ can be achieved with pulse widths of <330 ps. Average powers of 0.5 W at megahertz repetition rates are demonstrated.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kir’yanov, and S. Unger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

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R. Paschotta and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 73, 653 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Thai, M. Getbehead, and A. Pirich, Proc. SPIE 4042, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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1991 (1)

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U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chardon, A. M.

Cheng, Y.

Clarkson, W. A.

DiGiovanni, D.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, and O. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Getbehead, M.

S. Thai, M. Getbehead, and A. Pirich, Proc. SPIE 4042, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

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S. Gray and A. B. Grudinin, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 241 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

S. Gray and A. B. Grudinin, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 241 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, O. B.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, and O. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hugi, J.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, and O. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Imeshev, G.

Ippen, E. P.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joschko, M.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 73, 653 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kir’yanov, A. V.

V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kir’yanov, and S. Unger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kittel, C.

C. Kittel and H. Kroemer, Thermal Physics, 2nd ed. (Freeman, New York, 1980).

Kolodziejski, L. A.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Koontz, E. M.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kringlebotn, J. T.

Kroemer, H.

C. Kittel and H. Kroemer, Thermal Physics, 2nd ed. (Freeman, New York, 1980).

Laming, R. I.

Langlois, P.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laroche, M.

Loh, W. H.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

Nilsson, J.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 73, 653 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Peterson, R. D.

Philippov, V. N.

V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kir’yanov, and S. Unger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pirich, A.

S. Thai, M. Getbehead, and A. Pirich, Proc. SPIE 4042, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schepler, K. L.

Schibli, T. R.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

Stone, J.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, and O. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, and O. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Thai, S.

S. Thai, M. Getbehead, and A. Pirich, Proc. SPIE 4042, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thoen, E. R.

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Unger, S.

V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kir’yanov, and S. Unger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zirngibl, M.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, and O. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Paschotta and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 73, 653 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. R. Thoen, E. M. Koontz, M. Joschko, P. Langlois, T. R. Schibli, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, and O. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kir’yanov, and S. Unger, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

S. Gray and A. B. Grudinin, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 241 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Thai, M. Getbehead, and A. Pirich, Proc. SPIE 4042, 17 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

C. Kittel and H. Kroemer, Thermal Physics, 2nd ed. (Freeman, New York, 1980).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fibers Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Net spectral absorption through the SA at 294 K. (b) MQW pump–probe response with 1.8-ps, 2-nm pulses (centered at 1550 nm) at 52- and 104-MHz repetition rates.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fiber ring laser comprises pigtailed components, except in the dotted path, where the signal is free-space focused onto the SA.  SMF, single-mode fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output for 194-kHz (solid curves) and 1.77-MHz (dashed curves) repetition rates with (a) a 40-GHz bandwidth-limited oscilloscope and (b) an optical spectrum analyzer (0.01-nm resolution). The grating spectral response is also shown (dotted curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser output energy and amplified pulse energy versus repetition rate. Higher repetition rates have lower laser output-pulse energy owing to gain saturation.

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